Pearl Harbor Quotes


By: J. Owen
Pearl Harbor Quotes Isoroku Yamamoto

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto on the right.

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Quotes

  • Why Is the Bowfin Submarine at Pearl Harbor? When you take a closer look at the different exhibits and memorials at Pearl Harbor, you find that some of them have no physical connection to the December 7, 1941 attack. For instance, USS Missouri (BB-63) hadn’t even been built at the time of the attack. Another example is USS Bowfin (SS-287), the submarine that’s located ...
  • Lesser-Known Facts About USS Arizona Today, the rusting hulk of the battleship USS Arizona (BB-39) sits at the bottom of Pearl Harbor. The USS Arizona Memorial, honoring the 1,177 men who perished when the ship exploded and sank during the attack of December 7, 1941, stands directly above. Those who visit the memorial may think they’ve heard everything there is ...
  • Lesser-Known Facts About USS Missouri A tour of the Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor brings with it an abundance of information. While schools teach the main events of World War II, it’s unlikely that the curriculum calls for an in-depth look at the USS Missouri (BB-63), one of the most iconic ships of the conflict. While nothing beats an in-person ...
  • When a Ship Is Decommissioned The life cycle of a US Navy ship begins when its keel is laid down for construction. After construction is completed, she’s launched into the open water, where she undergoes a shakedown cruise to test her performance at sea. Finally, when she’s deemed to be ready, the ship is commissioned into service. This is the ...
  • “Rosie the Riveter” Inspiration Has Died As we watch the number of Pearl Harbor survivors dwindle, we also bid farewell to other icons of the Second World War. The latest World War II hero to pass away wasn’t a member of the Armed Forces that fought in Europe or the Pacific. On the contrary, she became a beloved symbol of many ...
  • Why Is the Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor? On September 2, 1945, representatives of the United States and the Allied nations met with Japanese officials for the signing of the Instrument of Surrender. It was the event that officially ended World War II. The ceremony took place aboard the USS Missouri (BB-63), a battleship that would go on to have a long and ...
  • Operation K: A Second Pearl Harbor Attack On December 7, 1941, the United States suffered devastating losses during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The assault launched the War in the Pacific and put the entire nation on edge, waiting for a possible follow-up attack or full-on invasion. Though the US mainland remained virtually untouched, Oahu again became a target on March ...
  • Understanding US Navy Ship Designations For a civilian, understanding the terminology used by the United States Navy can seem complicated. When it comes to something as simple as the naming of ships, there’s a lot to consider For instance, we know USS Arizona by the name she was given when she was commissioned into service. When you start to research ...
  • Enola Gay: The Bomber That Ended World War II There were many memorable ships and planes that played a larger-than-life role in the American war effort of the 1940s. Storied battleships, mighty aircraft carriers, and fearsome warplanes all contributed to the massive Allied forces in the Pacific Theater. But one plane in particular has a more difficult and ambivalent history. Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, ...
  • Best Pearl Harbor Tours for History Buffs While it’s true that every Pearl Harbor tour is great for anyone interested in history, some offer more than others. Someone who considers themselves a real history buff may not be satisfied with one of the shorter Pearl Harbor tours, which may visit one or two historic sites. They would likely want an itinerary that ...
  • Atomic Bomb Exhibit Comes to Pearl Harbor After a grueling period of conflict and bloody battles, the United States made the difficult decision to drop two atomic bombs on Japan. The devastation caused by the bombings of two Japanese cities put into motion the surrender of the Empire of Japan, though at the cost of hundreds of thousands of civilian lives. In ...
  • Donald Stratton, USS Arizona Survivor, Has Died On the morning of December 7, 1941, six sailors were rescued from the burning and sinking USS Arizona (BB-39) by Joe George, a crew member of the repair ship USS Vestal (AR-4). On February 15, 2020, one of those men, Donald Stratton, passed away after spending years working to gain recognition for the hero who saved ...
  • The America First Committee and Pearl Harbor On September 4, 1940, as tensions between the United States and the Empire of Japan mounted, the America First Committee was formed. Led by Yale Law student R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., future US president Gerald Ford, future Peace Corps. Director Sargent Shriver, and future United States Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart, the America First Committee ...
  • After the Fighting – Operation Magic Carpet As the summer of 1945 drew to a close, Americans were rejoicing as news of the victory in the Pacific swept across the nation. After nearly four years of brutal fighting, the men and women of the United States military were ready to put an end to the war effort and get back to a ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Vega Commissioned into service in the US Navy on December 21, 1921, the Sirius-class cargo ship USS Vega (AK-17) was originally launched as a Type 1022 civilian freighter named SS Lebanon. From 1921 to 1924, she was part of the Naval Transportation Service from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The cargo ship performed six round-trip voyages out of San ...
  • Pearl Harbor Sites in Chronological Order Pearl Harbor tours are planned out with predetermined itineraries based on each site’s location rather than a historical timeline. If you consider the Pearl Harbor sites in chronological order, each one has its place in the timeline of the Pearl Harbor attack and the history of World War II and beyond. The Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, ...
  • A Complete Guide to Pearl Harbor Tours To get the most of your time at Pearl Harbor, an organized tour is highly recommended. It’s the most efficient way to explore the history of December 7, 1941. To help you prepare for your visit, we’ve compiled this definitive guide to Pearl Harbor tours that covers what there is to see, which tours include ...
  • Seven Pearl Harbor Survivors Lost in January, 2020 Every year, as we get further in time from the events of December 7, 1941, we must bid farewell to an ever-increasing number of the heroes who lived through that day. Sadly, seven veterans of the attack on Pearl Harbor have passed on in the first weeks of the new year. These are the Pearl ...
  • New Ships To Bear the Names Arizona and Oklahoma It’s been over 75 years since a US Navy ship named USS Arizona or USS Oklahoma was in service. After being destroyed during the Pearl Harbor attack on December 7, 1941, the two battleships that bore those names were never returned to service. USS Arizona (BB-39) still sits on the bottom of Pearl Harbor where she ...
  • New Aircraft Carrier To Be Named for Doris Miller Many of the heroes of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor have been honored with medals and citations. Some have even had US Navy ships named in their honor. One notable figure from the attack, however, is receiving an unprecedented honor. According to Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modly, the United States ...
  • Preserving the Museum Ships of Pearl Harbor The Battleship Missouri and Bowfin submarine are each more than 75 years old. The War in the Pacific put plenty of wear on each vessel, yet when visitors gaze up at these historic beauties, they don’t see aging warships. Bowfin and Missouri may not look like they were just launched yesterday, but these Pearl Harbor ...
  • Why a Pearl Harbor Tour Provides the Most Information There are many reasons to visit Pearl Harbor. At the top on the list is to pay respects to the more than 2,400 brave Americans who died in the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack. Also high on the list is to become better educated about the events of that tragic morning. There are also many ...
  • USS California Survivor Robert Boulton Remembers December 7, 1941 [Editor’s note: The following are the recollections of USS California survivor Robert Boulton. We are reproducing them exactly as written. Please be advised that some of the descriptions are graphic, and reflect the horrors of the events of December 7, 1941 and the days that followed. We are extremely grateful to Mr. Boulton and his ...
  • Battleship Missouri Marked a Major Milestone On December 28, 2019, the Battleship Missouri marked a major milestone as she welcomed her nine-millionth visitor, a number that shows just how popular Pearl Harbor Historic Sites are. The history of USS Missouri (BB-63) begins not with the attack on Pearl Harbor, but later in the course of the War in the Pacific, when ...
  • Legacy of a Pearl Harbor Survivor Published One of the best routes to understanding the attack on Pearl Harbor is through the words of those who lived through it. On the 78th anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack, survivor Will Lehner published his personal account of the tragic events that unfolded on December 7, 1941, in a memoir titled Legacy of a Pearl ...
  • In Memoriam: Pearl Harbor Survivors Lost in 2019 As the years move us ever further from the events of December 7, 1941, we find ourselves bidding farewell to more and more of the men who lived through the horrors of that day. The following is a list of the Pearl Harbor survivors lost in 2019. Robert M. Bishop August 22, 2019 Bishop served aboard USS Tennessee (BB-43) ...
  • Discoveries of R/V Petrel in 2019 2019 was a very active year for the Research Vessel Petrel. An ambitious project launched by Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft, Petrel has continued to search the deep waters of the Pacific even after Allen’s death in October of 2018. Since 2015, R/V Petrel has made many amazing discoveries, including some of the major American and ...
  • Pearl Harbor Souvenirs Everybody loves to bring home keepsakes when they travel. When it comes to Pearl Harbor, souvenirs allow you to remember the experience of visiting this important historic site. The question is, will you have time for shopping during a Pearl Harbor tour? There are several gift shops—as well as a well-stocked book store—offering a wide ...
  • Fitting a Pearl Harbor Tour in to Your Schedule It’s not easy finding time for everything you want to do during your Oahu vacation. With so much to do on the island in the limited time available—from adventures through dense forestry to the beauty of miles of golden beaches—you may have to pass on one or two experiences. A visit to Pearl Harbor, however, ...
  • Unprepared for Attack: December 7, 1941 The element of surprise leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor was the core reason why the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service was able to inflict so much destruction without suffering significant losses of their own. Unaware of what was hurtling toward them, the sailors, Marines, and soldiers stationed at Pearl Harbor and around ...
  • USS Arizona Survivor Lou Conter Returns In 2018, the Pearl Harbor anniversary commemoration took place with something missing. It was the first year that no survivors of the USS Arizona (BB-39) attended the Oahu ceremony. All well into their 90s, the survivors weren’t physically able to cross the Pacific to join in the remembrance of the men with whom they served ...
  • Why Tours Don’t Stop at Punchbowl Cemetery Pearl Harbor tours are a convenient way to explore the history of December 7, 1941. That’s part of what makes them so popular. Most tours of Pearl Harbor also include a driving tour through historic downtown Honolulu, where you can see Iolani Palace and the Hawaii State Capitol, as well as make a stop at ...
  • Common Myths About Pearl Harbor Tours During your research while deciding among the different Pearl Harbor tours, you may come across quite a few opinions about participating in tours in and why you’re better off going solo. Some travelers may not like tours in general, and can be pretty vocal about their feelings online. Others spread second- and third-hand information that ...
  • How Accurate Is the New Midway Movie? When you immerse yourself in history, it becomes clear how important it is for the theatrical movies that  claim to depict real events to be as accurate as possible. While Hollywood often takes shortcuts to fit within a two-hour run-time, it shouldn’t omit or change key moments if the film is intended to come across ...
  • Missing Submarine USS Grayback Located Over the course of the Pacific War, the Imperial Japanese Navy and the United States Navy engaged in many deadly encounters. Scattered throughout the Pacific Theater are the sunken remains of ships that didn’t survive the engagements. In recent years, several projects have made it their mission to locate these wrecks. One of the most ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor George Hursey Dies at 98 As we move ever further away in time from the events of December 7, 1941, we continue to bid farewell to the brave men and women who lived through the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor. Their first-hand accounts of the Japanese attack have been invaluable, but the passage of time makes the loss of these ...
  • The Battleship That Never Was As tensions rose across the Pacific in the run-up to the outbreak of war, the Imperial Japanese Navy tried to intimidate the United States with the massive Yamato-class battleship. Little was known about the new class of battleship, though it was rumored to have battery configurations that violated the Second London Naval Treaty, which Japan ...
  • Lauren Bruner Last to Join Shipmates on USS Arizona In the years following the sinking of USS Arizona (BB-39) and the building of the USS Arizona Memorial, 43 former crewmen who survived the events of December 7, 1941 have chosen the sunken vessel as their final resting place. As the nation commemorates the 78th anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack in December 2019, Lauren ...
  • Technology of R/V Petrel Aids in Major Discoveries If you’ve been following the many discoveries of the R/V Petrel expeditions, you likely have given some thought to the type of equipment used by the pioneering researchers. Founded—and funded—by the late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, Petrel has been able to invest in high-tech equipment that allows the team to see the ocean floor in ways ...
  • Best—and Worst—Days to Visit Pearl Harbor If you’re among the thousands of people planning a trip to Hawaii over the holiday season, you’re also probably starting to think about tours and activities while you’re here, including a visit to Pearl Harbor. Looking at the days you have available and matching them with the activities you want to book, it’s helpful to ...
  • World War II Aircraft: B-29 Superfortress B-29 Superfortress: Born of Necessity The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 forced the United States into  military conflict with a powerful and bold opponent. The forces of Imperial Japan attacked the naval base on the island of Oahu in an attempt to cripple the Pacific Fleet. To answer this challenge, the Americans needed ...
  • Another Honor for Pearl Harbor Hero Kenneth Taylor On October 26, 2019, a man who became a hero on December 7, 1941 was again recognized for his bravery and selflessness in the face of the ferocious Japanese assault. Second Lieutenant Kenneth Taylor succeeded in doing what the attackers had hoped would be an impossible feat: taking to the skies to fight back. For ...
  • Participant in Iwo Jima Photo Identified American history is constantly being revised as new information and technologies emerge. As time goes on, and those who were present for some of the most historic moments pass away, we’re left with questions where factual information should be. One of these moments is the taking of the iconic image of six men raising the American ...
  • Should I Visit Pearl Harbor on December 7? Each year on December 7, the nation remembers the brave servicemen who lost their lives during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and other military targets on Oahu. The more than 2,400 Americans killed on that long-ago Sunday morning are commemorated through ceremonies held across the country and at the site of the devastating attack ...
  • Last-Minute Pearl Harbor Tours Planning a vacation can be difficult. There are so many moving parts to make fit together. Flights, ground transportation, accommodations. That’s why, try as you might to get everything done ahead of time, you may realize you overlooked a few details – like booking your Pearl Harbor tour. Maybe it wasn’t exactly an oversight, and ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivors Tell Their Stories Before embarking on a Pearl Harbor tour, it’s a great idea to get some background about the December 7, 1941 attack. First-hand accounts are the best way to get a feel for the events of that fateful day and the war that followed, but the number of Pearl Harbor survivors is dwindling all the time. ...
  • Pearl Harbor Hosts Gala Midway Movie Screening It was the turning point of the War in the Pacific for the United States Navy, following the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. In late 2019, the Battle of Midway is being commemorated in a lavish Hollywood production directed by Roland Emmerich. Special guests will get a sneak peek of the new ...
  • Will USS Arizona Ever Be Raised? On December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor, on the island of Oahu, was the site of a surprise attack that resulted in the loss of more than 2,400 lives. The primary targets of the Imperial Japanese Navy were the battleships moored along Battleship Row. Among them was USS Arizona (BB-39). The mighty warship suffered severe damage ...
  • Tips for Your Inter-Island Pearl Harbor Tour If you’re staying on a Hawaiian island other than Oahu and want to visit Pearl Harbor; trying to coordinate flights and tours might at first glance seem like too much of a hassle to even attempt. In fact, we make it really simple. Regardless of whether you’re staying on Maui, Kauai, or the Big Island ...
  • Wai Momi: Pearl Harbor and the Native Hawaiians Most people associate the name Pearl Harbor with one event – the surprise attack by the Japanese that drew America into World War II. December 7, 1941, certainly became “a date which will live in infamy,” as President Roosevelt predicted. But what most people don’t consider is that Pearl Harbor existed long before that fateful ...
  • Best Pearl Harbor Tours for Shutterbugs For any photography buff,  knowing how and where to get the best shots is vital, and the Pearl Harbor National Memorial is no exception. There is so much to see (and photograph) here. So, what are the best Pearl Harbor tours for shutterbugs? When booking your Pearl Harbor tour, any of these options will help you ...
  • Three Events That Altered the Course of the War At the start of the War in the Pacific, the United States had suffered devastating defeats that made it seem as if the Empire of Japan could conquer the Pacific. Still reeling from the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, the Americans and their allies had a long way to go before they could ...
  • How Battleships Were Named When learning about the ships that were at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, you may start to wonder about some of their names. For example, you might be thinking about how battleships were named. The history of the US Navy goes back more than 200 years, and in that time, many vessels have come ...
  • Last Chapter of the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association Disbands The last chapter of the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association held its final meeting in September, 2019, marking the official end of the historic association. Carnation Chapter 3 in La Mesa, CA hosted its last meeting after the passing of Navy Capt. Jack Evans left the organization without a vice president. The chapter’s president, Stuart Hedley, ...
  • Why Pay for a Pearl Harbor Tour? One of the first pieces of information about visiting Pearl Harbor you’re likely to come across is that tickets for the Pearl Harbor National Memorial, including the USS Arizona Memorial program, are free. Which brings up the very reasonable question, “Why pay for a Pearl Harbor tour?” Actually, there are several good reasons. Let’s take a ...
  • Beyond Pearl Harbor – Other Sights on Tour All Pearl Harbor tours include the USS Arizona Memorial program, and many add in some or all of the other attractions there. But what about after you’ve seen the Pearl Harbor sites included in your tour? Is there more to see on the return to Waikiki? Actually, there are four unique and fascinating sights beyond Pearl ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS St. Louis USS St. Louis (CL-49), a Brooklyn-class light cruiser, was launched on April 15, 1938 and commissioned into the US Navy on May 19, 1939. She was the fifth ship of the Navy to bear the name of the Midwestern city. After her initial shakedown, completed in October of 1939, USS St. Louis began operating in the Atlantic, ...
  • USS Arizona Survivor Lauren Bruner Dies at 98 More than 75 years ago, thousands of men—some of them still in their teens—put their lives on the line when the Imperial Japanese Navy launched its attack on Pearl Harbor. Among them was Lauren Bruner, who was serving aboard USS Arizona (BB-39) when the mighty battleship exploded and sank after being hit by armor-piercing bombs. ...
  • Your Time Aboard the USS Arizona Memorial For many travelers to Oahu, visiting Pearl Harbor is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. Even if you’re not a big history buff, it’s still a place of great significance. Now that the repairs and maintenance have been completed, we’ve come up with some tips on how to get the most out of your time aboard the USS ...
  • Considerations When Choosing a Pearl Harbor Tour Pearl Harbor tours come in all shapes and sizes. Some take under five hours, others can run upwards of 11. There are those that visit every attraction and those that take you beyond Pearl Harbor to other sites around Oahu. When it comes to choosing a Pearl Harbor tour, your options are virtually limitless. There ...
  • Visitors Return to the USS Arizona Memorial After a period of repairs that lasted 15 months, visitors to Pearl Harbor will finally be able to return to the USS Arizona Memorial, beginning on September 1, 2019. The serene white structure anchored above the wreckage of the sunken battleship USS Arizona (BB-39) is an integral part of the Pearl Harbor National Memorial. Access ...
  • USS Arizona Memorial Reopens to Visitors Undergoing critical repairs since May of 2018, the USS Arizona Memorial has been closed to the public. Beginning on September 1, 2019, visitors will once again be able to board the beautiful and newly renovated structure in Pearl Harbor. Discovery of Damage On May 6, 2018, the USS Arizona Memorial was shut down after personnel from a ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: John Finn The Medal of Honor isn’t an award given without careful thought and consideration, so those who are chosen to receive it are known for having gone above and beyond the call of duty. In 1942, a US Navy Chief Petty Officer named John Finn became the first serviceman to be awarded the Medal of Honor ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Chew On January 2, 1918, the keel of a future Wickes-class destroyer was laid down at the Union Iron Works shipyards in San Francisco. She was one of 111 of that class of destroyers built between 1917 and 1919, at the tail end of World War I and the year after it ended. On May 26, ...
  • What Is Victory Disease? Looking at the actions of the Japanese military during the early phases of the War in the Pacific, it’s reasonable to believe that they may have gotten overzealous with their expansion across the ocean. In fact, it was Japan’s actions during World War II that spawned the term “Victory Disease.” What Is It? The term Victory Disease ...
  • Can I Extend My Passport to Pearl Harbor? You’ve decided to visit Pearl Harbor on your own, so you purchased the Passport to Pearl Harbor. Perhaps you got a later start to the day than you anticipated, or maybe you just like to really take your time to explore everything in depth. For whatever reason, there is a possibility you might not make ...
  • Veterans Day at Pearl Harbor Every year on November 11th, the United States comes together to honor the men and women who served in the nation’s various branches of the military. Young and old are thanked for their service to the nation—including those still living from the Second World War—are recognized on this annual holiday. For Veterans Day, you may ...
  • Fallen USS Oklahoma Twins Identified On August 10, 2019, a pair of twin brothers who served and died aboard USS Oklahoma (BB-37) were laid to rest with military honors. The services were held, one after the other, to honor two fallen heroes of the Pearl Harbor attack whose remains had rested in mass graves for years after the war ended. USS ...
  • 5 Pearl Harbor “Tours” To Avoid For most people, coming to Oahu to visit Pearl Harbor is something that requires a lot of planning. It’s also not cheap. The flights tend to be long and costly; preparations and packing can be time consuming; and scrolling through dozens of different tour options can feel like a full-time job. Given all that, you ...
  • USS Arizona Survivor Lonnie Cook Dies at 98 On July 31, 2019, the United States lost one of the few remaining survivors of the December 7, 1941 attack on USS Arizona (BB-39). Lonnie Cook, a native of Morris, OK, was 98 years old. Lonnie Cook at Pearl Harbor At the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, Lonnie Cook was serving aboard USS Arizona as a ...
  • Budget-Friendly Pearl Harbor Tours For many people, making—and sticking to—a budget is a factor in everything from planning a trip to the grocery store trip to deciding on details of a Hawaii vacation. Pearl Harbor is a must-see destination, and there are options to fit nearly every pocketbook. Here’s a look at some of the more budget-friendly Pearl Harbor ...
  • Dissecting Roosevelt’s “Day of Infamy” Speech On Monday, December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared before a joint session of the United States Congress to discuss the events that unfolded at Pearl Harbor the previous day. His address, known as the “Day of Infamy” speech, was brilliant and passionate, and would go down as one of the most important speeches ...
  • More Reasons To Book a Pearl Harbor Tour We all have reasons for doing the things we do. When it comes to visiting Pearl Harbor, chances are you’re doing so for the sake of experiencing an important piece of American history. Maybe you have a link to the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, a relative who experienced the devastating events of ...
  • How Long Do Pearl Harbor Tours Last? You’ve booked your flights to Hawaii. Got a great deal on a hotel. Now it’s time to plan your activities while you’re here. Whether it’s your first time to the islands or your tenth, one destination that’s not to be missed is Pearl Harbor. You know there’s a lot to see there, and you may ...
  • Pearl Harbor Tours from Ko Olina When you start comparing the various official Pearl Harbor tours, you’re going to find that most of them originate in Waikiki. This makes sense, since the majority of hotels are concentrated there. But what if you’re among the growing number of visitors who look west for their accommodations? For them, we offer a collection of ...
  • The USS Arizona Memorial Program One of the first things you hear about in any discussion of a visit to Pearl Harbor is the USS Arizona Memorial program. But what exactly is it? You probably already know that the USS Arizona Memorial is a structure anchored directly above the sunken wreckage of a US Navy battleship that exploded and sank ...
  • Pearl Harbor Tour Pick-up Options If you rent a car, then Pearl Harbor is easily accessible no matter where you’re staying on Oahu. On-site parking makes it convenient to just pull up, find a spot, and make your way into the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. The downside? You miss out on all of the advantages that come with a Pearl ...
  • The US Navy Pearl Harbor Shuttle Boats Standing on the shoreline at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, you see that you’re separated from the USS Arizona Memorial by a stretch of water. Though you know that the memorial is included in your Pearl Harbor tour, you might be wondering how you’re going to get to it. Then you see the white Pearl ...
  • Who Was Admiral Clarey? Ford Island, in the middle of Pearl Harbor, is the location of several Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. Today, it’s connected to the rest of Oahu by a floating pontoon bridge known as the Admiral Clarey Bridge. Bernard Ambrose Clarey may not be a household name, but he was one of the US Navy’s most decorated officers. ...
  • The USS Arizona Memorial Documentary Before embarking on the US Navy shuttle boat across the waters of Pearl Harbor to the USS Arizona Memorial, visitors to the Pearl Harbor National Memorial are ushered into a small theater across from the main exhibit galleries. In the Pearl Harbor Memorial Theater a brief, but intense, film is screened. This documentary tells the ...
  • Cassin Young – Pearl Harbor Hero Cassin Young was already an American hero when his life was tragically cut short during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. Just under a year earlier, on the morning of December 7, 1941, the 47-year-old captain was stationed at Pearl Harbor when the Imperial Japanese Navy launched their devastating attack. Early Years Born in Washington, DC in 1894, ...
  • Pearl Harbor: What’s Not Included? These days, it seems safe to assume that there are always hidden costs. Book a hotel room, and you can be sure you’ll be hit with a “resort fee.” Purchase concert tickets online, and the price will jump thanks to “convenience fees.” When you plan for something and have a price in front of you, ...
  • Booking Your Pearl Harbor Tour: Easy as 1, 2, 3! Your Hawaiian vacation is already booked. Now it’s time to get into the details, such as how you’re going to spend your days. There’s no doubt that a tour of Pearl Harbor is among the many things you want to do, but just how complicated is the process of booking your Pearl Harbor Tour? Once you’ve ...
  • Popular Pearl Harbor Tours for 2019 Knowing which Pearl Harbor tours are the most popular isn’t about following the herd. There’s a reason some tours attract more guests than others. There are many great tours of Pearl Harbor, and knowing which ones people tend to flock to can help you decide which is right for you. When you’re ready to book your ...
  • Pearl Harbor Health and Safety Tips As you’re preparing for your trip to Pearl Harbor and the excitement and anticipation build, you’ll probably find yourself making a lot of mental checklists. For an experience this important—and one that you may not get another opportunity to enjoy—you’ll want to make notes of everything you need to bring (remember: no bags are allowed ...
  • What Time Should I Arrive at Pearl Harbor? There are a number reasons why you may not want to embark on an official Pearl Harbor tour. Maybe you don’t want to be tied to a schedule, or you want the freedom to go somewhere besides back to your hotel after your time at Pearl Harbor. You might just want to customize your itinerary ...
  • Can I Cancel My Pearl Harbor Tour? We get it. Life likes to throw curveballs at us every so often, making it impossible to follow through on plans we made for the one thing we were really looking forward to. When you booked your Pearl Harbor tour, every element of your Hawaiian vacation was expected to go smoothly and at no point did ...
  • Do Any Pearl Harbor Tours Visit Iolani Palace? There is so much history on the island of Oahu and in many instances, you’ll be able to explore much of it when you embark on a tour of Pearl Harbor. The naval base, which was the site of the December 7, 1941 attack that drew the United States into World War II, is loaded ...
  • The Civilian Pearl Harbor Hero When George Walters reported for work on the morning of December 7, 1941, there was no way he could have been prepared for the dramatic turn his day would soon take. Walters wasn’t a trained member of the military like many of those with whom he worked. He was a civilian working a living as ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Blue Just over six years before the Imperial Japanese Navy launched its devastating attack on Pearl Harbor, USS Blue (DD-387), a Bagley-class destroyer, was laid down at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. She was launched in May of 1937 and was commissioned into service on August 14, 1937, becoming the first ship of the United States Navy ...
  • Pearl Harbor Tours: Three Items Not To Forget No matter what activities and tours you take part in during your Hawaiian vacation, whenever you leave the hotel you’re going to do that classic move of checking to make sure you remembered everything. There are some activities and adventures you embark on that will require you to bring nothing more than your shining smile, ...
  • What To Read and Watch Before Visiting Pearl Harbor Though the attack on Pearl Harbor only lasted about two hours, the number of books and other writings, TV shows, and movies about the events of December 7, 1941 is extensive and varied. The experiences of a sailor who just barely survived the sinking of USS Oklahoma will be vastly different from those of the men ...
  • Book Your Summer Pearl Harbor Tour ASAP Everyone has different times of the year when they’re able to get away for a trip to the Hawaiian Island of Oahu. One of the best things about the islands is that there really isn’t a bad time to go. That’s not to say, however, that there isn’t a busy season, because actually there are ...
  • What If Japan Hadn’t Attacked Pearl Harbor? December 7th, 1941. Just before 0800 that Sunday morning, an aerial striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise assault on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. The attack was a preemptive maneuver to cripple the US Navy’s Pacific Fleet, a major naval force in the Pacific that the Japanese feared would ...
  • Pearl Harbor Tours for Late Risers Not everyone relishes the idea of getting up at the crack of dawn, no matter how good the reason may be. Even if it’s an opportunity to explore an important piece of American history, the notion of waking up—while on vacation, no less—to catch a 6:00 AM tour is just not their cup of tea. ...
  • Navy Ships Named for Pearl Harbor Heroes On December 7, 1941, the United States was attacked by forces of the Imperial Japanese Navy. More than 2,400 Americans were killed during the raid and a legacy was born. Part of that legacy, commemorated annually on the anniversary of the attack, are the servicemen who lost their lives that morning. All of those men ...
  • The USS Arizona Memorial Is Closed. Now What? In a perfect world, we would never have to worry about site closures and inclement weather. Unfortunately, these are things that we occasionally do have to deal with. It can feel especially disappointing to arrive at a place like Pearl Harbor and find  the USS Arizona Memorial closed. Unlike the other exhibits and memorials at ...
  • Wounded Veterans Dive In at Pearl Harbor Formed through a partnership of the Pacific Historic Parks and the National Park Service, the Wounded Veterans in Parks program is all about the heroic individuals for whom it provides a unique opportunity. Wounded Veterans in Parks is an innovative means of giving wounded United States military veterans an opportunity to once again serve their ...
  • Do I Need To Tip My Pearl Harbor Guide? The topic of tipping can be a minefield, especially when you’re on vacation. It can be difficult to know when you’re expected to tip, not to mention how much. We’re not talking about when you go out to eat, but rather you go on tours. What about tipping at Pearl Harbor? Read on! First things first. ...
  • A Brush with the Enemy On the morning of December 7, 1941, an attacking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise assault on the Oahu naval base of Pearl Harbor. Those stationed at Pearl Harbor and around Oahu had no indication that the attack was coming and never actually saw the fleet responsible for ferrying the more than ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Tern Launched in March 1919 and commissioned into service on May 17 of the same year, the Lapwing-class minesweeper USS Tern (AM-31) was first assigned to Train Squadron 2 of the Fleet Base Force, at the US Navy installation at Pearl Harbor. After several years operating in Hawaiian waters, the squadron was assigned to San Diego, ...
  • Can I Visit Punchbowl Cemetery? During a visit to Pearl Harbor, there’s no shortage of opportunities to memorialize and honor the over 2400 Americans who died on December 7, 1941. From the USS Arizona Memorial program, which is included in all Pearl Harbor tours, to the USS Oklahoma Memorial, you can stop to salute the heroes of the nation. But ...
  • What Is the Pearl Harbor Memorial Theater? When you go on a Pearl Harbor tour, you see some of the most iconic locations on the island of Oahu. From the USS Arizona Memorial to the Pearl Harbor Aviation Museum, there’s no shortage of history to explore. As you explore the itinerary for your day, you may notice mention of the Pearl Harbor ...
  • The Most Worry-Free Pearl Harbor Tour When you book a tour or other adventure in Hawaii, it’s easy to find yourself overwhelmed by details. What about food? How are you going to get to your destination? Will you get to see and do everything you want? These questions can be especially important when you’re considering the different Pearl Harbor tour options. ...
  • The Brothers of USS Oklahoma During the 1930s and early ’40s, with jobs scarce and tensions rising in Europe and the Pacific, many Americans turned to military service. At the time, it wasn’t uncommon for family members who had enlisted together to wind up serving in the same unit, and sometimes aboard the same ship. This sometimes led to tragedy, ...
  • The Admiral Clarey Bridge From the moment you arrive at Pearl Harbor and step through the main entrance into the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, you’ll find that there is much to take in. There is one, however, that may not immediately grab your attention despite being a vital piece of your Pearl Harbor experience: the Admiral Clarey Bridge. The bridge ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS USS Macdonough The keel of the destroyer that would become known as USS Macdonough (DD-351) was laid down at the Boston Navy Yard in May of 1933, eight years before the outbreak of World War II in the Pacific. Construction on the new Farragut-class destroyer was completed in August of the following year, and she was commissioned into ...
  • What Does it Mean When a Ship is Listing? Understanding the events of December 7, 1941 doesn’t require you to be an expert in naval or technical terminology. The memorials, museums, and other attractions provide a historical overview of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the things you need to know, such as the names and fates of the many ships that were there ...
  • Hands-On with History We all absorb information in different ways. Some can read through pages of textbooks and come away with a wealth of new knowledge. Others may require visual or audio aids. Then there are those who respond best to interactive exhibits and displays. The ability to get hands-on with history is an effective means of becoming ...
  • Wreckage of USS Wasp Located In the month of February, 2019 alone, the expedition organized by the late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen found the wreckage of three World War II warships at the bottom of the Pacific ocean. In 2018, they had found more than half-a-dozen, while 2017 proved fruitful with five discoveries. In mid-March, 2019, Research Vessel Petrel added yet another ...
  • Is Pearl Harbor Worth a Repeat Visit? There are many places around the world that honestly aren’t worth putting the time, money, and effort into seeing more than one time. Then there are those that absolutely warrant a second, third, or fourth visit. If you’ve already been to Pearl Harbor, you may be asking yourself whether it’s worth visiting again. You’ve paid ...
  • Restoring the Battleship Row Mooring Quays When the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument was created in 2008, it included an often overlooked, albeit hard to miss, piece of Pearl Harbor history. Located along the southeast side of Ford Island in what was known as Battleship Row sit three concrete structures known as mooring quays. Designated as Mooring ...
  • Pearl Harbor Welcomes USS Zumwalt More than 77 years ago, the American naval base at Pearl Harbor was the site of a devastating surprise attack that launched the United States into World War II. In the years since, parts of Pearl Harbor have been dedicated as a national memorial while the rest has remained an active naval base. Pearl Harbor ...
  • The Heroism of YG-17 at Pearl Harbor Naval ship categories often have names that sound important to wartime efforts. Destroyers, aircraft carriers, battleships, minelayers – they’re all very clearly involved in some form of naval combat. Some, however, aren’t so obvious. What, for example, are garbage lighters, and how could they render assistance during a devastating attack such as that which was ...
  • George Murray Turns 100 On March 31, 2019, George Murray, a survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor, celebrated his 100th birthday surrounded by his wife of 72 years, four daughters, 10 grandchildren, and other relatives for a private celebration of the milestone. The Fort Worth resident was 22 years old when he was thrust into the chaos of Pearl ...
  • Pearl Harbor Tours from the Neighbor Islands If you’re staying on Maui, Kauai, or the Big Island of Hawaii, you may be wondering whether you’ll be able to fit a visit to Pearl Harbor into your vacation. The answer is yes, but before you jump headfirst into booking a flight to Oahu for your Pearl Harbor tour, take a look at the ...
  • Pearl Harbor and Circle Island Combo Tour Not everyone can take more than a few days off to enjoy the Hawaiian Islands. Most of us are at the mercy of jobs and other responsibilities that keep us tethered close to our home base. With available time at a premium, it can be tricky to try and fit as much as possible into ...
  • USS Oklahoma Survivor Celebrates 101st Birthday Each passing year brings the loss of more and more survivors of the Pearl Harbor attack, so when one of these heroes celebrates a birthday, it’s cause for celebration. One of these survivors is Colorado resident Bernie Weber, who celebrated his 101st birthday on March 21, 2019. It’s impossible to overstate the importance of Weber’s place ...
  • Advantages of the Passport to Pearl Harbor Are guided tours always the best way to visit Pearl Harbor? If you’re coming all the way to Oahu to visit Pearl Harbor, you’re going to want to get the most out of your time there, and tours are very good at keeping you on track to see everything you signed up for. But what about ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Cachalot The submarine USS Cachalot (SS-170) was laid down at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in October of 1931, the eighth of nine so-called V-boats to be produced for the United States Navy. The vessel—which was named for the sperm whale—was launched exactly two years later. Just over a month after completion, Cachalot was commissioned into service ...
  • Pearl Harbor Aviation Museum Curator Passes Away Arising from the devastation of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, there grew a sense of community around those involved in the deadly assault. In the aftermath of World War II, that community grew even larger, to encompass many others who recognized the importance of memorializing and remembering the history of that day. ...
  • Pearl Harbor Sites Get a New Name Since 2008, many of the Pearl Harbor memorials and exhibits have been administered by the US National Park Service under the blanket of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. Then-President George W. Bush issued an executive order, creating a new monument that encompassed multiple sites across three states. In addition to ...
  • Iwo Jima: The Story Behind the Iconic Photo From February 19 to March 26, 1945, American and Japanese forces were locked in a grueling and bloody battle on the island of Iwo Jima. Taking the island would be a strategic victory for the United States that would put the nation’s military in even closer range than when troops captured the island of Saipan. ...
  • Wreckage of USS Strong Located Paul Allen passed away in 2018, but the expedition team he once spearheaded is still going strong, carrying on his legacy of uncovering important pieces of history in the Pacific. In the first few months of 2019 alone, the ship he sponsored, R/V Petrel, uncovered the first Japanese battleship sunk by the United States in ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Schley USS Schley (DD-103) was laid down on October 29, 1917. The new Wickes-class destroyer was equipped like other destroyers of the time: with an arsenal that would make her a formidable presence on the high seas. USS Schley was commissioned into service on September 20, 1918. As this was the tail end of World War ...
  • Advantages of a Pearl Harbor Tour Picture it. You wake up one morning during your Hawaiian getaway and decide you want to see what Pearl Harbor has to offer. You’ve heard so much about it and know it frequently comes up as a “must-see” experience for everyone visiting Oahu. You roll out of bed just past 10:00 AM, still aching from your ...
  • Closing In: The Battle of Saipan From the moment the United States decimated the Imperial Japanese Navy at the Battle of Midway, every decision was crucial. The war had reached a turning point and one wrong move could put victory back in reach for Japan. Even in the summer of 1944, as the war entered its last year, victory wasn’t guaranteed ...
  • The Best Way To Get to Pearl Harbor Whenever you’re travelling out of town, one of the most pressing issues is how to get around your destination. For example, you’re traveling to Oahu and need to find transportation for your visit to Pearl Harbor. You’re probably wondering if some options are better than others, and with so many to choose from, it’s a ...
  • An Unexpected Aviation Milestone When Japan bombed the American Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, it set into motion a chain of events that changed the course of history. One immediate impact was on the commercial aviation industry, which was still in its infancy. A major milestone in commercial aviation was inadvertently achieved by the crew of Pan American Airways’ ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor “Uncle Al” Rodrigues Dies at 99 Kauai native Alfred B. Rodrigues, Sr., known to everyone he met as “Uncle Al,” passed away on February 24, 2019. The 99-year-old World War II veteran and Pearl Harbor survivor was a husband, father, grandfather, and great grandfather who was always eager to share his story, ensuring it would continue to be passed down even after ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Ramsay USS Ramsay (DD-124) was laid down as a Wickes-class destroyer at Newport News, VA in December of 1917, and launched on June 8, 1918. She was commissioned into service in the US Navy on February 15, 1919, under the command of Cmdr H. H. Norton. Early Service of USS Ramsay Laid down and launched during the final months ...
  • The Only Mission of USS Liscome Bay On December 9, 1942, just over a year after the United States suffered the attack on Pearl Harbor, the keel of a new Casablanca–class escort carrier was laid down at the Kaiser Shipbuilding Company in Vancouver, WA. Launched in June of 1943, the new ship was christened USS Liscome Bay (CVE-56), and commissioned into the U ...
  • Hawaiian Oysters Return to Pearl Harbor Scientists at the University of Hawaii–Manoa, the United States Navy, and Oahu Waterkeeper have joined forces in an effort to clean up Pearl Harbor. Not the memorials and exhibits that thousands of people visit daily, preserving the memory of December 7, 1941, but the waters ton which the naval base sits. Keeping the waters of ...
  • Wreckage of USS Hornet Located On October 26, 1942, during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, the aircraft carrier USS Hornet (CV-8) was lost to the Pacific. In January of 2019, just a week after confirming the discovery of the first Japanese battleship sunk in World War II, the crew of the Research Vessel Petrel announced the discovery of the historic ...
  • Pearl Harbor Heroes: Herbert C. Jones As we’ve learned over time, heroes come in all ages, genders, and ethnicities. The attack on Pearl Harbor illustrates this point with the innumerable people who stepped up to help their fellow Americans on December 7, 1941. Among them was 23-year-old Herbert C. Jones, a Los Angeles native who gave his life protecting his fellow ...
  • What’s Not Included with Pearl Harbor Tours Tours of historic Pearl Harbor provide access to the incredible sites and locations affected by the events of December 7, 1941. Depending on your interests and the time you have available, there is a wide variety of Pearl Harbor tours, from a brief excursion that only visits the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center and the USS ...
  • Wreckage of Japanese Battleship Hiei Located Although Paul Allen passed away in October of 2018, R/V Petrel continues its search for sunken relics of World War II. The research vessel’s most recent discovery is the wreckage of the Japanese battleship Hiei. The find is the latest of more than a dozen wrecks located by the research operation funded by the co-founder ...
  • What Is the Pearl Harbor Remembrance Circle? There are many sites and exhibits to see when you visit Pearl Harbor. From the moment you arrive at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you’re surrounded by information of the Japanese assault of December 7, 1941. In addition to the museums and exhibits of the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, one ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Patrick McIntyre Passes Away at 96 The Memphis, Tennessee area said goodbye to its last known Pearl Harbor survivor with the passing of Patrick McIntyre on January 25, 2019. At 96 years old, McIntyre was one of a dwindling number of survivors of the December 7, 1941 attack that launched the War in the Pacific. McIntyre was revered in his community ...
  • Pearl Harbor Ships Returned to Service In the wake of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, more than 2,400 American lives were lost and the US Navy suffered a terrible blow to its Pacific Fleet. Nineteen vessels suffered damage, nearly half of which were sunk or partially sunk. While USS Arizona (BB-39), USS Oklahoma (BB-37), and USS Utah (AG-16) ...
  • History’s Not Your Thing. Visit Pearl Harbor Anyway. Not everyone is an American history buff. Or any history, for that matter. World History may not have been your strongest subject and you’ve yet to spend more than five minutes watching a History Channel special. Does that mean you shouldn’t bother visiting the historic sites at Pearl Harbor when you’re visiting Hawaii? Not at ...
  • The Alamo Scouts of the Pacific Theater When the Imperial Japanese Navy struck Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, it launched an armed conflict that would lead to the creation of many specialized teams throughout the Pacific Theater. The War in the Pacific became a proving ground for men to show what they were capable of, and one shining example of that ...
  • Terms To Know: Shakedown and Overhaul Reading through military history is likely to bring up a few unfamiliar words and phrases. For instance, what does it mean when a vessel undergoes a “shakedown cruise” or an “overhaul”? Understanding terms like these helps to expand your knowledge about naval operations, which will come in handy as you read up on some of ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Phoenix Named in honor of Arizona’s capital city, the light cruiser USS Phoenix (CL-46) was launched in March of 1938 and commissioned into the US Navy on October 3. Her initial shakedown included calls at Port of Spain, Trinidad and continued to Santos, Brazil, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Montevideo, Uruguay, and San Juan, Puerto Rico. In March ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Milton Mapou Dies at 97 You may not know the name Milton Mapou, but the Central Ohio native was an American hero and a treasure to those who knew him. Mapou was present at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, when the Japanese launched their deadly attack. Since then, he’s been a link to the tragic events of that fateful ...
  • How Can I Minimize Walking at Pearl Harbor? A visit to the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument is primarily a walking experience. From the moment you arrive at the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, you’re on your feet, trekking from one exhibit to the next. This may not be ideal for all visitors, especially those with mobility issues or others ...
  • Why Don’t We Call It the “Battle of Pearl Harbor”? Reading the history books about World War II and the War in the Pacific, you’ll find chapters on the Battle of Iwo Jima, the Battle of Okinawa, the Battle of Guadalcanal. What you won’t find, however, is a “Battle of Pearl Harbor.” It’s true that the events of December 7, 1941 launched the war that ...
  • Why Take a Guided Pearl Harbor Tour? We get it. You’re the independent type. You enjoy exploring new things on your own, and the idea of sharing a new experience with strangers doesn’t appeal to you. You’re not the only one. There are many activities where you’re better left to your own devices, but when it comes to gaining a better understanding ...
  • Read Before You Go: All the Gallant Men Every Pearl Harbor survivor has a fascinating story to tell. On the morning of December 7, 1941, an aerial striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack that left more than 2,400 Americans dead. Those who survived experienced what must have been the most grueling day of their lives. Men like Donald ...
  • Jack Vaessen and USS Utah The morning of December 7, 1941 on the island of Oahu was chaos. While it’s likely that most of the sailors and Marines there knew exactly what was going on, that wasn’t the case for John “Jack” Vaessen, a ship’s electrician serving aboard the former battleship USS Utah (BB-31/AG-16). Though Utah had long since been converted ...
  • Experiencing Pearl Harbor Without Seeing It When we think of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor,we usually picture sailors scrambling on the decks to abandon ship or take up arms to fight back against the incoming Japanese bombers and fighters. It’s difficult to imagine experiencing Pearl Harbor without seeing it unfold. However, not every sailor witnessed the devastation as ...
  • In Memoriam: Pearl Harbor Survivors We Lost in 2018 Each year, the number of living survivors of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor grows smaller and smaller, making it more important than ever to hear and share their stories. The United States bid farewell to the following servicemen in 2018: Firman J. Balza October 10, 2018 Firman Balza, another Wisconsin native, served aboard USS Maryland (BB-46). ...
  • Organizing Your Visit to Pearl Harbor You’re coming to Hawaii, and near the top of your list of things to do while you’re here is a visit to Pearl Harbor. There’s a lot to see at the historic naval base, so it’s a good idea to plan out the day so you get the most out of your time there. Where will ...
  • The First American Casualty of Pearl Harbor The first casualties of the attack on Pearl Harbor happened a couple of hours before the Imperial Japanese Navy launched their surprise assault. The US Navy destroyer USS Ward (DD-139) fired on a Japanese midget submarine, killing the two sailors inside. The First American Casualty of Pearl Harbor On the American side, the first loss of life ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Widgeon USS Widgeon (AM-22/ASR-1) was laid down in October of 1917 and commissioned into service on July 27, 1918, just four months before the end of World War I. The new minesweeper was thrust into the First World War almost immediately after commissioning. Widgeon served in the Atlantic Fleet’s Minesweeping Group 2 during the final months of ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Hoga USS Hoga (YT-146) isn’t particularly well-known among the ships that were based at Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack on December 7, 1941. The much-larger battleships, with their thousands of crewmen, were the primary targets for the Imperial Japanese Navy. But Hoga was there, and she sprang into action in the midst of ...
  • USS Schley Survivor Joe White The 1930s were difficult for the United States. The Great Depression gripped the nation, causing economic worry from coast to coast. Families did what they could to survive. Even children chipped in, selling newspapers or working on farms and picking up whatever odd jobs they could find. Such was the youth of Joseph Merrel White, ...
  • December 1941: The Tide of War Turns On September 1, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland, launching the Second World War in Europe. Across the Atlantic, the United States showed no appetite for getting involved in the European conflict. For two years, the United States maintained its policy of non-intervention, although they did provide material assistance to the Allied forces facing Hitler’s armies. Then ...
  • Visiting Pearl Harbor from the Neighbor Islands When planning a vacation in Hawaii, it can be tricky, if not downright impossible, to fit in everything you want to do. You may really want to see the sunrise from the summit of Haleakala on Maui, even though you’re staying on the Big Island. In those instances, you’re generally on your own when it ...
  • Hop Aboard the Waikiki Trolley! There are many ways to get around on the beautiful island of Oahu, but the Waikiki Trolley is without a doubt the most scenic. The Waikiki Trolley operates several different lines, each one taking you to a different, must-see part of the island known as the Gathering Place. These scenic rides will get you to where ...
  • 2018 Pearl Harbor Commemorations Around the US Every year, we gather as a nation to take a moment and commemorate the lives lost during the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. It was a day that changed the nation forever, and the men and women who were there, survivors and casualties alike, became heroes we will never forget. Even 77 years ...
  • Joseph Gasper Still Going Strong at 100 Joseph Gasper survived the attack on Pearl Harbor, though for a few terrible moments he wasn’t sure he would. On the morning of December 7th, 1941, Gasper was taking part in Army drills on a hill above the harbor when he spotted a fleet of unrecognizable planes bearing down. It didn’t take long for him ...
  • Oldest Pearl Harbor Survivor Has Died at 106 Ray Chavez, the oldest Pearl Harbor survivor, passed away peacefully in his sleep on November 21, 2018. He was 106. According to his daughter Kathleen Chavez, the veteran’s health had been in decline in recent weeks. Chavez, a San Diego resident, was more than just a survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor. He was a ...
  • Wartime Blackouts: From Drills to Reality Relations between the United States and Japan were quickly deteriorating. The rulers of Japan wanted to occupy more and more of China and Southeast Asia. The United States sought to prevent this expansion, but to do so meant taking actions that Japan would find unacceptably intrusive. It was no secret that Japan was displeased with ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor John Reed Dies at 96 Pearl Harbor survivor John Reed was only a week away from his 97th birthday when passed away on November 12, 2018. Reed was one of the last survivors of Pearl Harbor in Missouri, and his loss is felt throughout his community of Troy. John Reed, who’s survived by his son Mike and four grandchildren, was present ...
  • Aerial Photography During Wartime If you’ve spent much time examining photography during wartime, you’ve likely happened upon images that were clearly taken from overhead. Nowadays, that’s not a big deal. Technology has led to cameras being lightweight and compact, making it easy to snap photos no matter where you are. But think back to an earlier time, before the ...
  • The Solomon Islands Campaign Today, you don’t hear much about the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific. They’re a popular tourist destination, but otherwise they aren’t at the top of most people’s minds. During the early 1940s, though, the situation was very different. The Solomon Islands quickly became a focal point of the War in the Pacific after the ...
  • Reading Pearl Harbor: I Attacked Pearl Harbor Published in 1949, four years after the end of World War II, I Attacked Pearl Harbor is a first-hand account of the Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor, told from an unexpected perspective. There were more than just Japanese warplanes closing in on the unsuspecting battleships of the US Pacific Fleet. From the southwest, approaching the ...
  • Only 15 in 1941, Gerald Langgood Passes Away On October 29, 2018, just one day after his 92nd birthday, Gerald Langgood passed away, leaving behind a legacy that included serving during the Pearl Harbor attack when he was just 15 years old. Things were very different in the late 1930s. Boys fresh out of high school—and sometimes still attending—were eager to start a career ...
  • Royal Hawaiian Band Kicks Off 2018 Commemorations When the end of the year rolls around, many people become engrossed in the holiday season. At Pearl Harbor, however, there is an event that draws even more attention, one that is deeply rooted in American history. Every year on December 7, thousands of people have gathered to honor and remember those who lost their ...
  • Naval Terminology: Manning the Rail Every branch of the United States Military has its own traditions. For the US Navy, Manning the Rail is an old practice that has gained special meaning at Pearl Harbor. While it may not be a phrase you hear often, if at all, in everyday life, when you’re visiting Pearl Harbor, it’s possible that you ...
  • USS Nevada Survivor John Danaher Turns 100 John Danaher celebrated his 100th birthday on Saturday, October 20, 2018 surrounded by his friends and loved ones. Like any time an individual joins the club of centenarians, it was a joyous occasion marked with plenty of laughter and stories from his long and eventful life. Danaher had some very special stories to tell that ...
  • World War II Aircraft: North American T-6 Texan Despite the desperate need for pilots after the outbreak of World War II, American servicemen didn’t just undergo a few hours of on-the-ground training before being allowed to take control of actual warplanes. They needed time in the cockpit of an actual aircraft, one that was basic but still provided them with hands-on experience with ...
  • The Ceremony Marking the End of World War II September 2, 1945. More than two weeks had passed since the Japanese laid down their arms and declared they would no longer fight the Allies in the Pacific. The United States and the other Allies organized a ceremony in which Japanese representatives would sign an Instrument of Surrender, formally marking the end of World War ...
  • Who Was Pearl Harbor’s Highest-Ranking Casualty? Many names stand out when learning about the tragedy that unfolded at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Some are remembered for their bravery under fire, and a few were awarded the Medal of Honor for actions that day. One of these men was Rear Admiral  Isaac C. Kidd, Pearl Harbor’s highest-ranking casualty.   Early Career of Isaac ...
  • The Secret Japanese Plan for Biological Warfare As World War II started to draw to its inevitable conclusion, the Japanese became increasingly desperate. Japan, which had had been suffering crippling defeats, wasn’t about to go down without causing as much damage to their enemies as they could. That included making plans for a biological warfare attack that would have devastated the west ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Alvin Mays Dies at 96 More than 76 years ago, the United States suffered the loss of more than 2,400 lives on the devastating morning of December 7, 1941. From the Pearl Harbor attack there emerged people who would go on to become pillars of their communities and well-known figures. One such man was Alvin Mays. For many years, the ...
  • William S. Pye and the Fall of Wake Island In the days following the Pearl Harbor attack, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel was relieved of his post as Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet. Considering the nation was suddenly at war, his replacement would have little time to learn the role, as William S. Pye found out over the course of 14 days. On December 17, 1941, just ten ...
  • Veterans Day 2018 in Hawaii Every year on November 11, we honor the brave men and women who put their lives on the line to protect their nation. Visitors to Hawaii can take part in a number of Veterans Day events across the islands. Here are just a few ways to observe Veterans Day 2018 in Hawaii. Kauai Kapaa Veterans Day Parade Though ...
  • Studying the Effects of the Black Tears of USS Arizona Since the morning of December 7, 1941, they’ve been slowly leaking from the cracked hull of USS Arizona (BB-39), rising to create pools that float on the surface of Pearl Harbor. From the USS Arizona Memorial, visitors can see the so-called Black Tears of USS Arizona and view them as symbolism for the ship’s sorrow ...
  • Native Americans in World War II The relationship between the United States and the indigenous people of North America is a complicated one that dates back centuries. At one of the nation’s darkest hours, the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor, many Native Americans didn’t hesitate to join the US military and take part in the war that followed. An ...
  • World War II Terms to Know: Kamikaze Most of the War in the Pacific following the attack on Pearl Harbor was fought with bombs, artillery shells, and bullets. The Japanese, however, had an additional method of attacking. In circumstances when it was deemed more important to inflict damage on the enemy than return home safely, they turned to the act of self-sacrifice ...
  • The Nelsons of USS Arizona The December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor was an effort by Imperial Japan to destroy—or at the very least seriously disable—the US Navy’s Pacific Fleet. Battleships serving out of Pearl Harbor were primary targets, including the USS Arizona (BB-39). The mighty vessel was hit by four bombs, the last of which ignited her forward ...
  • Should I Cancel My Visit to Pearl Harbor If It Rains? Pearl Harbor, one of the most historically significant sites in the United States, is also located in one of the most beautiful places in the world: on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. People come from all over the world to experience history first-hand and enjoy paradise at the same time. However, even in paradise, there ...
  • Another Honor for Pearl Harbor Hero Joe George On December 7, 2017, Joe George, a man best known for his heroics during the Pearl Harbor attack that saved several sailors trapped on the USS Arizona (BB-39), was posthumously awarded a Bronze Star Medal for Valor. It was an award that was a long-time coming, hindered by the fact that George had disobeyed a ...
  • The Underwater Demolition Teams of the Pacific During the First World War, the Allies suffered great losses due to catastrophic amphibious landings, notably during the Gallipoli Campaign. The US military is always eager to learn from past mistakes, and so these landings were scrutinized in the years that followed. The mid-1930s saw testing of new landing techniques. These experiments and attempts at ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor James Bilotta Passes Away at 98 Many of the men who survived the tragic events of December 7, 1941 would spend their lives recounting the trials of not just that day, but the War in the Pacific that followed. In early September, 2018, America lost one of those men with the passing of 98-year-old James Bilotta. The Derry, NH resident was ...
  • Don’t Miss These Pearl Harbor Photo Ops When you go on a tour of Pearl Harbor and find yourself immersed in the history and surrounded by hundreds of other curious visitors, it’s very easy to feel overwhelmed. You want to see everything, experience it all, and walk away with every bit of knowledge about the attack. While absorbing all this information, it can ...
  • Tojo’s Teeth: A Dentist’s Revenge After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the devastating war that followed, many Americans wanted revenge, and some got in the most unexpected ways. One of the oddest might be the story of Tojo’s teeth. Jack Mallory, a US Navy dental prosthetics specialist, didn’t return home after the war ended. Rather, he was assigned to ...
  • The Fate of the Captured Midget Submarine HA. 19 In the early morning hours of December 7, 1941, before the Imperial Japanese Navy’s warplanes reached Pearl Harbor, another group of vessels was moving toward the Oahu naval base. One of these was the ill-fated HA. 19, a Type A Ko-hyoteki-class midget submarine. Piloted by a crew of two, Ensign Kazuo Sakamaki and Chief Warrant Officer ...
  • America’s Surprising Original Atomic Target When the use of atomic weapons first became an option during World War II, when and where to use them became the biggest questions. Though the targets eventually chosen were the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Americans had first considered other locations to be the original atomic target. A recent search of the ...
  • Francis Flaherty: Hero of USS Oklahoma On December 14, 1941, seven days after the surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, John Flaherty received a box of Christmas presents from his brother in Hawaii. At about the same time, US Navy officials were confirming that Francis Flaherty, an officer aboard USS Oklahoma (BB-37), had been killed in the attack. This was an ...
  • World War II Aircraft: Douglas C-47 Skytrain As the threat of war in the Pacific loomed, the Douglas Aircraft Company took a look at its DC-3 fixed-wing propeller-driven civilian craft and saw the opportunity for a military version of the plane. The DC-3 first flew in 1935, but it would be another six years before the military version, known as the Douglas ...
  • Terms To Know: Naval Vessel Register Learning about the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor and the war that followed, there are certain words and phrases that might not be familiar to everyone. When discussing the ships that were present that morning and what became of them, the words Naval Vessel Register usually come up. Whenever a US Navy vessel is ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Rigel Originally built as a civilian cargo ship, USS Rigel (AD-13/ARb-1/AR-11) was commissioned into the US Navy on February 24, 1922 as an Altair-class destroyer tender named for the brightest star in the Orion constellation. After refitting and shakedown, Rigel was assigned to San Diego, which would remain her home port until 1941. In April of 1941, USS Rigel was ...
  • USS Oklahoma Casualty Robert Holmes Identified During the chaos that erupted on December 7, 1941, Marine Pfc. Robert Holmes found the ship he was serving on a target of the attacking Japanese Navy’s torpedoes. The attack on Pearl Harbor lasted nearly two hours, but the battleship USS Oklahoma (BB-37) capsized and sank well before the Japanese retreated back to their carriers. ...
  • Tireless Advocate for USS Oklahoma Unknowns Has Died Ray Emory, a Pearl Harbor survivor who spent many years advocating on behalf of the men killed aboard USS Oklahoma (BB-37) whose remains were never identified, has died at the age of 97. Mr. Emory had recently moved from his long-time home in Hawaii to live with his son in Idaho. Read more about Ray Emory ...
  • Pearl Harbor Terminology: What is a Fleet Problem? Studying and understanding the attack on Pearl Harbor, the reasons behind it, and the events leading up to it can be a complicated task. It’s not simply a straightforward matter that starts on the morning of December 7, 1941 and ends two hours later. In order to fully grasp what happened that morning, it’s helpful ...
  • Harry Simoneaux, Pearl Harbor, and the War in the Pacific To be in charge of damage control during the attack on Pearl Harbor would guarantee witnessing the horrifying scene up close. Harry Simoneaux, a damage control officer aboard the destroyer tender USS Whitney (AD-4), was right in the thick of the attack that morning as he and his fellow crewmen were preparing to attend church ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS San Francisco USS San Francisco (CA-38), a New Orleans-class cruiser, was laid down in September of 1931 and commissioned into the US Navy on February 10, 1934. Captain Royal E. Ingersoll served as the first commander of the new vessel, and saw her through multiple military exercises and Fleet Problems. On September 14th, 1939, soon after the outbreak of ...
  • Albert L. Kaiss, Last Commander of the Mighty Mo, Dies at 78 On July 25, 2018, at the age of 78, Albert L. Kaiss passed away in his hometown of Hagerstown, MD. On March 31, 1992, in Long Beach, CA, Captain Kaiss stepped off the USS Missouri (BB-63) for the final time. He had served as the Mighty Mo’s commanding officer in two separate tours of duty, and became ...
  • Reactions to Pearl Harbor from the Man on the Street All across the United States, reactions to Pearl Harbor varied from one individual to the next. There were those terrified by it and worried that it foreshadowed a possible attack on the mainland. Some wondered whether the United States had known about the attack before it happened, or if Germany had had a hand in ...
  • USS West Virginia Survivor Archie Kelley Turns 100 When Archie Kelley turned 100 years old, it was a milestone that many others wished to celebrate with him. Kelley’s 100th birthday wasn’t just any centennial celebration. This was the milestone event for a survivor of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. More than 76 years ago, men like Kelley found themselves in the ...
  • Aircraft of the Pacific: Stinson L-5 Sentinel It’s not one of the more famous World War II-era aircraft on display at the Pacific Aviation Museum, but the Stinson L-5 Sentinel played an important role in World War II. The non-combat plane, also known as the “Flying Jeep,” evolved from a civilian craft introduced before the war, the Stinson HW-75. In 1940, Stinson received ...
  • USS Oklahoma Sailor George C. Ford Identified The weight of the Pearl Harbor attack is still heavy for some families, such as the relatives of Fireman 2nd Class George C. Ford. Although the attack unfolded more than 76 years ago, some families were never able to have the closure that comes with burying their loved ones killed on the morning of December ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is a Dry Dock? As you explore the fascinating history of the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, specifically the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack that forced the Americans into World War II, you’re bound to come across terms that aren’t commonplace in everyday vocabulary. At least not outside of a naval setting. The exhibits and memorials at the ...
  • USS Juneau Sailor Finally Receives Recognition On November 13, 1942, during the Battle of Guadalcanal, USS Juneau (CL-52) was hit by several torpedoes from the Japanese submarine I-26 and sank. All but ten men died, some in the initial sinking and others while waiting for rescue, succumbing to the elements. Among those who lost their lives was Eugene Straub, a gunner’s ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Antares Named for the brightest star in the Scorpius constellation, USS Antares (AG-10, later re-designated AKS-3) was laid down in 1918 and commissioned into the US Navy on February 23, 1922. Once she sailed out as a member of the United States Navy, Antares joined the Fleet Train, becoming its flagship within a year. Even after being ...
  • Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park: Outdoor Exhibits One of the main attractions of the Pearl Harbor Historic Sites is the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park. In addition to the iconic submarine herself, the site features an indoor museum with artifacts and memorabilia from many different US submarines. Outside, there are more exhibits and artifacts. These are some of the fascinating things ...
  • Dredging Up—and Blowing Up—Pearl Harbor’s Past Remnants from the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor are still being uncovered, despite the passage of 77 years since it unfolded. Recently, new discoveries have been made at the heart of where the attack took place, in the waters surrounding the wrecks of the battleship USS Arizona (BB-39) and battleship-turned-target-ship USS Utah (BB-31/AG-16). According ...
  • The Misplaced Confidence of Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo hadn’t even seen the results of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor when he started to declare Japan’s ability to defeat the United States and Allied forces in the Pacific. It’s known that the Japanese leadership had great confidence in their navy, but the fact that Tojo ...
  • Cordell Hull, Flawed American Statesman Cordell Hull was born in 1871 and died in 1955. He was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s long-serving Secretary of State, and is also credited as one of the primary founders of the United Nations. Political Life of Cordell Hull Hull’s political career began when he was elected chairman of the Clay County, Tennessee Democratic Party when he was ...
  • Mapping the Depths of Pearl Harbor What’s the best method of exploring the waters of Pearl Harbor to see what may lie below the surface? A research submersible is an option, but the manpower and hours needed to map the entirety of the harbor would be costly. Instead, a team of US Navy Seabee Divers and the Navy’s Fleet Survey Team ...
  • The Final Decommissioning of USS Missouri Construction of USS Missouri (BB-63) began almost a year before the attack on Pearl Harbor, but it wasn’t until June 11, 1944, that she was commissioned into the United States Navy. She entered service at the tail end of World War II, but that was only one of several conflicts in which the “Mighty Mo” ...
  • Pearl Harbor Mystery: Where Is USS Oklahoma? The early morning quiet of a routine December Sunday on Oahu was shattered when aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy came screaming over Pearl Harbor and launched one of the deadliest attacks on American soil in history. In the course of the devastating attack, the battleship USS Oklahoma (BB-37) took several hits and started to ...
  • Beyond Pearl Harbor: Other Oahu Activities A trip to Oahu isn’t complete without a visit to the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument to explore the history of Pearl Harbor. The devastating surprise attack of December 7, 1941 was a defining moment for the United States, ushering in changes that can still be seen and felt today. Exploring all ...
  • Hickam Field Survivor William Breland Turns 100 It’s not every day that we have the honor of welcoming a newcomer to the centenarian club, but William Breland, a Mississippi native, recently achieved that milestone. On July 9, 2018, Breland celebrated his 100th birthday, and while he’s not the only one to do so, the Army Air Corps veteran is among a dwindling group: ...
  • Football and Pearl Harbor While it’s tempting to visualize the entire nation coming to a stunned standstill the moment the first bombs dropped on Pearl Harbor, that was actually not the case. As thousands of men at the American naval base and nearby airfields on Oahu were fighting for their lives against a surprise aerial assault, the rest of ...
  • The Father and Son Killed on USS Arizona On the morning of December 7th, 1941, USS Arizona (BB-39) became the site of horrific losses when an aerial fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy flew into Pearl Harbor and launched a devastating attack. Early in the attack, Arizona suffered direct bomb strikes, which of which caused the mighty battleship to explode and sink to ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Tangier Originally laid down in 1939 as a cargo ship for the United States Maritime Commission, USS Tangier (AV-8) was converted into a seaplane tender and commissioned into the US Navy on August 25, 1941. After a shakedown cruise, she was assigned to Patrol Wing 2 in Hawaii. Just over a month before the Imperial Japanese Navy ...
  • USS Oklahoma Sailor James Solomon Identified It was more than 76 years ago when Navy Seaman 1st Class James Solomon was lost at Pearl Harbor. The North Texas native served in the United States Navy aboard USS Oklahoma (BB-37), which was moored along Battleship Row at Ford Island. On the morning of December 7, 1941, Solomon, like so many others, was ...
  • Minoru Genda and His Role in the Pearl Harbor Attack An assault as complex as the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor required ideas and input from many different sources. To sail across the Pacific and launch an attack on the US naval base on Oahu without being detected en route required immense planning. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is credited as the mastermind behind the ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Ed Johann Turns 95 In 1941, one of the greatest tragedies in American history happened at Pearl Harbor, in the Territory of Hawaii, when Japanese airplanes launched a surprise attack on the Navy base on a quiet Sunday morning. Millions were affected by this attack, many of them just teenagers. One of these young men was Ed Johann. Fascinated by ...
  • The Kohler Brothers in World War II “Why don’t you go together and protect each other?” Mr. Kohler knew his son Charles was itching to join the war that the US suddenly found itself drawn into after the horrors that unfolded on December 7th, 1941, and it seemed logical to him that Charles and his brother Edwin enlist together. The two brothers were ...
  • The Man Who Ordered Pearl Harbor: Hideki Tojo Hideki Tojo was born on December 30th, 1884. His father was Hidenori Tojo, a well-respected officer in the Imperial Japanese Army. Tojo received a typical education for Japanese young men of the time. Meiji-era education revolved primarily around training boys to grow up to be soldiers. Students were taught to revere war and honor the Emperor, ...
  • 4th of July Fireworks over Honolulu People in Hawaii are known for their love of fireworks. Any holiday is an excuse for a good pyrotechnic show. In fact,  the Hilton Hawaiian Village in Waikiki puts on a terrific display every Friday night. But no other holiday comes close to the number and size of fireworks over Honolulu than American Independence Day, ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Dobbin On May 5th, 1921, a new destroyer tender was launched. Commissioned into the US Navy in July of 1924, USS Dobbin (AD-3) was named for former Secretary of the Navy James Cochrane Dobbin. USS Dobbin spent much of her early years sailing between the United States, Guantanamo Bay, and eventually San Diego via the Panama Canal to the ...
  • Pearl Harbor Ships on the Morning of the Attack There were 130 vessels of the US Navy’s Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941, the day of the Japanese surprise attack. Ninety-six of the Pearl Harbor ships were warships. Eight of these were battleships, seven of which were lined up along Battleship Row, making them easy targets for the attackers. Pearl Harbor Ships ...
  • Named for a Legend: USS Nimitz Turns 50 December 7th, 1941 changed many lives forever. Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Nimitz was promoted to head the US Pacific Fleet, eventually becoming commander of all sea, air, and land forces in the Pacific Theater of Operations. In recognition of his outstanding service during World War II, Nimitz received the honor of ...
  • RIMPAC 2018 Kicks Off at Pearl Harbor While many people associate Pearl Harbor with the surprise Japanese attack that occurred over 76 years ago, they sometimes forget that it is still an active military base, playing a vital role in the defense of the nation today. The very active military base is home to the US Pacific Fleet, which makes it the ...
  • An Unarmed Warplane: Boeing Stearman Model 75 During a visit to the Pacific Aviation Museum at Pearl Harbor, visitors come across a plane that was pivotal during the 1930s and 1940s, in the time leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor and throughout the Second World War. Unlike the other models on display, this plane doesn’t appear to be ready for ...
  • Pearl Harbor and the Visiting Football Teams The political climate between the United States and Japan was tense when a group of college athletes from two football teams set out from California to Hawaii in November 1941, but there was no indication of the horrors they would be forced to live through shortly after they arrived. Twenty-five players from San Jose State College ...
  • USS Oklahoma Sailor Clifford Goodwin Identified It’s a headline that’s popped up dozens of times since 2015: The remains of a sailor from USS Oklahoma (BB-37), the ill-fated battleship that capsized and sank during the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, is identified after more than seven decades and is returned home to be buried alongside his family. No ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Detroit USS Detroit (CL-8), an Omaha-class light cruiser, was first laid down on November 10, 1920 and commissioned into the US Navy on July 31, 1923. Detroit’s early years were mainly spent in the Atlantic and Mediterranean. Later, she took part in maneuvers and fleet problems in the Caribbean and along the US East Coast. In 1931, USS ...
  • Ray Emory Bids Farewell to Pearl Harbor More than 76 years ago, the nation was stunned when a fleet of Japanese bombers and fighters launched a surprise attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base in Oahu, HI. The assault killed more than 2,400 and left others, like Ray Emory, with terrible memories of the tragic attack. Emory was among the thousands who ...
  • Four Iconic Pearl Harbor Moments Visiting Pearl Harbor is the best way of remembering those who gave their lives during the tragic events of December 7th, 1941. Spending time at the USS Arizona and Oklahoma Memorials, the Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park, Battleship Missouri, and the Pacific Aviation Museum provides an educational journey back in time. There is much to ...
  • Edward Killeen, USS Tennessee Survivor Edward Killeen was born on June 18, 1922 in Phoenix, Arizona. Growing up in that landlocked place, he didn’t have an opportunity to travel by sea or experience life aboard a ship. His only route to joining the United States Marine Corps was through his musical talent. He enlisted as a bugler, and was stationed ...
  • The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency In 2015, the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) began work on a program that aims to return home hundreds of soldiers and sailors killed during battle whose remains were unable to be identified when they died. One of the biggest challenges being targeted by the agency was the sinking of the USS Oklahoma (BB-37) during ...
  • Lou Radil, Pearl Harbor Survivor, Passes Away at 98 Ludwig “Lou” Radil served for six years as a yeoman in the United States Navy. During his time as a sailor, he was present for the tragic events of December 7th, 1941 and, after Japan surrendered and the war ended, he also witnessed the first post-World War II nuclear tests that were carried out in ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Worden Laid down at the Puget Sound Navy Yard in December of 1932, USS Worden (DD-352) was commissioned into the US Navy on January 15, 1935. Worden spent most of her early years operating out of San Diego, until late in 1939, when, in response to the outbreak of war in Europe, the Navy ordered a contingent ...
  • Bridge Named in Honor of Donald Stratton More than 76 years have passed since the attack on Pearl Harbor and we are still finding new and inventive ways to recognize and honor the brave men who survived the Japanese onslaught. Recently, the Colorado General Assembly decided to honor USS Arizona survivor Donald Stratton in an unusual way. In recognition of his living ...
  • Lewis LaGesse: Pearl Harbor Ghost “They thought I was a ghost.” Not many people can make that statement with a straight face. World War II veteran Lewis  LaGesse was one man who definitely could, after being reported dead in the bombing of Pearl Harbor. On December 7th, 1941, Lewis LaGesse, then 19 years old, was serving aboard the USS West Virginia ...
  • Hospital Ships of the Pacific Theater When armed conflict takes place on land, medics can rush to a wounded soldier’s aid, and transport him to a field hospital if necessary. When the fighting is primarily on the open ocean, providing medical treatment to the injured can be far more complicated. That’s where hospital ships become lifesavers. The Hospital Ships of World War ...
  • The Hospital Ship USS Solace For 14 years, the SS Iroquois sailed the world’s waters as a passenger ship. It was a relatively quiet and calm life, save for the possibility of the occasional seasick passenger or inclement weather. No one could have foreseen the changes she would undergo after the United States Navy acquired her in July of 1940, ...
  • The Heroic Nurses of Pearl Harbor Amid the devastation at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the lives of countless men were saved by the brave actions of women. At the time, women weren’t allowed to serve in combat roles, but their presence was vital nonetheless. These were the nurses of Pearl Harbor. During the course of the attack and its aftermath, ...
  • USS Oklahoma Sailor William Hellstern Identified It started with a DNA sample. Ted Hummell never knew his uncle William Hellstern, but he had heard about him all his life from his mother, Jeanne. William Francis Hellstern was one of over 2,400 Americans who lost their lives on December 7th, 1941 when the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an aerial attack on the ...
  • The Story of Haleiwa Fighter Strip Prior to the outbreak of war in the Pacific, Haleiwa Fighter Strip on Oahu’s North Shore seemed like more of an afterthought than an actual military installation. It served as an emergency landing field, but the strip was unpaved and potentially unfit for most incoming aircraft. As an auxiliary to Wheeler Field at the center ...
  • The Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Downes Unlike many United States Navy ships that served during World War II, USS Downes (DD-375) had a relatively short life. Launched on April 22, 1936, the Mahan-class destroyer—named for US Naval officer John Downes—was commissioned on January 15, 1937. Once commissioned, she sailed for San Diego from her shipyard in Norfolk and participated in multiple exercises ...
  • The History of the Hawaii Overprint Note The worst case scenario wasn’t an impossible one: in the wake of the Pearl Harbor attack, Japan would invade Hawaii, overrun it, and use it as a launching point for an attack on the US mainland. As much as the United States was preparing itself to repel such an invasion, it also had contingencies in ...
  • Other Targets: Naval Air Station Kaneohe Bay The targets of the Pearl Harbor attack of December 7, 1941 weren’t limited to the ships at the Oahu naval base. The eight battleships moored at Battleship Row were the primary focus of the assault,  but to guarantee victory, the Imperial Japanese Navy targeted multiple points across the island of Oahu. Among them, an installation ...
  • Enemy Aircraft: Nakajima B5N “Kate” The innocent-sounding “Kate” of World War II was anything but sweet. It was a warplane designed to lay waste to its targets through the bombs it dropped from higher altitudes. Officially known as the Nakajima B5N bomber, the “Kate” (the Allies’ name for the aircraft) was a fearsome tool of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Air ...
  • Pearl Harbor’s Youngest: 16-Year-Old Robert Olsen You may have heard the story of Calvin Graham, the youngest American to fight in World War II, who was only 12 years old when he enlisted in the Navy after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Before Graham joined up, however, there were young men like Robert Olsen, a 16-year-old medic from Pocatello, ID. Olsen ...
  • Shigekazu Shimazaki: Leading the Second Wave In September of 1941, 33-year-old Lt. Cmdr. Shigekazu Shimazaki was assigned to be the equipping officer of the aircraft carrier Zuikaku, which had been commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy just days prior. It was in this capacity that he and his ship, together with the rest of Japan’s First Air Fleet, set sail towards ...
  • Mal Middlesworth: Still Telling His Story He was only one month shy of graduating when Mal Middlesworth enlisted with the United States Marine Corps, leaving behind his family and his high school sweetheart, JoJean Ciraulo. It wasn’t an easy decision to make, and it turned out to be one that would change his life forever. In April 1941 he enlisted, and ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Shaw In the history books, chapters about the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor are often accompanied by an iconic image: the explosion of a ship taken from a distance. The ship in the image is the destroyer USS Shaw (DD-373). The snapshot was taken just as fires ignited when she was hit by three ...
  • Touring the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park One of the most popular sites at Pearl Harbor is located right next to the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center. In addition to an impressive vessel, it features are both indoor and outdoor exhibits, as well as a waterfront memorial to the 52 submarines and over 3500 men who perished during World War II. Read on ...
  • Ray Chavez: Still On Duty at 106 One might expect that, at 106 years old, Pearl Harbor survivor Ray Chavez would be ready to retire from being a public figure. But for the oldest known Pearl Harbor survivor, that duty to the public never ends. Recently, a flight the veteran was on made a stopover in Wichita, KS. There, Chavez was met ...
  • Other Targets: Schofield Barracks When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, their main objective was to decimate US naval power in the Pacific by destroying the  the battleships moored along Battleship Row. In order to achieve this aim, they also needed to neutralize any potential American counterattack. That meant taking out the airfields scattered across Oahu. ...
  • Was the Attack on Pearl Harbor Illegal? Causing the deaths of 2,403 individuals would in most cases be considered illegal without question. In times of war, however, the rules can be a bit murkier. In the Pacific Theater, over 100,000 Americans died in battle, but these deaths weren’t war crimes. They were the tragic but expected product of a conflict that was ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Tennessee On April 30, 1919, a new battleship class was launched. Named for its lead ship, the Tennessee-class offered more robust protection from enemy torpedoes as well as fire-control systems for both primary and secondary gun batteries. USS Tennessee (BB-43) and her sister ship, USS California (BB-44), were the first to be designed to shoot over the ...
  • Beyond Torpedoes and Bombs: What is Strafing? When learning about the details of the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the United States Naval Base in Oahu, the focus is usually on the devastation caused by the bombs and torpedoes dropped by the attackers on the ships of Pearl Harbor. But there was ...
  • Cornelia Fort Honored with Museum Exhibit The life and work of inadvertent Pearl Harbor participant Cornelia Fort have earned recognition more than 76 years later with the dedication of a plane and accompanying exhibit at the Chico Air Museum in Chico, CA in her honor. In 1943, Cornelia Clark Fort was killed just south of Merkel, TX in Mulberry Canyon in ...
  • USS Oklahoma Sailor Edward Slapikas Identified On December 7, 1941, US Navy Seaman 1st Class Edward Slapikas was serving aboard the battleship USS Oklahoma (BB-37) when the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an aerial strike against Pearl Harbor. As one of the main targets of the attack, Oklahoma sustained extensive damage and finally capsized. In the process, she lost 429 men, Edward ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What were Dreadnoughts? When learning about the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s usually the battleships that get most of the attention, and a term that often comes up when describing these ships is “dreadnought,” and even “super-dreadnought.” So what exactly were the dreadnoughts? The Origin of the Dreadnought Though dreadnoughts played a major role in early 20th-century American naval warfare, ...
  • An Axis is Formed: The Tripartite Pact On September 27th, 1940, representatives from Japan, Italy, and Germany gathered in Berlin to sign a mutual-defense treaty known as the Tripartite Pact (or the Berlin Pact). The agreement was signed after the outbreak of the war in Europe, largely in response to the expanding American assistance to Britain and their perceived interference in Japan’s affairs ...
  • The Congressional Pearl Harbor Investigation Almost from the moment the Japanese planes returned to their ships after their devastating attack on Pearl Harbor, there were all kinds of conspiracy theories about how they could have pulled off such a large operation that took the United States by complete surprise.  Some of these put President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the spotlight, ...
  • The History of the Opana Radar Site Nearly an hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor unfolded, there was activity brewing at a small radar site located on the North Shore of Oahu. The Opana Radar Site plays a role in the story of the attack, even though it didn’t quite get to operate as it was intended to. It’s one of ...
  • The Courts of the Missing Most people take comfort in being able to visit the graves of their departed loved ones, or at least to know where their remains end up. But after the tragedy of Pearl Harbor and the four-year war in the Pacific, as well as other conflicts that came after, thousands of families still don’t have the ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Pennsylvania Unlike the others seven US Navy battleships present at Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, the USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) wasn’t lined up on Battleship Row along the southeast coast of Ford Island, and therefore avoided the major damage those ships sustained in the Japanese attack. USS Pennsylvania Before Pearl Harbor Following her commissioning in ...
  • Descent into Darkness: The Divers of Pearl Harbor To get a true sense of the amount of damage done when Japan attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, it’s best to rely on the recollections of those who lived through it. They may have been caught up in the chaos of the events as they unfolded, but many of their accounts are ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What are Battleship Classes? On the morning of December 7, 1941, there were seven battleships moored along Battleship Row with an eighth nearby in dry dock. The USS Nevada (BB-36), USS Oklahoma (BB-37), USS Pennsylvania (BB-38), USS Arizona (BB-39), USS Tennessee (BB-43), USS California (BB-44), USS Maryland (BB-46), and USS West Virginia (BB-48) were all battleships of the US Navy, but there were distinctions between them. Every naval vessel belongs to a class, named ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Raleigh The USS Utah (AG-16), originally commissioned as a battleship designated (BB-31), had long been demilitarized and used as a target ship. Unarmed, she posed no threat, a fact the leaders of the attack on Pearl Harbor were aware of. Unfortunately, two attacking pilots misjudged and fired on the vessel, sinking her and putting in harm’s ...
  • The Other Yamamoto – An American Hero In 1936, Fred Yamamoto graduated from Palo Alto High School with a bright future ahead of him. The young man kept a diary that he wrote in often, jotting down his scattered thoughts as he went about enjoying his final years as a teenager. Five years after graduating, Fred turned to his diary again, this ...
  • Glenn Tipton, USS Oklahoma Sailor, Identified The mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) to exhume and identify unknown remains from the sinking of the USS Oklahoma (BB-37) continues to reunite families with their long-lost relatives. During the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States suffered the loss of 2,403 lives. Many ships and aircraft were ...
  • Wreckage of Japanese Destroyer Isokaze Located The Japanese 1st Air Fleet, or kido butai, that attacked Pearl Harbor was made up of six aircraft carriers escorted by a full complement of battleships, cruisers, tankers, and destroyers. In the long and bloody war that followed, most of those ships were lost. Among them was the destroyer Isokaze, whose wreckage was recently located. In 2016, while ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Avocet On September 17, 1918, the USS Avocet was commissioned as a Lapwing-class minesweeper with the hull designation (AM-19). For seven years, she maintained this designation, sailing under the command of Lieutenant Christian Crone. In that seven-year span, Avocet took part in multiple tests and exercises, but never saw any combat. It wasn’t until years after ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Elmer Luckett Dies at 97 “We noticed a lot of black smoke coming off of Ford Island, and just about that time, the Japanese started attacking Battleship Row,” Elmer Luckett recalled during a 2017 interview with radio station KMOX in St. Louis, MO. Realizing that Pearl Harbor was under attack was a memory he would never forget. Serving aboard the ...
  • Planning Guide for Visiting Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor is an iconic location, a major piece of the history of not just Hawaii, but of the United States and the world. The December 7, 1941 attack changed the United States forever, forcing it into a war that would transform it into the global power we know it as today. Visiting Pearl Harbor ...
  • Childhood Memories of Pearl Harbor Their combined age at the time was barely old enough to enlist. Still, Pat Campbell and Jimmy Lee had front row seats for one of the most devastating events in American history. Here are some of their memories of Pearl Harbor and the attack that changed the course of history. The best way to remember the ...
  • Ships of Pearl Harbor: USS Bagley To have a US Navy ship named in one’s honor is a great achievement. One American naval officer had four. Ensign Worth Bagley was killed during the Spanish-American War, in 1898, and the third ship named for him, the destroyer USS Bagley (DD-386), was present at Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. Ensign Bagley ...
  • The Morning of Pearl Harbor – Battle of Hong Kong On the morning of December 7, 1941, the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor fell victim to a surprise Japanese attack. The assault would go down in history as one of the worst foreign attacks ever launched against the United States. Though this attack stunned an unprepared United States, it wasn’t Japan’s only target ...
  • USS Bowfin – 75 Years, 9 Million Visitors Later In late April, 2018, the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park welcomed its nine millionth visitor, a milestone that proves the world hasn’t forgotten the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor and the war that followed. Guest number nine million was part of a family who came all the way from Australia, and the ...
  • Operation Barney: Revenge for a Lost Submarine Today, the Bowfin submarine is a museum ship and memorial park, one of the Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. Launched one year to the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, she spent the next two and a half years living up to her nickname, the Pearl Harbor Avenger. Her ninth—and final—World War II patrol was as ...
  • America’s Revenge on Yamamoto On April 18, 1943, the United States finally got its revenge on the man responsible for the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor seventeen months previously. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto had been the mastermind behind the attack, and the Americans were determined to make him pay. On December 7, 1941, the United States had suffered the worst attack ...
  • How Was the USS Arizona Memorial Paid For? Have you ever wondered where the money comes from to finance the memorials commemorating events like the attack on Pearl Harbor? The USS Arizona Memorial has been the centerpiece of Pearl Harbor tours for more than 50 years, having been dedicated on May 30, 1962. A primary target during the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack ...
  • World War II and Rationing in the US A great deal changed the moment Japan dropped the first bombs on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The United States, a nation that for years had followed to a policy of isolationism, found itself forced into a war it had long sought to avoid. In order to succeed, the nation would have to adapt ...
  • The US Pacific Fleet in 1941 and Today A lot has changed in the 76 years that have passed since the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that forced the United States into World War II. Today, with the war long ended, the world has undergone drastic changes that would make it unrecognizable to someone from the 1940s. One institution greatly ...
  • Wreckage of USS Helena Located On April 11, 2018, a research team headed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen discovered the wreckage of the USS Helena (CL-50, the team’s third World War II-era shipwreck discovery of the year. The St. Louis-class light cruiser was commissioned into the US Navy on September 18, 1939 and served until her sinking on July 6, ...
  • Pearl Harbor Hero Chief Boatswain Edwin Hill On the morning of December 7, 1941, an aerial striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, in the US Territory of Hawaii. In the chaos and horror that ensued, there were men who were able to keep their wits and help those around them, putting their own lives ...
  • Women of the War: Marjorie Culligan Before realizing her lifelong dream of becoming a schoolteacher in 1949, Marjorie Culligan had already had a rather eventful life that included serving her nation in uniform. On the advice of an aunt, when she turned 20 Culligan signed up with the United States Navy, becoming a part in the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency ...
  • Pearl Harbor Scourge: Mitsubishi A6M Zero On December 7, 1941, the Japanese A6M Zero Model 21 manufactured by Mitsubishi was one of the most iconic participants in the attack on Pearl Harbor. While the bombers inflicted the bulk of the damage, the Zero fighter planes kept the American forces at bay, strafing battleship decks and airfields to maximize the deadly efficiency ...
  • Elizabeth McIntosh – From Journalist to Spy Elizabeth McIntosh isn’t a name that often comes up during discussions about World War II, but her story is a fascinating one that author Ann Todd sets out to tell in her book OSS Operation Black Mail: One Woman’s Covert War Against the Imperial Japanese Army. Raised in Honolulu by parents who were both reporters, Elizabeth McIntosh ...
  • Calvin Graham – The Youngest Recruit The shock and trauma of Pearl Harbor wasn’t only felt by adults. As news of the December 7, 1941 surprise Japanese attack spread across the United States, kids and adults alike all waited with racing hearts to hear what had happened, what the cause was, and if they should prepare themselves for additional attacks. Among ...
  • Pearl Harbor Terminology – Battleship Row Any discussion of the attack on Pearl Harbor includes references to something called “Battleship Row.” In your mind, you may be picturing a row of battleships lined up within the harbor and if so, you’re pretty much on the mark. The ships moored along Battleship Row were the primary targets of the Japanese attack on ...
  • Absent by Fate: USS Lexington and Pearl Harbor The USS Lexington (CV-2), an iconic warship of the US Navy, wasn’t originally intended to be an aircraft carrier. When her construction was first authorized, in 1916, she was meant to be a battlecruiser. Her keel wasn’t laid down until 1921, as anti-submarine vessels and merchant ships took priority. This delay ultimately saved the Fore River ...
  • Learning About the Military Airfields of Oahu Toward the end of the First World War, the United States began to focus on strengthening its defense of the West Coast. Having had virtually no military presence in the Pacific in the lead-up to the war, the US began building a series of bases in the Territory of Hawaii. Here’s the story of some ...
  • American Aviation History on Ford Island Most tours of Pearl Harbor include stops at the museums and monuments on Ford Island. Located in the middle of Pearl Harbor, Ford Island is a 441-acre island that’s prominent in both Hawaiian culture and American history. While it’s best known as the location of Battleship Row, the scene of massive destruction during the Japanese ...
  • USS Juneau: Another Historic Find for RV Petrel On March 17, 2018, an autonomous underwater vehicle operating from the Research Vessel Petrel discovered the wreckage of the American light cruiser USS Juneau (CL-52). The explorations of the Petrel are led by Paul Allen, the philanthropist and Microsoft co-founder. During her journeys in the South Pacific, Petrel has also been responsible for locating the remains of the USS ...
  • Balloons of War: The Japanese Fu-Go During the course of World War II, all sides had their own secret projects intended to give them a strategic edge. The United States was working on a massive bomb that could put an immediate end to the conflict. In Japan, researchers were hard at work on Fu-Go, a unique weapon that, on the surface, ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Were Seaplane Tenders? The classifications of navy ships don’t require much explanation. Battleships are vessels designed specifically for battle. Aircraft carriers transport airplanes across the ocean. Destroyers, like battleships, were intended specifically for combat. So it shouldn’t be difficult to guess what purpose seaplane tenders were built for. As early as the First World War, these vessels were constructed ...
  • The Mark 14 Torpedo: Problem Child of the US Navy In the early months of World War II, the US Navy was finding it difficult to get a leg up on their Japanese opponents. One of the thorniest issues was a piece of weaponry used by American submarines throughout 1942 and 1943. Though the United States had turned the tide of the war by the ...
  • Paul Allen and the Shipwrecks of World War II When we think about the people who are most instrumental in the preservation of history, we usually think of professional historians and, if we’re lucky, people who lived through world-changing events. When it comes to the history of the attack on Pearl Harbor and World War II, there are men and women who are still ...
  • The Long and Eventful Reign of Hirohito To many in the Japanese leadership in 1941, there appeared to be only one way to get the United States to back off and allow their expansion across Chinese territories: a military attack to destroy the US Pacific Fleet based at Pearl Harbor. The plan drawn up by Isoroku Yamamoto had the approval of most ...
  • Wreckage of the USS Lexington Found Sunk on May 8, 1942, the aircraft carrier USS Lexington (CV-2) spent more than 75 years on the sea floor under the waters of the Pacific. Previously believed to be lost forever, an expedition led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen finally located the wreckage of the USS Lexington. Allen’s team, aboard the Research Vessel Petrel off ...
  • Iconic Pearl Harbor Ship Gets a Face Lift Over the course of her years as a museum ship, the Battleship Missouri has been subjected to the natural conditions of Pearl Harbor and wear and tear from her millions of visitors. To ensure she would always look her best, the Mighty Mo recently completed her largest repair and restoration effort in years, ensuring that visitors ...
  • Key Campaigns of the South West Pacific Theater During the 1930s, the United States found itself in a situation that would end up changing it forever. Relations between the US and Japan had been strained ever since the latter began their conquests in China and Southeast Asia. Although the Americans tried to maintain their policy of non-intervention, they eventually found themselves forced into ...
  • Why Was the USS Utah Targeted? Given the intent of the surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, a question pops up when the events of the day are examined. It’s widely known that Japan’s decision to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor was born from a desire to cripple the US Pacific Fleet by destroying the ...
  • American Sports During World War II For many Americans, sports are a big part of life. Take away any of the major American sports, be it baseball, football, basketball, or hockey, and you’re going to have a lot of angry people. Sports have always played a big role in American culture. In the 1940s, for example, boxing, football, baseball, and horse ...
  • USS Sotoyomo: The Oldest Ship at Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl Harbor that unfolded on December 7, 1941 left the United States reeling. More than 2,400 lives were lost, and massive damage was inflicted on the ships in the harbor and hundreds of aircraft at bases across Oahu. It was an attack intended to completely cripple the US Pacific Fleet, but American resilience ...
  • The History of Hangar 37 on Ford Island Getting to know every element of a place as rich in history as Pearl Harbor can be a daunting task. When planning a visit to this important site and the many exhibits and memorials contained within, it helps to have some background understanding of what awaits. Many people already have at least some knowledge about ...
  • Why Was the Attack on Sunday, December 7? It’s been described as a “quiet Sunday morning in December.” Sunday, December 7, 1941 is a day that will forever be remembered as the day Japan attacked the United States. The quiet of that Sunday morning was shattered when an aerial striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy flew into Pearl Harbor, wreaking devastation and ...
  • Powerless at Pearl Harbor: USS New Orleans It was a worst-case scenario, one that couldn’t have been prepared for because it seemed so unlikely. And yet on the morning of December 7, 1941, the men of the USS New Orleans (CA-32) were forced to try and do the impossible – survive a surprise aerial attack without power. As the sun rose on that ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Jim Downing Passes Away Jim Downing was a man who embraced his status as a survivor of the December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. It was a rare occasion when he wouldn’t take the opportunity to discuss not only the events he lived through but the impact they had on the nation and his fellow servicemembers. Downing was much ...
  • Is Pearl Harbor Accessible for People with Disabilities? On December 7, 1941, a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Hawaiian airspace, with the US naval base at Pearl Harbor as its primary target. The two-hour attack was a tragedy forever ingrained in American history. Today, this world-changing event and the war that followed are explored at the World War II Valor ...
  • Barbers Point Lighthouse December 7, 1941 A lot happened on the island of Oahu during the morning of December 7, 1941. Though the devastation at Pearl Harbor and airfields all across Oahu are what’s most remembered about that day due to the sheer number of casualties and amount of damage done, there were other stories that tend to get overshadowed by ...
  • Smith’s Union Bar – USS Arizona’s Watering Hole When most people think of Hawaii, they think of sun-drenched beaches, breathtaking waterfalls, water sports, and swaying palm trees. But Hawaii is also home to a lot of history, including one of the most devastating events to ever occur on American soil. When the forces of Imperial Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, destroying mighty ships and ...
  • Black History Month: Doris Miller, American Hero During the attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, many heroes stepped forward, putting their lives at risk in order to assist their fellow serviceman. Among them was a Cook Third Class named Doris Miller, an African-American sailor who had started his day serving breakfast to the crewmen aboard the USS ...
  • Pearl Harbor’s New USS Missouri Just off the southeastern coast of Ford Island, overlooking the wreckage of the USS Arizona and the memorial that stands above, sits a mighty battleship of the US Navy. The USS Missouri (BB-63) was commissioned into service in June of 1944, meaning she served just over a year in World War II, and yet she ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is a Submarine? Submarine history begins long before the 20th century, but it was during World War I that they became a true staple of naval warfare. In both World War I and World War II, their presence was heavily felt in the Atlantic with German U-Boats causing significant losses to Allied vessels, and though the December 7, ...
  • The US Coast Guard Cutter Tiger In the early morning hours of December 7, 1941, a quiet Sunday in Hawaii, the United States Coast Guard Cutter Tiger was patrolling the waters just outside the naval base at Pearl Harbor. Expecting nothing but peace and calm throughout the day, the Tiger’s crew went about their business as the sun began to break ...
  • Pacific Aviation Museum’s Hangar 37 During the course of American aviation history, the aerial fleet of the US military has undergone vast changes to keep up with the changing demands of warfare. Aircraft that were once simple flying machines have evolved into complex and powerful planes capable of delivering deadly payloads that could level cities. The Pacific Aviation Museum at Pearl ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: Naval Terms and Words To Know Reading through accounts of the Pearl Harbor attack can sometimes feel like you’re reading a different language. Naval terms like “aft,” “stern,” and “moored” pop up often, but since they aren’t used in everyday conversation, it’s understandable to not know exactly what they mean. Words like these—and many others—help enrich the picture of the Pearl ...
  • The Conning Tower of the USS Parche During your explorations of Pearl Harbor, you find tributes to some of the iconic ships of the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack and World War II. There’s an anchor from the USS Arizona located just beyond the ticketing booth. Closer to the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center museums “Road to War” and “Attack,” is one of the ...
  • Options for Eating at Pearl Harbor You may be concerned that, because you’re visiting a place so full of historical importance, you won’t have many options for eating at Pearl Harbor. While visiting Pearl Harbor may not be an all-day affair for some, most visitors choose to spend a lot of time here, whether by purchasing the Passport to Pearl Harbor ...
  • A Visit to Pearl Harbor Even the Kids Will Enjoy Visiting Pearl Harbor includes dealing with some heavy themes that some parents may worry are too much for their kids. From the losses suffered that day to the war that followed, it can difficult for younger minds to fully comprehend, but that doesn’t mean they can’t get the most out of a visit to Pearl ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is an Aircraft Carrier? USS Enterprise (CV-6), USS Lexington (CV-2), USS Saratoga (CV-3). Looking through the list of ships that were moored at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941—and it’s a long list of battleships, cruisers, destroyers, repair ships, and others—you’ll find that these three vessels were elsewhere that morning. These three US Navy vessels were powerful aircraft carriers, ...
  • The Mighty Wee Vee – USS West Virginia Next in our ongoing look at the ships of Pearl Harbor, here’s a look at the USS West Virginia (BB-48): USS West Virginia Specs: Overall Length: 624’ Maximum Displacement: 32,100 tons (33,060 tons w/ a full load) Speed: 21 knots Armament: Before reconstruction: 8 x 16” .45 caliber guns; 12 x 5” .51 caliber guns; 4 x 3” .23 caliber ...
  • America’s Response to Pearl Harbor – An Unexpected First Target The United States spent the first years of World War II keeping its military out of the conflict. Though it lent aid to the British, it refused to outright join and declare war on any of the Axis ...
  • In Memoriam: Pearl Harbor Survivors We Lost in 2017 Just over seventy-six years ago, the United States suffered the loss of more than 2,400 Americans in a devastating attack that would force the nation into World War II and change the world forever. Sadly, with each passing year the nation loses more of the brave servicemen who survived the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor ...
  • Was the Pearl Harbor Attack Inspired by a Novel? Inspiration can come from anywhere and produce unpredictable results. An artist might draw inspiration from the most mundane object. A writer can come up with a fantastical idea based on real events. And possibly, a military official could come up with the idea for a deadly surprise attack from a 16-year-old novel. When Hector Bywater wrote The ...
  • Pearl Harbor Defender: Curtiss P-40 Warhawk Within Hangar 79 of the Pacific Aviation Museum on Ford Island, visitors have a unique opportunity to see a warplane that once defended Pearl Harbor from the Japanese surprise attack. The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk on display is one of the more than 14,000 that were built during the course of World War II. One of the ...
  • Pearl Harbor and the New York Times Crossword Puzzle Sometimes, the most unexpected things can emerge from war. Unexpected friendships bloom. Romance can find its way across oceans and lead to lasting love. Sometimes, an individual even changes the course of his life entirely and, as seen with Japanese pilot Mitsuo Fuchida, make his home in a nation once considered the enemy. War and the ...
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is a Battleship? When you visit the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you hear a lot about the battleships that were moored along the southeastern shore of Ford Island on December 7, 1941, the day the Imperial Japanese Navy launched their devastating attack. The battleships became the main focus of the attack as Japan ...
  • Japan’s Plans After Pearl Harbor It was a question that many pondered after Japan left the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor in ruins. “Why did this happen?” And with more than 2,400 American lives taken during the attack, the nation collectively needed an answer. The answer turned out to be that Japan, fearing the United States would get ...
  • USS Missouri – From Warship to Museum Ship On June 11, 1944, the USS Missouri (BB-63) joined the hundreds of other ships on the US Naval Vessel Register. For the next 15 months, she would serve in the Pacific Theater, battling the persistent Imperial Japanese Navy as the Allies started to dominate in the Pacific. At the end of her service—which came 47 ...
  • A Guide to the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center It starts with a figurative step back in time. Arriving through the main entrance of the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, you come first to the Aloha Court. As the name implies, this is where you start your journey back to the 1940s. The Pearl Harbor Visitor Center is your first stop on your trek across the ...
  • Navy Chaplain Awarded Silver Star The attack on Pearl Harbor produced heroes of all kinds, and not all of them were fighting men. In a ceremony coinciding with the 76th anniversary of the attack, naval chaplain LTJG Aloysius Schmitt received a Silver Star for his selfless acts aboard the USS Oklahoma (BB-37) on Dec. 7, 1941. As a member of the ...
  • USS Neosho – From Pearl Harbor to the South Pacific Stretching 463 miles, cutting through Oklahoma and Kansas, is the Neosho River. Dozens of towns call the banks of the Neosho home, but it’s an otherwise unremarkable waterway in the heart of the United States. What makes the Neosho memorable, however, are the ships of the US Navy that bore its name. The most notable of ...
  • Honouliuli National Monument: A Reminder of World War II Internment Not long after the United States suffered the loss of 2,403 lives in under two hours on the island of Oahu, a cold wind of anger tainted by prejudice washed over the United States. Japan was the perpetrator of the devastation left behind after the Dec. 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, but many Americans ...
  • The United States, Japan, and Baseball For well over a century, baseball has been considered America’s pastime, though it long ago spread from the United States to many nations around the world. Since the early twentieth century, years before the United States was dragged into World War II, Japan and the United States shared a love for at least one thing ...
  • A Civilian Pearl Harbor Hero Discussions about the heroes of Pearl Harbor usually focus on the uniformed personnel at the naval base at the time of the Dec. 7, 1941 attack. These men, who put their lives on the line to protect the nation, have been recognized annually since the first anniversary of the attack, in 1942. In 2017, on ...
  • Pearl Harbor Terms to Know The attack on Pearl Harbor was a devastating chapter in American history, and as it recedes farther back in time it becomes ever more important to know what happened on that fateful morning. To gain a fuller understanding of the tragic events of Dec. 7, 1941, it’s helpful to know the following Pearl Harbor terms. Aircraft ...
  • Wreckage of the USS Ward Found On the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, the United States came under fire by a fleet of planes from Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carriers. The attack resulted in the loss of 2,403 American lives and the start of World War II for the United States. But hours before the tragedy unfolded, a skirmish occurred that ...
  • Remembering Pearl Harbor – 76 Years Later A droplet of oil spreads on the glassy surface of the harbor. Beneath it, a rusting wreckage, a memory of bombs, torpedoes, and machine gun fire. The destruction of the USS Arizona is among the most powerful images produced during the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Each year, the World War II Valor ...
  • Pearl Harbor Hero Doris Miller Statue Unveiled Many heroes came out of the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor, men who risked their  lives for the sake of their fellow serviceman. Many jumped into the flaming, oil-slicked waters to save the injured. Others refused to leave their posts until everyone was safely off their burning ships. Then there were men like Doris Miller, ...
  • Update: 100 USS Oklahoma Victims Identified On December 2nd, 2017, just five days prior to the 76th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency announced that it had identified 100 of the men who perished when the USS Oklahoma (BB-37) was destroyed.   The Attack On the morning of December 7th, 1941, radar showed a large group of aircraft ...
  • The Original Aircraft Carriers of the Pacific Fleet For the United States to succeed in its defense of the Pacific, it needed a powerful fighting force and a lot of determination. The nation’s response to the December 7th, 1941 attack proved that it wouldn’t roll over for the Japanese, but there was still the question of exactly how large a setback the destruction ...
  • Bells of the Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park First introduced as early as the 18th century, submersible vessels became a staple of warfare in the 20th century. Submarines made their first significant military impact in World War I, specifically as the German U-boats gained notoriety for their action in the Atlantic, disrupting shipping to Britain. During World War II, submarines returned in even greater ...
  • December 7, 1941 – The Other Oahu Targets On December 7th, 1941, a striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base on Oahu. During the course of the two-hour attack, over 2,400 Americans were killed, though not every casualty was on the naval base. Though the Japanese bombers and fighters focused primarily on the vessels ...
  • Pearl Harbor Then and Now More than 75 years have passed since the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor. On the morning of December 7th, 1941, the American naval base awoke to the sound of gunfire and explosions, the signs of an attack it didn’t know was coming. Forces of the Imperial Japanese Navy, seeking to destroy or, at the very ...
  • Milestones on the Road to Pearl Harbor On December 7th, the United States will once again commemorate the anniversary of the tragic attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base. Seventy-six years ago, the nation experienced a terrifying day when a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Oahu airspace. The attack that followed left over 2,400 American servicemen and civilians dead. ...
  • The Fate of the USS California Launched in 1919, USS California (BB-44) was a mighty vessel, the flagship of the US Pacific fleet – an honor she held for 20 years from 1921 until 1941. The California was a Tennessee-class battleship, and like her classmate—which was also stationed at Pearl Harbor—she was capable of 21 knots and was armed with 12 14-inch guns. The ...
  • The Grumman TBF Avenger: The Bomber That Changed the War In 1935, the US Navy introduced a torpedo bomber that within just a few years would be obsolete. The Douglas TBD Devastator flew in the Battle of Midway and performed so poorly that, immediately after the battle had concluded, it was pulled from frontline service and replaced with a model introduced in August of 1941. With ...
  • The Japanese General Who Opposed Pearl Harbor When the decision to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor was brought to the table in response to the American involvement in what Japan considered its Pacific affairs, it’s commonly believed that all of Japan supported the decision. The proud nation felt it was simply protecting its legitimate interests, and planned to remove one ...
  • A Very Special Birthday Present What do you get a man who survived one of the most devastating events in United States history, a 97-year-old survivor who’s seen the world change time and time again, for his birthday? At this point, Mickey Ganitch likely doesn’t expect much from his birthdays, but for his 98th, which he celebrated on November 18th, ...
  • USS England: Record-Setting Destroyer Escort On December 7th, 1941, Ensign John Charles England perished during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Just four days shy of his twenty-first birthday, England was working in the radio room of the USS Oklahoma when Japanese bombers started hitting their targets. After multiple torpedoes struck the Oklahoma, she capsized into the waters of the ...
  • Know Before You Go: Pearl Harbor Essentials Pt. 2 As you prepare for your journey back to 1941, to the day when the United States felt a stunned sorrow over the loss of 2,403 American lives, you’ll want to have a basic understanding of where you’re going and what you’re going to see. In the first part of our “Essentials of Pearl Harbor,” we relayed ...
  • The Japanese Weapons of Pearl Harbor There were a lot of military assets involved in the Pearl Harbor attack, from the Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters to the vessels lined up at Battleship Row. Working in Japan’s favor was not just the fact that nobody at the American naval base knew they were coming, but also some of the armament at its ...
  • America’s Most Decorated Ship of World War II Seventy-five years ago, the United States suffered its most devastating attack by a foreign power when a Japanese striking force came in from the Pacific, launching a surprise attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor. From the attack and the war that followed, heroes were born, but not all of these heroes were flesh ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Finally Gets His High School Diploma The 1940s were a very different time in the United States. The opportunities afforded to teenagers today were far less abundant. Many opted to join the military just to have a career plan, while others felt a deeply-rooted patriotism and desire to protect the country. At the age of 16, Ed Hall belonged to the latter ...
  • Know Before You Go: The Essentials of Pearl Harbor Pt. 1 You’ve made all the arrangements for a journey back in time at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, and now’s the tie to ensure you have some essential knowledge about the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. The exhibits, museums, and memorials do a great job of detailing the events ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Robert Coles Passes Away The passing of time is a detriment to the preservation of history. The further we get from an event, the greater the likelihood that some details of it will be lost. More than 75 years separate us from the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, and over those years, the nation has lost many ...
  • Victory Over Japan Day(s) On the morning of December 7th, 1941, the United States was stunned when a Japanese strike force of bombers and fighters flew into Pearl Harbor and dropped bombs and torpedoes on the battleships and other vessels moored there. The attack left 2,403 Americans dead, caused the complete destruction of two battleships, and pushed the nation ...
  • The Importance of Hawaii During World War II Though Hawaii wasn’t yet a state, it was one of the most important sites for the United States during the course of World War II in the Pacific. Located between the continental United States and the nation of Japan, Hawaii became the target of Japan’s aggression after the US Pacific Fleet was moved from the ...
  • After the Attack: Rebuilding Pearl Harbor When the attack on Pearl Harbor ended, two hours after it was launched at 0755 on December 7th, 1941, the Japanese strike force left behind a nightmare scene of destroyed battleships, damaged infrastructure, and over 2,400 Americans dead. Plumes of smoke from fires blazing across the oil-slicked waters were visible from many parts of Honolulu. The ...
  • World War II-Related Guinness World Records It’s strange to think, but the Guinness World Records even catalogs records related to times of war. For instance, there’s a record for the “First Formal Declaration of War” and the “Oldest World War I Veteran.” Of course, that also means that there are records pertaining to World War II, and they range from tragic ...
  • Pearl Harbor – Waking the Sleeping Giant Looking over the history of World War II and, specifically the attack on Pearl Harbor, you’ve probably come across a phrase every so often, one that may sound a little silly, considering the circumstances surrounding it, but actually means a lot more than is apparent at first glance. Waking the Sleeping Giant The “sleeping giant” in this ...
  • Your Visit to the Battleship Missouri Moored at Ford Island in Pearl Harbor is the mighty Battleship Missouri (BB-63), affectionately known as the Mighty Mo, a proud vessel of the US Navy that was launched in January of 1944. Though the Missouri hadn’t even been built when the Japanese launched the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, she did ...
  • Facts About Punchbowl National Cemetery Where can you go to pay your respects to the thousands of individuals who fought for the protection of the United States? War memorials exist throughout the nation, including the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor, but these aren’t the only places accessible to the public that honor the memories of tragic events of the ...
  • DNA Identification and the Men of the Oklahoma For more than seven decades, the families of many of the 429 men who perished when the USS Oklahoma (BB-37) sank were unable to give their loved ones a proper burial, since their remains were unidentified, lying in mass graves at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Punchbowl Crater on the island of ...
  • The Most Important Thing to See at Pearl Harbor It would be unrealistic to assume that everyone who comes to Pearl Harbor has the desire—and the time—to see everything the site has to offer. There are dozens of stories to read about, multiple memorials to see, and countless artifacts on display, but not everyone is a history buff wanting to experience it all. If ...
  • The USS Cassin: Pearl Harbor and Beyond On the morning of December 7, 1941, Japanese bombs fell and torpedoes slashed through the waters of Pearl Harbor, causing a devastating amount of damage to the vessels lined up in Battleship Row in in the dry docks nearby. Each of the seven battleships moored there suffered some degree of damage, some far worse than ...
  • “Just Part of the Job” In a November 2016 interview with Pearl Harbor survivor John Hughes, the 97-year-old veteran touched on a word that he and his fellow Pearl Harbor survivors hear often. When discussing his long Marine Corps career, Hughes shrugs off being called a hero, instead claiming it “was just part of the job.” Hughes served in the United ...
  • Exploring the Battleship Missouri Now that you have your trip to Oahu booked, you can start planning for a trek back in time at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument and the associated Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. Explore the history surrounding one of the nation’s most devastating days, December 7th, 1941, the day a Japanese striking ...
  • Did American Sanctions Spur Pearl Harbor? One hundred and thirty-three days That’s how long the United States had to reconsider the strict sanctions it had placed on Japan in the summer of 1941. On the 134th day, Japan launched a sudden assault on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, killing over 2,400 Americans and launching the war in the Pacific. Some ...
  • Museum Ships of the US Navy When a vessel has completed her service with the United States Navy, there are a few different fates that she may face. Some ships are broken down completely and sold to scrap yards around the country. These materials are often used in the construction of new ships, among other uses. Other decommissioned ships, like the USS Oriskany ...
  • The Battleship That Wasn’t There: USS Colorado To say that the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor was devastating is an understatement, but it actually could have been even worse. The absence of the aircraft aircraft carriers that morning was certainly a lucky break, but there was another member of the fleet that was also missing. Eight battleships were moored along Battleship ...
  • Remembering History – The USS Pearl Harbor On December 7th, 1941, a striking force of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Pearl Harbor and began an assault on the naval base and nearby airfields. The devastation of that day became a part of American history. Over the years, the attack on Pearl Harbor has inspired multiple memorials across the United States, and ...
  • The History of the US Pacific Fleet The Pacific Fleet was one of the most important branches of the United States Navy. Not only was it the main focus of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor—the deciding factor in America’s decision to enter World War II—it also was the main defender against Japan’s expansion across Southeast Asia and ...
  • The Lucky Vessels of Pearl Harbor Just under 100 ships were stationed at Pearl Harbor when the Japanese flew in and launched a surprise attack on the unsuspecting naval base. While the main targets for attackers were the eight battleships along Battleship Row and in nearby drydocks, that didn’t keep the surrounding vessels safe from Japan’s bombs and torpedoes. With bombs being ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Anna Urda Busby Not long after the United States was dragged into World War II, the role of America’s women changed drastically. Once limited to being schoolteachers, housewives, and secretaries, many women found themselves working in local factories and other wartime facilities in order to fill the gaps left by the men who went off to war. While ...
  • Opposing the Pearl Harbor Attack: Japan’s Internal Struggle Looking back at the events that unfolded on December 7th, 1941, it’s reasonable to assume that all Japanese officials were supportive of the surprise attack. While the decision did have widespread support, it was far from unanimous. The attack on the United States came after a trade embargo was placed on vital Japanese imports, threatening ...
  • The Notable Names of Pearl Harbor Any event that looms as large in the timeline of American history as the attack on Pearl Harbor is bound to leave a number of names and details that define it. From the types of armament used by Japan’s assaulting forces to the American ships targeted and damaged during the attack, there is a lot ...
  • Resurrecting the USS Oglala On December 7th, 1917, exactly 24 years prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the USS Oglala (CM-4) began her service in the US Navy. Over the course of her naval career, the Oglala sailed under three different names, including the USS Massachusetts and the USS Shawmut. During World War I, under the name USS Shawmut, she worked ...
  • USS Honolulu Survivor Charles Mitchell Charles Mitchell, who survived the attack on Pearl Harbor while serving aboard the USS Honolulu (CL-48), passed away on September 28th, 2017, at the age of 94. When we discuss the attack on Pearl Harbor, we’re often so focused on the eight battleships that were the prime targets of the Japanese attack that we almost forget that ...
  • From Incident to Invasion to Pearl Harbor Not long after World War I ended, Japan was quick to revisit its quarrels with China. The tense cultural history between the two nations has often resulted in conflict. After the First World War, there didn’t seem to be any extended period of peace between the two nations, especially as Japan considered the option of ...
  • The London Naval Conference: A Prelude to Pearl Harbor Looking at the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s tempting to say that the catalyst was the trade embargo placed on the Japan by the United States and other Allied nations. The problem with simplifying it down to that one event, however, is that it ignores the years of back and forth between Japan and the ...
  • Iconic Aircraft of World War II Aerial combat played a huge part in the Second World War, including in the Pacific Theater, which unfolded across multiple islands. From this emphasis on aerial combat, several iconic aerial fighters emerged that were used widely and recognized for their power, speed, and reliability. There were many types of fighters that could be touted as the ...
  • Know Before You Go: Restrictions at Pearl Harbor You’re planning a visit to Pearl Harbor. You’re thrilled to finally see an important piece of American history, but you also know that there are certain responsibilities that come with the privilege. The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument and associated Pearl Harbor Historic Sites are reminders of a time that the ...
  • The Ultimate Fate of the Battleships of Pearl Harbor We know that during the attack on Pearl Harbor, there were eight battleships lined up along Battleship Row. The battleships of Pearl Harbor, the main targets of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s striking force, were vital assets of the Pacific Fleet that if lost, would leave the US Navy crippled. Though Japan tried, it wasn’t able to ...
  • The USS Hull and the Wartime Typhoon Wartime typhoon isn’t a metaphor for the whirlwind of fighting that engulfed the Pacific and Europe. It refers to an actual typhoon, specifically the one that claimed the USS Hull (DD-350) on December 18th, 1944. The Farragut-class destroyer served her nation well before becoming one of three destroyers to perish not at the hands of the Imperial ...
  • The Story of the USS Helm On May 27th, 1937, the USS Helm (DD-388) was launched at the Norfolk Navy Yard, sponsored by the widow of Rear Admiral James Meredith Helm. Five months later, the Bagley-class destroyer was commissioned into the US Navy under Lt. Comdr. P. H. Talbot. Once prepped and ready for travel, the Helm was ordered to the Caribbean, ...
  • The American Aircraft of Pearl Harbor At 0755 on December 7th, 1941, a striking force of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Pearl Harbor and decimated the naval base and outlying air fields. The attack came as a complete surprise, robbing the United States of its ability to mount a meaningful counterattack.  In order to ground the American planes and keep ...
  • What Should I Expect When I Visit Pearl Harbor? The obvious answer, of course, is that you can expect a vast history lesson that walks you through the events of December 7th, 1941, although that’s a pretty broad overview of what awaits you at the naval base on Oahu. Below are some things to be aware of before you set off on your Pearl ...
  • Passing Along History: Donated Artifacts of World War II and Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl Harbor occurred over 75 years ago, and most of the survivors who once gathered together to retell their stories have passed away. That leaves most of us with books and online resources to consult in order to satisfy our curiosity about the December 7th, 1941 attack. Some people get the opportunity ...
  • Why the Navy Phased Out Battleships During the war in the Pacific, the US Navy relied heavily on battleships to fight off the Imperial Japanese Navy. In fact, it was an attack on these impressive war machines that was effectively the reason why we went to war. So why did the Navy decide to cease production and deployment of these mighty ...
  • America’s Fatal Miscalculation When you have an enemy committed to goals that go against everything you you stand for, one of the worst things you can do is underestimate just how dedicated they may be to their cause. That Japan wanted to take over territories throughout East Asia and the Pacific was not a secret to the United ...
  • Sneaking into War at 14: Jack Lucas, USMC When news of the Pearl Harbor attack started to make its way across the United States, everybody reacted differently. Some were stricken with fear and found themselves at a loss as to how to handle the notion that a foreign power could attack at any moment. Others seethed with anger at both the aggressor in ...
  • The USS Missouri: Still Serving the Nation One ship moored near the Pearl Harbor memorials dedicated to the December 7th, 1941 attack might seem out of place. The USS Missouri (BB-63)—lovingly known as the “Mighty Mo”—is a curious addition to Pearl Harbor because she wasn’t launched until well after the attack took place. After fighting in the last year of the war with ...
  • The Commander Who Launched the Pearl Harbor Attack Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was responsible for planning the devastating attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, but he was not present for the attack itself. While he remained in Japan, Yamamoto’s plan was carried out by Chuichi Nagumo, a colleague who had actually criticized Yamamoto’s plan. Though he had his doubts, as commander of ...
  • A Different View of the Pearl Harbor Attack On December 7th, 1941, the United States suffered one of the worst attacks from a foreign power that the nation had ever known. Fires erupted throughout the naval base as bombs struck the battleships and other warships of Pearl Harbor. Smoke billowed high, making the effects of the attack visible even to those further inland ...
  • Sights of Oahu – Explore the History, Enjoy the Adventure There are many reasons why a trip to Oahu should be on everyone’s bucket list, but there’s one that may not have occurred to you. On the southern coast of the island known as the Gathering Place is Pearl Harbor, a naval base that, on December 7th, 1941, was subject to a devastating attack launched ...
  • The Guadalcanal Campaign The Battle of Guadalcanal, also known as the Guadalcanal Campaign, was the first major Allied offensive against the Japanese after the attack on Pearl Harbor. It took approximately six months for Allied troops to take and hold the islands of Tulagi, Guadalcanal and Florida, which make up the Southern Solomon Islands. The long duration stands ...
  • Sleep of the Saved: Churchill’s Reaction to Pearl Harbor The American reaction to Pearl Harbor is not surprising. Fear mixed with shock and anger led to a readiness to enter the Second World War, ending the isolationism that had been US policy up to that point. Across the Atlantic, however, reactions were less predictable. With no direct ties to the naval base at Pearl ...
  • Iconic Locations of the Pacific Theater Though World War II was fought all around the globe—from the tiniest of islands to the most expansive of countries—there were certain locations that proved to be more significant than others. If you want to take a tour of all of the most crucial sites of World War II, it’s going to be a hefty ...
  • William Manley Thompson: USS Oklahoma Hero Identified The December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor left many families desperately hoping and praying for the safety of their loved ones. Fathers, brothers, sons, uncles – they were all thrown into the midst of one of the worst attacks on American soil, a tragic event that resulted in the loss of 2,403 American lives. ...
  • Pearl Harbor: An Admiral’s Warning Throughout the 1930s, the United States and Japan were locked in a stalemate over the latter’s desire to rule vast territories in Asia and the Pacific. Realizing what it would mean if Japan gained control over these territories, the United States opted to step up and try to stop the empire’s expansion. What followed were ...
  • The Relics of the USS Arizona At approximately 0800 on December 7th, 1941, a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers from the Imperial Japanese Navy flew into Pearl Harbor’s airspace and launched a devastating assault on the battleships moored along Battleship Row. Though six of the eight vessels survived the attack and later returned to the war, the USS Arizona, along with ...
  • USS Indianapolis Wreckage Discovered World War II saw many tragedies for the United States, starting with the devastating one that started it all, the December 7th, 1941 assault on Pearl Harbor, the US naval base on Oahu. The 2,403 American lives lost were just the first of the many thousands of lives that would be sacrificed in order to ...
  • Exhibits of the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park Pearl Harbor, the American naval base and site of the December 7th, 1941 Japanese attack, is home to a number of different attractions, memorials, and things to see. From the somber wreckage of the USS Arizona to the massive Battleship Missouri, the wealth of knowledge available at the World War II Valor in the Pacific ...
  • After Pearl Harbor: The Battles of the Pacific More than 75 years ago, the United States engaged Japan in a brutal war across the Pacific. It all started on a quiet Sunday morning, at an unsuspecting naval base in Hawaii. December 7th, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—marked the start of World War II for the United States as Japanese fighters swooped in ...
  • Julio DeCastro: Hero of the USS Oklahoma Over 2400 Americans lost their lives when the Japanese launched their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. But amid the tragedy, there were also tales of heroism, of men who swooped in to the rescue, providing aid for those trapped in the most deadly of circumstances. One of these unsung heroes was Julio DeCastro, a civilian shipyard ...
  • The Effects of War: Martial Law in Hawaii In the immediate aftermath of the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, while the rest of the United States was gearing up for the great fight against the Axis Powers, the Hawaiian Islands were still stunned by what had happened in their midst. Though not yet a state, responsibility for Hawaii’s safety ...
  • The Arizona Memorial Experience Just over seventy-five years ago, the United States trembled with anger and fear as word of the Japanese assault on a far-flung naval base made its way across the nation. Over 2,400 people died during the attack on Pearl Harbor, with the greatest loss of life aboard the USS Arizona. 1,177 sailors and Marines perished. ...
  • Pearl Harbor: The Third Wave That Never Came Over the course of two hours, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched two destructive waves of fighters and bombers on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. The attack caused the deaths of over 2,400 Americans and left an immense amount of damage in its wake; but as devastating as it was at the time, the ...
  • The War in the Pacific Throughout its history, the United States has found itself engaged in quite a few conflicts, but some of the bloodiest and most devastating took place in the time span of 1941 to 1945. Locked in a brutal war with Imperial Japan, the United States and the Allies fought hard over a series of campaigns that, ...
  • More from the Deck Logs of the Pearl Harbor Attack There’s really only one way to truly get the most information and best understanding of an event, and that’s to have been there, on the inside, as it unfolded. While the attack on Pearl Harbor happened over 75 years ago and most of the men who survived it to tell the story have since passed ...
  • The Bell of the USS Vestal Relics of war pop up in some unexpected places, carried from one end of the world to the other, sometimes by ocean currents or other forces of nature, and sometimes by a relative of a soldier. Pearl Harbor artifacts continue to be found, such as the recent discovery of what one man believed to be ...
  • The Phantoms of the Pacific: Kido Butai It patiently waited, its target only 230 miles away. Waves rocked the ships as their commanders prepared for the inevitable launch that would change the world. The Pacific skies were blue, the first rays of the morning sun shining on the men scrambling across the decks of the massive force. Days prior, the fleet had undertaken ...
  • How Pearl Harbor Changed the World After Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, the United States opted to remain isolated from the conflict in Europe. As the British and French struggled to fight back the Nazi forces, the United States lent support in the form of resources, but decided not to get more involved by sending troops. That choice was rendered ...
  • Aftermath of Pearl Harbor: The Roberts Commission What exactly had happened? How did a fleet of over 400 enemy aircraft make its way across the Pacific undetected and into Hawaiian airspace? Why, over the course of two hours, did the Pearl Harbor and surrounding airfields suffer such devastating losses? These were just some of the questions that arose after the attack on Pearl ...
  • Pearl Harbor: Terms and People to Know The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor remains one of the most important events in American history. The horrific loss of life and the sinking of vital American ships on the morning of December 7, 1941 drew the United States into World War II and eventually made it the world power it is today. Once firmly ...
  • The Flag of the Nagato After World War II ended with the unconditional Japanese surrender, many of Japan’s ships were confiscated by the United States, their roles shifted from vessels of war to harmless ships used as targets for various US military exercises. The Japanese battleship Nagato survived World War II—despite being a target of the American campaign to eradicate ...
  • The Heroes of Marine Corps Air Station Ewa Not every hero of December 7th, 1941 was made within the confines of Pearl Harbor. While most of the Japanese attention was focused on the eight battleships moored along Battleship Row, some Japanese fighters and bombers detached from the main strike force to attack other strategic targets. Wheeler and Hickam Army Air Fields are each ...
  • USS Missouri: America’s Last Battleship It takes a lot for something to get to be called “mighty,”—even if it’s a US Navy battleship—but the USS Missouri (BB-63) did plenty to earn her nickname the “Mighty Mo.” It goes beyond her service in World War II and is more about how she became an iconic vessel of the United States Navy. Though she ...
  • Pearl Harbor Reading: Lauren Bruner’s Second to the Last to Leave USS Arizona There are many sources you can go to for your history lessons, especially for something that was as relatively recent in American history as the attack on Pearl Harbor. Occurring 75 years ago—a short time in the arc of American history—December 7, 1941 was a devastating day that will always be remembered for the over ...
  • Yamato: Japan’s Biggest Battleship We spend so much time discussing the American battleships that were destroyed and damaged during the Pearl Harbor attack and those that fought in the Pacific all through World War II that it’s easy to forget that Japan had its own battleships. On December 16th, 1941, only nine days after the Pearl Harbor assault launched ...
  • The Lone Vote Against Entering World War II On December 7th, 1941, the United States suffered one of its darkest days. Angered by trade sanctions enforced by the US, Japan launched a strike against the naval base at Pearl Harbor, located on the island of Oahu. During the tragic events that shattered a quiet Sunday morning, over 2,400 American men and women perished ...
  • Annie Fox: Pearl Harbor’s First Female Purple Heart Recipient   When we think of war, we tend to generalize it as a conflict of men. For millennia, only men served in militaries around the world, but today that’s an outdated concept that’s slowly becoming obsolete. During World War II, although American women weren’t offered the chance to take up arms they did participate in an ...
  • Leaders of the US Navy at Pearl Harbor At the time of the December 7th, 1941 surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, some of America’s best military minds were stationed there. Like all the other officers and enlisted men who were enjoying that peaceful Sunday morning, they were unaware of the magnitude of the tragedy that was heading towards them in the early hours of ...
  • The Ill-Fated Captain of the USS Arizona The USS Arizona (BB-39) suffered a fate on December 7th, 1941 that would make her one of the most iconic battleships of all time. During the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, multiple Japanese bombs struck the vessel, ultimately causing her to explode and sink to the harbor floor. With her, over 1,100 men died, most of ...
  • After Pearl Harbor: American War Production On December 6th, 1941, life in the United States was just like any other day. People went to work, factories produced whatever products or tools they always had; there wasn’t a lot for the nation to worry about, save for concerns about what was happening in Europe. World War II had been going on since September ...
  • The Fate of the Japanese Officers Behind Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl Harbor wasn’t some last-minute plan that was thought up over the course of several hours. It was a complex, highly-orchestrated assault that took many months to plan and the best military minds in Japan to pull off. Leading up to December 7th, 1941, relations between the United States and Japan were suffering ...
  • The Tragedy of the Son of Pearl Harbor’s Scapegoat In learning about the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s likely that you’ll hear about Admiral Husband E. Kimmel. He was the man in charge when the Japanese were able to fly into the harbor unnoticed, a fact that understandably earned him a lot of criticism. Whether Kimmel was responsible for the lack of preparedness for ...
  • How Pearl Harbor Inspired American Enlistment Those living on the US mainland couldn’t actually hear the explosions of the falling bombs or the crewmen’s screams that echoed throughout Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, but that doesn’t mean they weren’t stunned by Japan’s surprise attack. The entire nation felt the tragedy of the over 2,400 deaths that day ...
  • Remembering Robert May, USS Arizona Survivor To have survived the sinking of the USS Arizona was a miracle that not many of her crew were afforded. When she sank to the bottom of Pearl Harbor, her hull torn open by Japanese bombs, she had lost 1,177 members of her crew. The survivors who walked away from the attack, scarred from the ...
  • Rebuilding the US Pacific Fleet After the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, the American naval base on the island of Oahu, the Navy was left with a fleet that was significantly damaged and unfit for the coming war. At first glance, the damage done to the Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor may have seemed a lot worse than it was, ...
  • The B-24J-155-CO Memorial It’s highly recommended that anyone who travels to Oahu take a day out of their schedule of fun in the sun to visit the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument and Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. These incredible exhibits and memorials detail one of the most catastrophic events in American history, covering the ...
  • Honoring the 429: The USS Oklahoma Memorial On December 7th, 1941, the United States suffered a tragic blow when a fleet of Japanese aircraft flew into Oahu’s airspace and launched a deadly assault on the naval base at Pearl Harbor. Over the course of the two-hour attack, American sailors fought for their lives and those of their fellow servicemen against what must ...
  • On Eternal Patrol: The Lost Submarines of World War II During World War II, after the United States was dragged into the conflict by the events at Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, submarine warfare became a staple of war. The hidden vessels proved to be formidable foes even against the most sophisticated of navies as they often enjoyed an element of surprise. Though the ...
  • A Visit to the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific When planning your tropical escape to Hawaii, chances are you never considered that you might somehow wind up contemplating history over the grave of an American service member you never knew. Still, when you actually get to Oahu and hear about places like the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, Pearl Harbor ...
  • Pacific Aviation Museum Programs for Kids Teaching American history is one of the most important parts of shaping young minds to ensure the events that shaped this nation are never forgotten. That’s one reason why the Pacific Aviation Museum, one of the Pearl Harbor Historic Sites, focuses on educating children through a variety of different school and scout programs. Created for local ...
  • The “Fighting Mary”: USS Maryland For the men of the USS Maryland (BB-46), December 7th, 1941 started off like any other quiet Sunday morning. With the sun rising into the sky, many were getting ready for shore leave, while others were enjoying their breakfast and looking forward to another day of no action. Sundays were typically quiet aboard the battleship, and since ...
  • Recognition for Pearl Harbor Hero Joe George USS Arizona survivor Donald Stratton is looking to press Washington DC lawmakers to honor a fellow Pearl Harbor veteran for the heroic act that saved his life and those of several other Arizona crewmen. After a bomb ignited a huge cache of ammunition, Stratton and five other Arizona sailors were stranded on the burning vessel when ...
  • Mervyn Bennion: The Last Captain of USS West Virginia At the age of 54, Mervyn Bennion gave everything he had to his nation and to the men who served under him in the US Navy. Serving as captain of the USS West Virginia (BB-48), his bravery wasn’t something that was easily forgotten, earning him a Medal of Honor for having given his life defending his ...
  • Cornelia Fort and World War II For Cornelia Clark Fort, as for most other Americans, December 7th, 1941 began as a quiet Sunday morning. It started out as an otherwise normal day as she embarked on a civilian training flight near Pearl Harbor airspace. While in the middle of teaching takeoffs to her civilian student pilot, Cornelia became one of the first ...
  • How Much Time Should I Expect to Spend at Pearl Harbor? Every vacation comes with certain time constraints, so it’s important to plan each day accordingly. You may be looking at your Hawaiian vacation itinerary and wondering when you can squeeze in a visit to Pearl Harbor. Before you set aside just an hour or two to cover the World War II Valor in the Pacific ...
  • Cryptologists, the Purple Machine, and Pearl Harbor Behind the scenes of military conflicts throughout time, there was a team or individual dedicated to the often difficult task of determining what the enemy was doing or planning. While it seems like an impossible effort to pull off, these individuals sometimes worked day and night, picking apart their enemy’s coded messages in a way that ...
  • Bernie Comito and His Secret to Longevity Over 75 years ago, Bernard Comito found himself thrust into one of the most devastating days in American history. Only 17 years old, Bernie Comito had just enlisted in the US Navy, knowing of the growing tension between the United States and Japan, but unaware of what those rising tensions would eventually lead to. Like his ...
  • The Varsity Victory Volunteers The attack on Pearl Harbor was a disaster felt across the United States, but from that monumental tragedy came tales of heroics and patriotism. Stories like that of the Varsity Victory Volunteers, a band of Japanese-American college students who stepped up to defend the country that would soon turn on them. Immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Reserve ...
  • The Scars of War War is a devastating force that changes everything it touches. It’s not just the people involved who are affected by it; the actual landscape of the world can suffer under the destruction wrought by military forces locked in explosive battle. As World War II made its way around the globe, it left in its wake a ...
  • Mitsuo Fuchida’s Battle Map Mitsuo Fuchida, the man who led the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Striking Force at Pearl Harbor, was also responsible for the overall coordination of the attack. Though Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto planned the attack up until the moment it launched, it was Fuchida who led the first wave of planes and sent the message “Tora! Tora! Tora!” to indicate the element of ...
  • Preparing for Your Visit to Pearl Harbor You’ve finally decided to see a major slice of American history: Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu. As you prepare yourself for your Pearl Harbor visit, keep the following things in mind so you are absolutely prepared for your trek back through time to December 7th, 1941, the day Japan stunned the United States with a devastating aerial ...
  • History of Pearl Harbor: The West Loch Disaster On December 7th, 1941, the naval base at Pearl Harbor suffered its first large-scale tragedy. At 0755, a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers swooped in on the harbor and dropped a barrage of bombs and torpedoes. The main targets—the ships moored along Battleship Row—suffered the worst of the damage, resulting in the deaths of ...
  • December 7th, 1941 – A Brief Overview of Tragedy As the sun began its ascent into the sky, it was the start of a beautiful day of rest and relaxation for many of the servicemen stationed at Pearl Harbor. Those who had worked throughout the night and into the early hours of the morning were eager to begin a quiet Sunday. Many of the men ...
  • The Bell of the USS Sacramento Relics of the Pearl Harbor attack can be found all over the United States. Tacoma, WA is home to the remains of the USCG Tiger, a vessel that survived the attack only to become a rusted piece of scrap used a a breakwater. Exhibits and galleries showcasing scraps of metal from the wreckage of the USS Arizona pop ...
  • Declarations of War After Pearl Harbor Prior to the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the battlegrounds of World War II were clear. Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy were the main aggressors in the European Theater, fighting against the armies of the United Kingdom—and the British Commonwealth—the Soviet Union, and the Free French Army, with other nations providing ...
  • The Pearl Harbor-Tacoma, Washington Connection Separated by over 2,500 miles of ocean, the city of Tacoma, WA and the naval base at Pearl Harbor don’t seem to have much to connect them, but even 75 years after the devastating strike in Hawaii, there’s an unexpected element that links the two together: the US Coast Guard Cutter Tiger (WSC-152). Tacoma was alarmed ...
  • Britain’s Pearl Harbor: The Invasion of Malaya While the American naval base at Pearl Harbor was under bombardment by an Imperial Japanese Navy striking force, a British colony was also under attack. December 7,1941 was a devastating day in world history, touching nations around the globe as Japan made its move to further expand in East Asia and the Pacific. Over 6,700 miles west of Pearl Harbor, ...
  • The Mini Subs: Japan’s First Appearance at Pearl Harbor There are few historic events more known in the United States than the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Even though there have been countless retellings and a myriad of movies and hours of news coverage, it may come as a surprise to learn that there are still aspects of the surprise attack that ...
  • “Old Mary,” Pearl Harbor, and the War in the Pacific There are notable figures that come out of every conflict, whether they do so standing upright or lying down. For Pearl Harbor, one such figure, a survivor against all odds, was Old Mary. By the time December 7th, 1941 rolled around, Old Mary—otherwise known as Fighting Mary—was only 20 years old, having started her service ...
  • The POW of Pearl Harbor Kazuo Sakamaki isn’t a name many Americans are likely know. Born in Awa, Tokushima, Japan in 1918, he certainly wasn’t any sort of American hero. In fact, quite the opposite. Sakamaki served in the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1941, putting him squarely in the window of time to have taken part in a ...
  • The Pearl Harbor Baby Sometimes, it’s almost impossible to find any ray of light when a dark cloud washes over an entire nation. The December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor seemed to leave the United States devoid of any happiness, but even the greatest of tragedies can’t sully the most remarkable of events. An Unexpected Attack At 0755, a fleet ...
  • The Young Heroes of Pearl Harbor The heroes of Pearl Harbor included more than just the sailors aboard the vessels that took the brunt of the attack, or the servicemen who scrambled to fight back with little more than their rifles. They weren’t just the local nurses who dropped everything to assist the injured or the volunteers who assisted with the clean-up ...
  • Two Hours Defenseless, Four Years at War When most servicemen stationed at Pearl Harbor and around Oahu woke up on the morning of December 7th, 1941, they did so expecting a quiet Sunday. Those who were just ending their shifts were eager to start a little rest and relaxation with their loved ones, or just some free time off their vessels. The sun was still ...
  • Louis Zamperini: From Olympian to War Hero During World War II, the United States military comprised the most dedicated and bravest men and women it needed to emerge victorious. Things looked grim, especially at the start of the American involvement in the war, spurred by the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941. But these brave servicemen stepped up and gave ...
  • The Leader of the Japanese Striking Force The planning of Japan’s surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was headed by Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku. Though he was the idea man who determined when and how the attack would take place, Yamamoto had no part in the actual attack, instead selecting another notable naval aviator to lead the Japanese Striking Force in its charge on Pearl Harbor. Within nine years ...
  • The Pearl Harbor Historic Sites When you travel to Oahu, you’re very close to three important historic sites, all housed within the confines of Pearl Harbor. While their connection to the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor is mostly incidental, their designation as Pearl Harbor Historic Sites shows their importance in the history of the United States and World ...
  • The Invisible Effects of Pearl Harbor The effects of living through an event like the attack on Pearl Harbor are bound to be profound and lasting. Even for those who weren’t on the naval base itself at the time of the attack, being in proximity to it would have been enough to remove any sense of security they may have had. The noises ...
  • More Facts About the Attack on Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941. It will forever be one of the most notable dates in American history, the day Japan launched a surprise aerial assault on an US naval base. We’ve gathered some random facts about the attack on Pearl Harbor to paint a broader picture of what the attack really meant in the long run.         Avoiding ...
  • The Pacific Aviation Museum: Going Beyond Pearl Harbor When you arrive at Pearl Harbor to experience the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument and the other Pearl Harbor Historic Sites, you probably already know that you’re in for a historical journey back to December 7th, 1941. But is everything within these historically important sites limited to that day? Of course ...
  • The Visionary Architect of the USS Arizona Memorial There are many well-known names associated with Pearl Harbor. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who gave the famous “Infamy” speech to the US Congress the day after the attack. Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, the man widely blamed for the lack of preparedness that allowed the Japanese to take the naval base completely by surprise. Others are ...
  • Commemorating the Battle of Midway Over 75 years ago, the United States suffered one of the most devastating attacks on its soil. In the wake of the attacks, after being drawn into a war it had vowed to stay out of, Americans were locked in a back-and-forth struggle with the Imperial Japanese Navy, a force that proved to be formidable. On June ...
  • Admiral Yamamoto’s Doubts In the quiet of a Sunday morning in December, the skies over Pearl Harbor erupted in a hail of bullets, bombs, and torpedoes. The calm waters below instantly became a war zone as battleships erupted into flames. Smoke filled the air, rising high enough to be visible to pedestrians strolling through Honolulu. The assault on Pearl ...
  • The Hull Note: The Final Piece Leading to War Prior to the events of December 7th, 1941, the casual observer may have assumed that the United States was simply minding its own business when Japan conceived its malicious plan to send a strike force to Pearl Harbor. Initially, it seemed as if Japan struck without reason, beyond a fear that the United States would stonewall its ...
  • Facts About the USS Oklahoma During the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, the US Navy suffered the loss of several vessels vital to the fleet’s strength. Among them was the USS Oklahoma, a battleship that capsized after suffering fatal blows to her hull. When the Oklahoma sank, she took with her over 400 brave sailors many of whose remains were unidentified ...
  • The Lost Remains of the USS Arizona Ask anyone who’s been to Pearl Harbor about the USS Arizona and they’ll likely tell you about the memorial that sits in the middle of the harbor. As a guest at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you can visit the wreckage site of the ill-fated American battleship, but there’s actually more to ...
  • The Ships of the Japanese Striking Force The success of pulling off the attack on the Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941 wasn’t a miracle. The Imperial Japanese Navy employed vessels that made up the well-oiled task force that crossed the Pacific to launch the two waves of Japanese fighters and bombers to lay waste to the US Naval Base and the battleships moored ...
  • The Reemerging Story of Ensign John England The sinking of the USS Oklahoma occurred over 75 years ago and the story has been passed down across multiple generations, but it still has a profound effect on those linked to the over 400 sailors who perished as she sank to the bottom of Pearl Harbor. On December 7th, 1941, the Oklahoma came under fire from Japanese bombers and fighters. ...
  • Japan Since Pearl Harbor: How a Nation Changed Its Views At the time, it was a necessary action to solidify expansion through Asia and the Pacific. With the United States standing as a potential threat and roadblock, Japan would be without the means to achieve the very broad goals that it had in mind. With the US implementing trade embargoes, there seemed to be only ...
  • The Military Airfields on Oahu The attack on Pearl Harbor was a devastating event that had far-reaching consequences. Over 2,000 American servicemen were killed during the surprise Japanese attack. December 7th, 1941 became known as a “Date which will live in infamy”—one of the most important in all of American history. While we remember the naval base at Pearl Harbor ...
  • World War II History Across America The Second World War was a global conflict that affected nations all around the world. Though the United States entered the conflict two years after it started, the Americans had an important role in extinguishing the fires in the Pacific and in the fighting in Europe. Though no large-scale battles took place on American soil, ...
  • Pearl Harbor and the Fourth of July On July 4, 2017, the United States celebrates its 241st Independence Day. While the Declaration of Independence was signed many years prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, and we’ve enjoyed our freedom for many years, events like the attack on Pearl Harbor were a threat to the very things we aim to celebrate. Through the years since 1776, ...
  • Pearl Harbor by the Numbers Sometimes it’s difficult to get a true feel for the scope of an event without concrete numbers to back up the information and make it come to life. You already know that the Japanese launched a devastating attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. You also know that this was the catalyst for ...
  • The Importance of Remembering Every year, as the attack on Pearl Harbor recedes further into history, it’s imperative that we don’t let the memory of the attack slip away. Memorials, commemorations, museum galleries – they all work together to help us remember that devastating day in 1941, the moment in American history that was pegged as a “Date which will live ...
  • Frank Emond – Still Serving After 75 Years Many of the men and women who survived Pearl Harbor—and World War II in general—never really concluded their service. They may have retired, been honorably discharged, and never worked on a military installation again, but a good number of them went right on serving their country in one way or another. This is the story of one of ...
  • Pearl Harbor Welcomes the USS Illinois Pearl Harbor may best be known to civilians for its place in American history, but not everything about the iconic naval base is rooted in the past. The USS Arizona Memorial is the iconic face of December 7, 1941, and while it continues to draw travelers from all over the globe to honor those lost ...
  • The Haunting Scenes of Pearl Harbor There’s no denying the devastation that was wrought on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7th, 1941. It’s evident at the USS Arizona Memorial, that sits in the middle of the harbor overlooking the remains of the mighty battleship for which it’s named. It’s clear from the stories that are retold throughout the World War II ...
  • Hawaii After Pearl Harbor Beginning just before 0800 on December 7th, 1941, the world changed. Families lost loved ones, people across the United States were stunned, and tensions in the Pacific exploded. While the world soon felt the effects of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the most directly affected region was undoubtedly Hawaii. Once it was understood that a foreign enemy ...
  • A Quick History of American–Japanese Relations On the morning of December 7th, 1941, there was no mistaking the message that Japan wanted to send: they had had enough of being policed by the US. The Empire of Japan sought to take over the Pacific, and nothing was going to stand in its way. Though tensions between the two nations erupted on that ...
  • The Consequences of Pearl Harbor Every drastic action comes with consequences. On December 7th, 1941, Japan surprised the United States in one of the most stunning moves of the war by bombing the naval base at Pearl Harbor. From that decision to attack the officially-neutral power, a series of consequences was set into motion that changed the course of history forever. Within the ...
  • The American Fleet Damaged at Pearl Harbor When discussing the ships lost at Pearl Harbor, it’s easy to focus solely on the battleships that took the brunt of the attack, but there were many other ships present, and few of them emerged from the two-hour assault completely unscathed. The following is a list of American vessels that were significantly damaged or destroyed during the attack on ...
  • Fast Facts About the Mighty Mo Built into the history of the attack on Pearl Harbor is the tale of a vessel that wasn’t even there at the time. Within the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, among the memorials and exhibits dedicated to the Japanese attack on December 7th, 1941, you’ll find a peculiar vessel. You’ve read up on the ...
  • The Mighty Mo: The American Symbol of Victory When you visit the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you’ll be able to walk within and aboard the Battleship Missouri (BB-63), affectionately known as the “Mighty Mo.” Those who know their history may raise an eyebrow at the presence of the Mighty Mo at Pearl Harbor. Launched in 1944, the Missouri obviously wasn’t present ...
  • Beyond the History: The Pearl Harbor National Wildlife Refuge As you make your way through the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, it’s easy to forget that surrounding this slice of American history is an ecological wonder that’s home to some of the world’s most striking flora and fauna. With each year that passes, we continue to encroach upon territory that ...
  • Are We Forgetting About Pearl Harbor? Over 75 years have passed between the day Pearl Harbor was attacked by a Japanese force and today, and there’s a real concern that we may slowly be forgetting all that we need to remember about the events of December 7, 1941. Is the weight of the attack slowly drifting away, especially as more and more of the Pearl ...
  • Facts about the USS Arizona (BB-39) When people discuss the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s difficult not to bring up the USS Arizona. Considered one of the greatest tragedies of that day, the mighty Pennsylvania-class battleship suffered multiple torpedo and bomb strikes, causing her to explode and sink to the harbor floor. In the chaos of the December 7th, 1941 Japanese ...
  • From the Ashes of Pearl Harbor: The US Navy Seabees The heroes of the United States Navy weren’t only the men and women on the front lines. Behind the scenes, doing incredible things that the general public wouldn’t necessarily know about, was a group of naval volunteers performing tasks that, while they wouldn’t make headlines, would assist in the war in an crucial way. After the shock of ...
  • What is the Passport to Pearl Harbor? When you do some online research about Pearl Harbor and the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you may come across mention of a “Passport to Pearl Harbor.” Don’t worry, you don’t actually need a passport to get into Pearl Harbor, but just as a passport grants you access to other countries, ...
  • The Monuments of Pearl Harbor It’s sometimes difficult to get the full story about a historic event from one place. Artifacts are spread all over, and are often divided among different monuments of the event. One event in American history that those general rules don’t apply to is the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Though you’ll find different memorials ...
  • Facts About the USS Utah Though the USS Utah (BB-31) was reclassified and demilitarized into a target ship ten years prior to the Pearl Harbor attack, that didn’t save her from suffering the wrath of the Japanese. In the early minutes of the assault, the Utah was struck by two torpedoes and started flooding. Of her crew of 525, 64 officers ...
  • The PBY Catalina: The American Flying Boat While a multitude of aircraft took part in the action, there was one class of plane that may very well be the most-recognized of all World War II flying machines. The PBY Catalina, otherwise known as the Flying Boat, served a multitude of uses during World War II, having taken part in anti-submarine warfare, convoy ...
  • Why Didn’t Japan Finish Off Pearl Harbor? Looking back at the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s evident that mistakes were made on both sides. While the United States is believed to have made the gravest by not being prepared for the Japanese assault, it’s also worth noting that Japan’s miscues were equally detrimental. For all practical purposes, the attack on Pearl Harbor ...
  • The Technologies of Pearl Harbor When humans first walked the Earth, their wars and conflicts were fought with sticks, stones, and whatever natural features they could use to their advantage. Far from the technology we know today, it was primitive but it served as well as it needed to. Keep that in mind as we look back a mere 75 years ...
  • The Lost Top-Secret Pearl Harbor Mission During the early days of the war in Europe, the United States implemented a program within Hawaii that selected a group of prominent citizens throughout Honolulu who would be of strategic value in the event of an act of war against the nation. While the US did its best to avoid joining the war, by 1941, after ...
  • Turning Point: The Battle of Midway   On December 7th, 1941, an aerial force of the Imperial Japanese Navy entered American airspace and commenced one of the worst attacks ever felt on American soil. The Territory of Hawaii came under fire as Japanese bombers and fighter planes fired off a relentless barrage, devastating the US Pacific Fleet. Over 2,400 Americans died during ...
  • The US Navy’s Recovery After Pearl Harbor There’s a reason Japan set its sights on Pearl Harbor. It wasn’t just to send a message to the United States, to show that it wouldn’t stand by while the Americans placed an embargo on the country’s trade. It was a preemptive maneuver to try and diminish the usefulness of the US Navy in the ...
  • The Inevitable War, the Surprise Attack That tensions between the United States and Japan were reaching an all-time high was no surprise. Japanese advances across Asia didn’t bode well for American interests, despite trade deals that saw exports of steel and other raw materials coming from the US to supply Japan’s industries. While much of the nation was against the notion of ...
  • 75 Years of History in One Place American history can be observed and experienced all across the United States. From the museums in Washington DC to the Old West landmarks along Route 66, you’re never too far from a historic journey through time. One such spot is the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor, memorializing the surprise attack ...
  • Japan’s Attack Force at Pearl Harbor For the Imperial Japanese Navy to successfully pull off an attack on American territory, it needed two things: the element of surprise and a sizable force. By the morning of December 7th, 1941, they had accomplished both, resulting in the deaths of over 2,000 servicemen and civilians, and the American shift in policy in regard to World War ...
  • Pearl Harbor and the End of American Isolationism When you look at the policies of the United States today, it’s pretty easy to tell that it isn’t a nation driven by any sort of isolationism. Sometimes chided for being too involved in the world’s affairs, America wasn’t always as involved as it is today. In fact, looking back to the history of World War II, ...
  • The Economic Warfare that Led to Pearl Harbor The conflict between the United States and Japan has long since been extinguished, but over 75 years ago, the two powers were locked in a tense struggle. Before Japan and the US became locked in bloody battles across the Pacific, and before the Imperial Japanese Navy launched their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, the US had ...
  • The Words of Pearl Harbor Take a look through major events in world history and you’ll notice an aspect common to them all – every event can be defined by the words of the people who were part of it. Over 75 years ago, the United States was devastated by the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Across the Pacific, the ...
  • The Terror of Pearl Harbor: Japan’s Thunder Fish Though it sounds more like a mythological monster, the Thunder Fish was a real object that played a vital role in Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. Otherwise known as a variant of the Type 91 aerial torpedo, this pride of the Imperial Japanese Navy was the US Navy’s worst enemy on December 7th, 1941. While torpedoes ...
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor Casualties Over the course of nearly two hours during the morning of December 7th, 1941, a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers assaulted the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in hopes of crippling the US Navy for the duration of World War II. The attack was devastating for the Americans, though the Japanese plan ultimately ...
  • The Mystery of the Sunken PBY-5 Flying Boat At the onset of the attack on Pearl Harbor, American sailors stationed at the naval base were quick to react to the sounds of gunfire and explosions echoing from Battleship Row. While many of the men were without a means of fighting back, save for rifles that would prove futile against Japanese fighters and bombers, the ...
  • How Japan Kept Pearl Harbor a Surprise To a civilian thinking about the logistics of a surprise attack on a military base, it seems almost impossible to pull off. We tend to imagine untouchable bases protected by the best military defense and watched over by enough detection equipment that even a seagull flying hundreds of miles away could be spotted. Of course, Pearl Harbor ...
  • The Scattered Remnants of Pearl Harbor Though the attack on Pearl Harbor was a very public affair and affected the entire United States, not every piece of the remains of Pearl Harbor are available for public viewing. They’re not hidden secrets of history per se, but relics of the attack that are reserved specifically for the men and women serving in ...
  • Pearl Harbor on Memorial Day The Sun is shining early in the morning, the barbecues are being fired up, and the swimming pools are uncovered – summer must be creeping towards us! Before we get to summer, there’s an important American holiday to celebrate. Memorial Day is looked at by some simply as an excuse for taking a vacation, but for ...
  • The Battleships of Pearl Harbor There was a reason the Japanese had their sights set on Pearl Harbor: it was home to the US Pacific Fleet and they knew that the ships based there would prove a nuisance in the Pacific. Though no aircraft carriers were present on the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked other targets in their efforts to ...
  • Where the Japanese Went Wrong at Pearl Harbor Looking at the events of Pearl Harbor, it may seem like the United States suffered the greatest blow it could have that day, but in retrospect, the outcome could have been far worse. The United States was able to recover from the blow quickly—something Japan had not counted on—and become a formidable foe in the ...
  • Three Key Players of Pearl Harbor For the attack on Pearl Harbor to be orchestrated, Japan needed somebody at the helm. For the United States to react, a government official would need to step forward. To justify how the US completely missed the signs that Japan was planning an attack, there needed to be a scapegoat for blame to fall on. The ...
  • USS Utah: From Battleship to Memorial When you visit the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you may hear of a memorial that’s only open to military personnel. On the opposite side of Ford Island, away from the USS Arizona Memorial and the Battleship Missouri, is the memorial for the men of the USS Utah (BB-31), a battleship that, since ...
  • Road to War: The Lead-Up to Pearl Harbor What causes a nation to attack an unsuspecting naval base filled with men simply going about their day? How do the leaders of a country justify the killing of thousands, in a nation it’s not even at war with? These are questions that many people pose when they look at the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on ...
  • Keeping History Alive: Remembering Pearl Harbor It’s a sad fact that as time passes, the memories of some of the most important days in history will eventually fade. Will we be able to keep these memories alive and ensure that these momentous days in our past never fade away? Nothing is guaranteed, but for Pearl Harbor, the World War II Valor in ...
  • Mitsuo Fuchida’s Change of Heart On December 7th, 1941, Mitsuo Fuchida was an enemy to the United States, but much changed over the course of his life. By the time he died in 1976, Fuchida’s change of heart had taken him from being a Japanese fighter pilot to an evangelical Christian with a United States Green Card. An event like Pearl Harbor is sure to ...
  • The Sons and Daughters of Pearl Harbor: Helping the Memory Live On December 7th, 1941 wasn’t just another day on the calendar. It may have started off like any normal day, but that December Sunday very quickly transformed into one of the most important dates in American history. By 0800, there was no denying the significance of the day as Japanese fighters flew in from the Pacific ...
  • All-in-One Pass to Pearl Harbor Over 75 years ago, the United States mainland was waking up to news that Japan had attacked the naval base at Pearl Harbor. Panic set in and speculation spread throughout the nation; most importantly, a sense of patriotism erupted across the country. Back at Pearl Harbor, over 2,400 American sailors had died and multiple battleships had ...
  • Terminal Island: A Lost Tale of World War II The attack on Pearl Harbor changed thousands of lives. The most frequently talked about are the 2,403 American servicemen who died during the attack. What’s often overlooked, since it doesn’t paint the United States in the best light, are the over 100,000 Japanese and Japanese-American citizens who were incarcerated in internment camps shortly after the attack. Distrusting anyone with ...
  • Survivor George Allen Celebrates 95th Birthday At the age of 20, George Allen had been enlisted in the United States armed forces for over a year when he found himself sucked into one of the most devastating days in American history. On December 7th, 1941, the young soldier was assigned to kitchen patrol, an uneventful morning of peeling potatoes that started ...
  • Why Visit Pearl Harbor? The Importance of Pearl Harbor Tours Why do we sit through hours of lectures covering events that we weren’t even alive for? What’s the benefit of knowing how a certain conflict that may be hundreds of years old was resolved or why a certain nation may have pursued complete control of a region? The common answer is that history can repeat ...
  • JRS-1 and The Daring Flight of Wesley Hoyt Ruth Everybody had their jobs. For Wesley Hoyt Ruth, on December 7th, 1941, when the Japanese started bombing Pearl Harbor, his job was of the utmost importance: locate the Japanese fleet responsible for the incoming fighters and bombers. While sailors and Marines scrambled at the harbor to fight back and rescue the injured and trapped, Ruth ...
  • USS Nevada – The Navy’s First Super-Dreadnought On December 7th, 1941, eight battleships were moored in a grouping at Pearl Harbor, making up what’s become known as Battleship Row. The USS Arizona and USS Oklahoma, two of Pearl Harbor’s ill-fated vessels, were moored there and received the brunt of the Japanese attack, but they were far from the only tragedies felt that ...
  • Pearl Harbor’s Medal of Honor Recipients Many heroes rose to the occasion during the attack on Pearl Harbor, but some were recognized for their heroic efforts to protect their fellow servicemen. For their service, many received America’s highest military recognition – the Congressional Medal of Honor. The following sailors and Marines, stationed on Oahu and aboard the ill-fated battleships, are among those who ...
  • A Quiet Sunday Morning in December When discussing the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s easy to forget that just moments before the first bombs fell at around 0755, the sailors serving aboard the battleships and other vessels moored in the harbor were going about their business as normal. Nothing about that quiet Sunday morning gave any indication of what was to ...
  • Legacy of the USS Tennessee Many US Navy vessels were present during the attack on Pearl Harbor, but it was the battleships that bore the brunt of the surprise attack. Among the mighty vessels moored within the harbor, lined up perfectly for Japanese bombers to target them, was the USS Tennessee (BB-43). While not as widely recognized as the USS Arizona, the Tennessee’s ...
  • The USS Bowfin: The Pearl Harbor Avenger The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor is a fitting tribute to the servicemen who lost their lives during the Japanese attack. Though many of the exhibits and memorials are directly connected with the attack, there’s one that may seem a little out of place. The USS Bowfin (SS-287) only ...
  • World War II: The Attacks on American Soil For the United States, World War II started with an attack on American soil. At the time, Hawaii was an American territory and Pearl Harbor was an American naval installation. While it was the first attack on American soil and was the catalyst for the United States joining the war, it wasn’t the only attack ...
  • Pearl Harbor Exhibits: Galleries of War To learn about history, it’s often best to go directly to the source. To know about the people and the events that surround a notable event, hearing their words and seeing the things they touched help bring you back to that day. You can learn all the facts and statistics about Pearl Harbor on the Internet, ...
  • Pearl Harbor Welcomes the USS Frank Cable: Bringing Together Generations of Service On October 29th, 1979, the USS Frank Cable (AS-40), an American submarine tender, was commissioned into the United States Navy. Her mission was to tend to the Los Angeles-class attack subs and, after her commission, spent several years serving as the repair ship for Submarine Squadrons Four and Eighteen off the coast of Charleston, SC. Later, the ...
  • Howard Linn, USS Nevada Survivor On December 7th, 1941, the Japanese assaulted Pearl Harbor, killing over 2,400 American sailors, Marines, and civilians. On March 19th, 2017, Howard Linn, a former sailor aboard the USS Nevada joined his fellow former shipmates wherever it is that heroes of war go after they die. Howard Linn was 95 years old when he passed away ...
  • The Secret Mission After Pearl Harbor After the smoke of the Pearl Harbor attack started to clear and the United States was able to get a bearing on its situation, government officials knew there was little time to regroup. Whether or not the Japanese would launch another attack or even a full-scale invasion was a question officials had no time to ...
  • Touring Oahu’s History Oahu’s History Have you ever wondered just how far back into time the history of a place like Oahu goes? Was it always an incredible getaway or was it once the home of ancient civilizations? We’d like to take you through the lengthy history of Oahu, going back to long before you ever considered setting foot on ...
  • Visitor Etiquette at Pearl Harbor Over 2,400 Americans were killed during the Japanese attack on December 7th, 1941. After the war that ensued finally ended, the United States sought a means of memorializing the men and women who suffered during the surprise attack. In 2008, the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor was established, providing ...
  • Uniting the States: America’s Reaction to Pearl Harbor Events like the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001 have proven that in times of turmoil, citizens of the United States will band together for the good of the nation. While there are multiple instances throughout America’s history, the American reaction to Pearl Harbor after the attack on December 7th, 1941 is often ...
  • The Fate of the USS Arizona Band On December 7th, 1941, on the coast of Oahu, those stationed at the naval installation of Pearl Harbor were unaware that they would soon become a part of history. Just before 8 AM, their lives were changed forever and many of them became forever engraved in America’s history. Among the 1,177 sailors who perished aboard the USS ...
  • America After the Attack It didn’t take long for the attack on Pearl Harbor to change the United States in major ways. An overwhelming amount of support for joining World War II echoed throughout the country after the attack, and residents no longer felt the sense of security of being far away from the war; they suddenly realized that distance alone couldn’t ...
  • Taking Children to Pearl Harbor The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor is a family-friendly destination that gives insight into one of the worst attacks the United States has ever seen. It’s a somber journey through time, a series of exhibits, documentaries, and memorials that serve as a learning and educational experience for people ...
  • The Navy’s New Destroyer On May 27th, 2010, the United States lost another World War II veteran when former Chief Petty Officer and centenarian John William Finn passed away. More than just a former sailor who served his nation, John Finn served during one of the United States’ darkest times – the attack on Pearl Harbor. Stationed at Naval Air Station ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: John S. Harper Before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Navy men like John S. Harper were simply doing their jobs. They woke up, got dressed, and engaged in their daily activities just like millions of other Americans. When the first signs of trouble hit the harbor, however, many of these men were transformed into heroes. John Harper wasn’t ...
  • Pearl Harbor Filmography: Movies Worth Watching Hollywood movies might not be the best way to get the most accurate information, but that doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy a slightly fictionalized account of historical events – as long as you can recognize the inaccuracies as they come. On the subject of Pearl Harbor, there are dozens of movies you can sit down ...
  • Your Pearl Harbor Agenda On December 7th, 1941, Japanese fighters and bombers swooped in on Pearl Harbor, devastating airfields and mighty battleships lined up at Battleship Row. The attack is such an important part of American history that Pearl Harbor became the main site of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. During your time at Pearl Harbor, ...
  • The Unexpected Heroines of Pearl Harbor When the Japanese swooped in on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, it did more than devastate the United States Pacific Fleet. It brought people together and encouraged otherwise passive civilians to join the response effort in some capacity. During the course of the attack, many people didn’t stop to think about what they could do ...
  • The Mind Behind Pearl Harbor Who was the mind behind Pearl Harbor? War with the United States was inevitable. Though the Americans refused to pick up arms and join the battle, it would only be long before they were drawn in to fight Hitler’s conquest of Europe. Though engaged with Japan in negotiations, no headway was being made and tensions between ...
  • Pearl Harbor’s Civilians The level of devastation that the military installation at Pearl Harbor sustained after the Japanese launched a surprise attack on December 7, 1941 was dumbfounding, but the damage extended further than Battleship Row and the decimated airfields. While Japan’s fighters and bombers had clear targets and were aiming at the large battleships moored in the harbor and ...
  • Everett Hyland: Surviving Pearl Harbor and Beyond On December 7th, 1941, the servicemen stationed at Pearl Harbor fell victim to one of the most devastating attacks to ever take place on American soil. Japanese fighters flew in on the harbor in an attempt to lay waste to the ships moored at Battleship Row. While over 2,400 servicemen perished in the attack, many ...
  • Pearl Harbor’s Forgotten Battleship Touring the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor located on the south coast of Oahu, you can learn and understand the stories behind the battleships USS Arizona (BB-39), USS Missouri (BB-63), and the USS Oklahoma (BB-37). These ships are prominent features of the harbor, each with its own exhibits, but anyone ...
  • February 1932: The Other “Attack on Pearl Harbor” We all recognize December 7th, 1941 as the day the Japanese swept through Pearl Harbor, leaving behind a wake of destruction that instigated America’s involvement in World War II. How about February 7th, 1932, though? It was well before the Second World War broke out, but tensions were already on the rise between the United States ...
  • Destroyer Division 80 The USS Ward, USS Schley, USS Allen, USS Chew: They may not be among the better-known vessels that were present during the attack on Pearl Harbor, but their presence that morning was more prominent than their absence in retellings may make it seem. The four ships, all destroyer-class vessels in the United States Navy, made ...
  • Why Pearl Harbor Didn’t Succeed Strange as it may sound, it can quite reasonably be argued that Japan did not achieve a complete victory during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Considering what the intention was and what the long-term outcome wound up being, though the United States can’t be called a victor, neither can Japan’s forces. Simply stated, Pearl Harbor ...
  • The Accountability of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel As you learn more about the history of the United States, you often find yourself hearing different versions of how major events unfolded. The attack on Pearl Harbor is no exception, especially since the soldiers who fought there are growing older and passing on, leaving fewer people behind to right the incorrect versions of history. When it comes ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Ray Chavez At over 100 years old, Pearl Harbor’s oldest living veteran has shown less wear-and-tear than the machinery that served and survived the infamous Japanese attack. In March of 2016, Pearl Harbor hero Ray Chavez celebrated his 104th birthday, but instead of gorging on cake and taking it easy, the vet was pumping iron at a ...
  • Myths About the Attack on Pearl Harbor Much is known about the attack on Pearl Harbor, but one has to stop every so often and consider how much of it is truth and how much has been twisted over the years. Seventy-five years ago, the naval base on Oahu’s coast fell victim to a surprise attack by the Japanese, launching the United States ...
  • Revisiting the Past: How Japan Views Pearl Harbor It’s likely that a survey of Japanese people taken during the early 1940s about the attack on Pearl Harbor would show broad agreement that it was a necessity. It wasn’t just a declaration of war against the United States and an attempt to cripple the American Navy, it was one in a series of battles against ...
  • Four Pearl Harbor Documentaries Worth Looking For The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument is an incredible resource for learning what occurred on December 7th, 1941, when the Japan’s aerial and seafaring forces attacked Pearl Harbor, but it can be tough to absorb everything you hear about during the course of your tour. A lot of stories are told, many ...
  • What If America Hadn’t Dropped the Atom Bombs? As we learn more and more about the Second World War, we begin to see that some things we were initially taught may not be completely accurate. For instance, it’s widely believed that Japan only surrendered due to the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but the reality is that the two atom bombs may have ...
  • The World After War Any sort of conflict leaves a mark on those involved in it, and when that conflict encompasses a good portion of the entire world, it’s bound to be a very large mark. After the conclusion of World War II with the surrender of Germany and Japan, much had changed across the globe. Over the years that ...
  • Why Pearl Harbor is the Most Important Stop During Your Stay “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” This helps to explain the importance of places like the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument. It is our belief that anyone who visits the island of Oahu should take the time to visit Pearl Harbor. The exhibits and memorials there honor the servicemen ...
  • The Overlooked Memorials of Pearl Harbor The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor, on the southern the coast of Oahu, is the go-to source for information and exhibits regarding the surprise attack on December 7th, 1941. Just before 0800, Japanese fighters flew into Hawaiian airspace and launched a full-scale attack on the harbor, destroying dozens of ...
  • The Radar Warning That Went Unheeded Early on the morning of December 7, 1941, George E. Elliott, Jr. was manning new radar equipment, a state-of-the-art SCR-270, on the northern tip of Oahu alongside fellow serviceman Joseph Lockard. A few hours later,  the tragic events of that day started to unfold. Would things have turned out differently had a radar warning they ...
  • The Other “Pearl Harbor” The attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the worst foreign attacks on American soil in history, launching a campaign across the country to enter World War II and retaliate against the Japanese aggressors. Soon after the attack on the Oahu harbor, Japan had its sights set elsewhere, looking to expand its hold across the Pacific and ...
  • Hawaii After Pearl Harbor When Japanese fighters breached Hawaiian airspace on the morning of December 7, 1941 and launched a surprise attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor, the entire country changed overnight. From California to Maine, the United States bled patriotism, and joined a war effort they were previously adamant about staying out of. While the nation prepared ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Peter Tomich The United States is an incredibly diverse land, home to people of dozens of ethnicities who are just as proud of their new  country as people who were born and raised here. This sense of nationalism among immigrants isn’t a new concept to the US, and if there was ever a story that illustrates this, it’s ...
  • The Legacy of the USS Nevada Pearl Harbor was such a profound shock to the United States that, even 75 years later, we continue to talk about the attack and its continued impact on the nation. Responsible for bringing the United States into World War II, it’s imperative we never forget the attack, and equally important is that we don’t forget those ...
  • The King and the USS Arizona Memorial Upkeep for any sort of National Monument or government-sanctioned memorial is typically not an inexpensive proposition. From paying employees to keeping up the maintenance on the many attractions and exhibits, a place like the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument requires plenty of capital to keep running. Even more costly than the ...
  • Seeing Inside Pearl Harbor: Navy Deck Logs from the Attack Knowing exactly what happened at Pearl Harbor used to require one to have actually been present at the time of the attack. Even specifics about accounts and memories from survivors can be muddied by the adrenaline rush and the action of what’s unfolding around them. What does help paint the best picture are documents pulled specifically ...
  • Myths About Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941 is one of the most notable and recognized dates in United States history. On the morning of what would have been just another monotonous winter day, Japanese attackers flew into Pearl Harbor and commenced a bombardment on the massive vessels in Battleship Row. Resulting in the deaths of over 2,400 servicemen and civilians, It was ...
  • Top 10 Ways to See Oahu from Above, Part 2 Last time, we took you droning, skydiving, and flying in planes and helicopters. This time, we stick a little closer to the ground, providing you with views of the region that we’re sure will take your breath away.     Ziplining at Kualoa Ranch Glide over Jurassic Park land along a zipline! It’s an adrenaline-rush ride that will make you feel like ...
  • Top 10 Ways to See Oahu from Above, Part 1 There’s nothing quite like a bird’s eye view, and we’ve found some unique options that will have you exploring Oahu from a new perspective and leave you begging for more. Skydive Oahu On the North Shore of Oahu, in Waialua, there are a couple of great locations to start your skydiving adventure over some of the most ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Kenneth M. Taylor The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor spurred many into action, most of whom were living aboard the many vessels present throughout the harbor. There were some American flyers, however, who managed to take to the skies. Many American and Japanese pilots were downed, but there were survivors who lived through the devastation and continued on ...
  • Pearl Harbor Artifacts Relics of events long since past are found all over the world, reminders of conflicts that left their mark on the lands they were fought across. Considering how relatively recent the attack on Pearl Harbor was, it’s not unfathomable to think there are still hidden treasures and artifacts waiting to be salvaged from their graves ...
  • Even More Pearl Harbor Facts When it comes to the most important events in history, there are typically little tidbits of information not readily known, sometimes even by those who were involved in the event. The attack on Pearl Harbor may have only lasted a few hours, but there is a slew of incredible factoids that have emerged from it. ...
  • Pearl Harbor Timeline We know the basic story of December 7th, 1941. On a quiet Sunday morning, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor, on the island of Oahu. A look at a timeline of the attack paints a bigger picture of those involved and the sequence of events that culminated in the United ...
  • The Pearl Harbor Spy The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor seemed to go off without a hitch. The United States Pacific Fleet was completely unprepared and the Japanese knew exactly what to hit them with. Even with general knowledge about Pearl Harbor and Battleship Row, for such a plan to come together so perfectly, it would seem that Japan ...
  • Women of the War World War II was not just a war fought by the military factions of each country. The moment that the declaration of war rang through the United States, the entire nation invested itself in the conflict overseas. While, for the U.S. at least, it was very much a war fought primarily by men, that doesn’t ...
  • What was Learned from Pearl Harbor From every tragedy throughout history, there was a lesson to be learned. While it may be hidden beneath the sorrow and devastation, the message is there for future generations to learn from. When it comes to the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s easy to get lost in the fact that over 2,400 Americans lost their ...
  • Top Pearl Harbor Experiences You Can’t Miss When you plan your trip to Pearl Harbor, try to factor in as many of these top Pearl Harbor experiences as possible. 1. Take a guided tour of the city and the Pearl Harbor memorials, so that you can get the best of both worlds. This is a great introduction to Pearl Harbor and is often ...
  • The Wildlife of Pearl Harbor The surprise Japanese attack on December 7, 1941 changed the history of the Pearl Harbor forever, making it challenging to think of anything else when someone even mentions the place. It’s important, however, to not forget that Pearl Harbor is more than just a memorial for a devastating day in American history. Among the memorials and ...
  • America Fights Back: Japan’s Losses at Pearl Harbor The attack on Pearl Harbor was a devastating blow to the United States Pacific Fleet’s base, leaving over 2,400 dead, sunken battleships, and demolished structures in its wake. The devastation that day was acutely felt by the United States, and as the country is known for doing, it fought back with everything it had. Though taken by surprise, ...
  • Could Pearl Harbor Happen Again? America the Vulnerable On December 7th, 1941, no one stationed at Battleship Row or anywhere else in Pearl Harbor had the slightest inkling that the morning would end in bloodshed and tragedy. For them, it was a calm Sunday morning, their breakfast just another in a long string of monotonous meals. It wasn’t ignorance on their part, ...
  • Interesting Facts About Wai Momi (Pearl Harbor) Interesting Facts About Oahu’s Pearl Harbor When someone mentions Pearl Harbor, chances are the first thing that comes to mind is not the actual harbor on Oahu but the event that transformed it into a household name. While we enjoy taking our time to dive back into the days surrounding the Japanese attack, the story of the ...
  • America’s Most Decorated: Audie Murphy Throughout the course of conflicts, there are soldiers who go above and beyond, putting their lives at risk protecting their country and brothers-in-arms. They’re the true definition of a hero, earning accolades from their superiors and the gratitude of their country. Whether or not they survive the battle, these gallant figures are awarded a variety of medals. Depending ...
  • Catching Up on History: Five Pearl Harbor Books Worth Reading Getting to know American history can be as simple as hopping online, but with countless blogs and reposts of somebody else’s words, the true impact of events can become blunted and distorted. When it comes to the history of Pearl Harbor and the Japanese attack in 1941, the impact the event had on the country ...
  • How and Why Japan Didn’t Succeed at Pearl Harbor Looking back at the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s difficult to see it as anything other than a Japanese victory. Enemy fighters took those stationed there completely by surprise and decimated the US Navy’s forces, killing over 2,400 and laying waste to battleships and aircraft. But is that enough to consider Japan’s risky maneuver a complete success? As history shows, ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Robert R. Scott It was a calm Sunday morning in December; an ordinary day that didn’t seem to be of any significance. Men like Robert R. Scott were enjoying the quiet of the morning, some engaging in various activities to pass the time, others having breakfast with their shipmates. But in the distance a storm was brewing, an ...
  • What Happened to the Japanese Fighters Who Were Shot Down? The attack on Pearl Harbor ended with much heavier losses sustained by the Americans than the Japanese, but the raiding party of 353 fighters still lost men and equipment. By the time the Japanese finished their raid—leaving behind pillars of smoke and raging fires—29 fighters had been lost and around 65 pilots were killed. While we ...
  • Hidden Pearl Harbor Unseen Relics of the War As you’re going through the Pearl Harbor memorials, soaking in the abundance of history delivered by the numerous exhibits and museums, consider how much of that history has been lost at the bottom of the harbor or swept away into the depths of the Pacific. Though much was lost during the ...
  • The All-Encompassing Pearl Harbor Experience There are many ways you can brush up on your Pearl Harbor history. You can try to find old television specials, pick up published accounts, visit dedicated web sites and social media groups. Or, for the best Pearl Harbor experience, you can actually visit the site of the shocking Japanese attack. On December 7th, 1941, ...
  • How America Changed After Pearl Harbor When something as shocking as the events of December 7th, 1941 happens, it’s bound to bring about changes to those most affected by it. Similar to what happened after the September 11th attacks sixty years later—patriotism and a sense of camaraderie across the US—the attack on Pearl Harbor altered the perception of the country, causing a ...
  • Best Tours you can do at Pearl Harbor – Part 2 There are so many fantastic Pearl Harbor tours, so to help you mix things up a bit, here are two more amazing Pearl Harbor tours that are guaranteed to provide you with a historical and cultural experience like no other. Private Pearl Harbor Tour from Turtle Bay Resort Your private visit begins at the entrance of Turtle Bay ...
  • How Weather Affected Pearl Harbor You might think you know everything there is to know about the history-changing attack on Pearl Harbor, but there are still some elements that get lost amid the retellings, exhibits, and memorials. Though it may not seem like a vital piece of the puzzle that led to the destruction at Oahu’s military harbor, weather played ...
  • The Lost Tapes: Pearl Harbor For the 75th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States came together to remember the men and women touched by the devastation brought on by the Japanese onslaught. The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor hosted ceremonies for the survivors and commemorated those lost. These events were ...
  • A Day at Pearl Harbor The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor shines a light on an important chapter in American history, providing guests with a trip through time back to December 7th, 1941. When touring the expansive memorial, which encompasses a series of standing exhibits and relics from the war, visitors are able to get a ...
  • Japan’s Initiative: What if the Attack on Pearl Harbor Never Happened? We know that on December 7th, 1941, Japanese bombers launched an attack on Pearl Harbor, officially drawing the United States into World War II. After the attack, American forces battled in the Pacific and European fronts, lending aid to Allied soldiers at Normandy and other notable battles while fending off Japan’s forces on the other ...
  • Why Didn’t America Join the War Sooner? Before the United States joined World War II in response to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the great battle had been raging in Europe since 1939. While the British and Russians struggled against the German Reich, the United States remained officially neutral and refused to enter the war. What was keeping the American government from ...
  • The Soldier Who Continued Fighting For most, World War II spanned from September 1st, 1939 to September 2nd, 1945, starting when Adolph Hitler made the decision to invade Poland. It all spiraled from there, with Britain’s Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain declaring war against the German Reich. The war was lengthy and destructive, ending with the surrender of the Japanese aboard the Battleship Missouri. ...
  • Medals of Distinction: Highly Regarded Honors in the Military Serving in the military takes a certain type of person. Someone who can handle pressure and make difficult decisions that could mean the difference between life and death. A person who works in unison with others and acts on instinct when there’s no time for thought. These soldiers, trained men and women who put themselves on ...
  • In a Time Crunch? The Top Things to See and Do at Pearl Harbor Top Things to See and Do at Pearl Harbor In the years since the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941, Oahu’s Pearl Harbor has become a tourist mecca, bringing in curious visitors from all around the world, including Japan. The many attractions, the rich history, the stories of peril and heroism all create a rounded experience and ...
  • The Newspaper Ad Warning One very important thing when learning about history is ensuring that what you’re reading is accurate. As you dig through countless articles and blogs retelling the events of calamities like the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, you may come across mentions of a newspaper ad that allegedly served as a forewarning of ...
  • America and a Brief History of Her Wars From the American Revolution to the modern war on terror, the United States has seen its fair share of conflict. Each war has brought its own hardships and roadblocks and tested the might of the American military. The attack on Pearl Harbor marked the beginning of America’s involvement in the Second World War, and while it ...
  • Laid to Rest: Burials After the Battle The battle is long over, succeeded by 75 years of American history, but there are still soldiers who were killed in the thick of the Japanese attack that were somehow never given the proper burial they deserve. Sailors like Walter Henry Sollie, a crewman on the USS Oklahoma, never made it out of the battle ...
  • More Facts About Pearl Harbor You May Not Know You’ve read the history books, toured the memorials, and even listened to stories from surviving veterans, but there is still so much more to the attack on Pearl Harbor that you may not know. It’s a much talked about event, one of the worst attacks on American soil by a foreign power, and with that ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Doris Miller The First U.S. Hero of World War II When the first Japanese bomber entered Hawaiian territory on December 7th, 1941, very few people probably stopped and thought about how they could become a hero. As the first explosion shook the military installation, instincts kicked in and brave, albeit shaken soldiers manned their stations to fend off ...
  • Treasures of Pearl Harbor During the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, between the United States and Japan, upwards of 420 aircraft and vessels were destroyed, their remains scattered in the harbor and across the Pacific. Everything aboard these ships and aircraft, heirlooms carried by soldiers and relics of the war, sank to the bottom of the ocean floor ...
  • Getting to Know the Late “Uncle Herb” Weatherwax Herb Weatherwax was born on June 3rd, 1917. Almost 24 years later, the native Hawaiian was drafted into the Army and found himself stationed at Schofield Barracks in Wahiawa. The young soldier was enjoying a weekend leave in Honolulu on December 7th, 1941. While enjoying his time off-base, he could hear explosions at nearby Pearl ...
  • Civilians Affected by the Attack: Pearl Harbor’s Collateral Damage When we talk about the attack on Pearl Harbor that occurred in December of 1941, we’re quick to jump to stories of the sailors who opposed Japan’s forces and the mighty vessels that were damaged or sank, but we tend to forget that at the start of the attack, regular people were going about their ...
  • Resurrected Giants: The Battleships That Rose To Fight Again During the course of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States incurred many losses. Over 2,000 servicemen perished, never to continue the fight against the enemy that defiled their homeland. Like those members of the US military who lost their lives during the Japanese surprise attack, several of the Navy’s monumental battleships were also ...
  • Pearl Harbor: What You May Not Know December 7th, 1941 was a date that was destined to go down in infamy the moment the Japanese dropped the first bomb on Pearl Harbor, on the island of Oahu. You may already know that over 2,000 American servicemen died in the attack and that it led to the entire country being thrust into World ...
  • America’s Most Heroic: The Ships of Pearl Harbor From any great battle, heroes are born. Though the ashes left behind tell tragic tales, the stories of the heroic acts that saved lives and deterred enemy forces should also be remembered. On December 7th, 1941, many brave men and women stepped up to protect their land from the surprise Japanese attack. The American response ...
  • Where and what to eat around Pearl Harbor After you’ve spent the day exploring Pearl Harbor, there’s no need to rush off. Remember, you’re still on island time so why not head to one of the nearby restaurants or cafes to fill your stomach with some of the finest food the island has to offer? Within a 30-minute drive of Pearl Harbor there are some really ...
  • Taking to the Seas: The Ships of the Harbor The attack on Pearl Harbor took the lives of over 2,400 Americans. Some of them were on land, scurrying for cover as Japanese bombers and fighters strafed them and destroyed civilian structures and businesses. The rest were in the thick of the battle, some manning gigantic water vessels that were dormant and unprepared for the ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Mel Heckman On December 7th, 2016, one of the few remaining Pearl Harbor survivors made his way back to the site of the Japanese bombing for the first time since 1941. The 93-year-old man surrounded himself with family and embarked on a poignant journey through time, back to the moment of the first sign of war in ...
  • Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s Visit to Pearl Harbor Japan’s Pearl Harbor Visit On December 7th, 1941, Japanese bombers flew in to Pearl Harbor, dropping bombs, torpedoes, and machine gun fire on unsuspecting American servicemen and citizens, marking a strong and evident divide between the United States and Japan. Since the end of World War II and the reparation of the American and Japanese relationship, Hawaii ...
  • Taking to the Skies: The Aircraft of Pearl Harbor The morning of December 7th, 1941 turned into a scene of mayhem and destructions when the Japanese surprised the installation with attacks from both sea and air. The United States counteroffensive was scattered and unorganized due to the lack of preparation for the attack, but it still worked to fend off the bombers from completely ...
  • Best Tours To Take at Pearl Harbor, Part 1 Pearl Harbor is one of Hawaii’s most-visited attractions, and with so much history to be explored all in one location, there’s really no reason not to go to Pearl Harbor during your trip to Hawaii. Here are a couple of the best tours you can join from Honolulu, one for the visitor who wants to see everything, and another for the sky-loving ...
  • Beneath the Glassy Surface Exploring Wreckage of Pearl Harbor On December 7th, 1941, the attack on Pearl Harbor left behind a wake of mayhem and destruction that can be viewed in exhibits like the USS Arizona Memorial. American forces suffered the loss of over 2,400 servicemen, 188 aircraft, four battleships, and three cruisers, overshadowing the Japanese loss of four midget submarines, 29 aircraft, and ...
  • The Perils of War: The Environmental Impact of the Harbor’s Black Tears When you visit the USS Arizona Memorial you can see the oil seeping from the sunken ship’s ruptured hull. Even 75 years later, the wreckage of the great battleship continues to leak about eight quarts per day into the harbor. To locals, these are the Black Tears of the Arizona, a fitting name as the USS Arizona ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Samuel Fuqua When the Japanese arrived at Pearl Harbor and commenced its bombing of the military base and surrounding region, many Americans jumped into action. Thousands of men were thrust into battle and, as the smoke settled, thousands of heroes emerged. Of those men was Samuel G. Fuqua, a member of the United States Navy who, for his actions ...
  • The History of the USS Oklahoma Take a trip through the World War II Valor in the Pacific Pearl Harbor National Monument and you’ll find yourself exploring standing dedications to the Battleship Missouri and the sunken USS Arizona, but anyone who knows their Pearl Harbor history knows that there were eight battleships there on the morning of the attack. One of those eight present on ...
  • History of the Harbor History of the Harbor Do an online search for Pearl Harbor and you’ll find countless results pointing towards one devastating day in the history of the harbor. On December 7th, 1941, with the rest of the world already locked in battle, the United States was forced into the fray when Japanese bombers flew in and killed ...
  • How the Movie Pearl Harbor Told Its Own Version of the Attacks Hollywood vs. Reality Seventy-five years ago, the military harbor on the coast of Oahu experienced one of the most devastating attacks in American history. Thousands lost their lives and the entire country was thrust into a war it had tried to stay out of. With the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, history was made, and while ...
  • Heroes of the Harbor: Joe George Today, the USS Arizona sits at the bottom of Pearl Harbor, serving as a grave for the 1,117 crew members who were lost when the ship was bombed during the December 7th, 1941 attack. We focus so heavily on the tragedies of Pearl Harbor, such as the Arizona, that we sometimes overlook the stories of heroics that ...
  • Memorializing the War: The Best World War II Memorials Conflicts throughout the years and the American heroes who fought in them need to be memorialized and remembered, if not for their sake then to remind us of the perils we once faced. Across the United States, there are several World War II memorials you can visit to transport yourself back to the 1940s, when the Allied ...
  • Pearl Harbor Etiquette You’re in Hawaii having the holiday of a lifetime. You’ve been shopping, you’ve had a great time roaming the beaches, sunbathing and enjoying some icy cold cocktails. Now you’re planning your day out to Pearl Harbor. Your mind and body are in vacation mode but it’s very important that you remember Pearl Harbor is not ...
  • The Underwater Attack That Could Have Crippled the Entire US Navy 75 years ago, life in the islands of Hawaii was changed forever. After decades of change, with the decline in numbers of the Native Hawaiian population and loss of the monarchy, becoming first a Republic and then an American territory, the people of the islands were hit with an even bigger blow when Japanese forces launched the ...
  • The Heroic Story of Raymond Ortiz Salsedo On December 7, 1941, 49 civilians were killed when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. They were fire department employees, government staff, and locals who were simply going about their day. We don’t hear much about them. Most of what we read is focused on the military personnel who died. We also don’t hear much about the civilian survivors, ...
  • Those Left Behind: Why So Many Fallen Men Remain On Board Their Ship On December 7, 1941, 1,999 sailors, 233 soldiers, 109 marines, and 49 civilians lost their lives when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. The attack occurred early in the morning, around breakfast time, and many of the men had just started work for the day. Aboard the ships, no one was suspecting as they went about their morning ...
  • Pearl Harbor: Through the Eyes of a Survivor Completing your Pearl Harbor Tour Learning about the ravages of war through books may not always be the most effective means of comprehending the tragedies and heroics of major conflicts like World War II. While historical  exhibits and verbal accounts from those who survived—like those found at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument ...
  • Things To Do At Night Near Pearl Harbor Visiting Pearl Harbor to pay your respects to those who lost their lives during the attack 75 years ago is certainly a day out that you’ll never forget. Whether you spend a few hours there, or a full day, you’re guaranteed to walk away with a new insight into the devastation that happened here during ...
  • Battle of Iwo Jima Pearl Harbor was the start of the Battle of the Pacific and the beginning of the United States’ involvement in World War II. Prior to the attack Pearl Harbor, the US had taken a stance of isolationism. Between the Great Depression and vivid memories of World War I, public opinion was decidedly against entering the ...
  • Beyond The Bomb: Why Did Japan Surrender? Ask anyone why Japan surrendered at the end of World War II, and a good proportion of the answers you receive will point towards the dropping of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These were definitely catalysts for the final downfall of the Japanese Empire and likely diminished the desire to continue fighting, but ...
  • The Punchbowl Crater: Beyond the Cemetery As one of the most notable landmarks of the island of Oahu, a visit to Punchbowl National Cemetery is an incredible journey through time. Most notably, you’re brought back through the conflicts of the United States, starting with World War II, as you pay tribute to the many American heroes laid to rest in the ...
  • Notable Letters From Pearl Harbor “If I live thru it, I’ll be glad not to have missed it.” These are the words Mrs Jane Colestock, wife of Lieutenant Edward Colestock, wrote just days after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Along with many others, Jane had family and friends overseas while she was in the midst of the Hawaiian ...
  • The History of Ford Island Moku’ume’ume is one of Hawaii’s most-visited small islands. Haven’t heard of it? You might know it better as Ford Island in Pearl Harbor. Moku’ume’ume has a fascinating history that stems far further back than the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The name Moku’ume’ume was given to the island by ancient Hawaiians, with the name meaning ...
  • Atomic Bomb Memorial at Hiroshima If you are ever in Hiroshima, Japan, you’ll find plenty to do, like visit the beautiful Shukkei-en Garden or see a baseball game at the Mazda Zoom Zoom Stadium. But there is one thing that’s a must-do. Experience the Atomic Dome, the only remaining building near the epicenter from the atomic bombing on August 6th 1945. Awesome is ...
  • 5 Pearl Harbor Heroes You Need To Know About During the attack on Pearl Harbor, men didn’t have much time to think about their actions. They simply did what they could do, or what they thought they needed to do, at the time. Most didn’t consider that their actions were “heroic,” but after the attack, the stories of some of these Pearl Harbor heroes ...
  • Cryptographers in Pearl Harbor and WWII WWII was a war of deception and subterfuge. There is no better example of such deception than Pearl Harbor. On the morning of December 7th, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor while still holding peace talks with the United States. The Japanese did send a declaration of war, which conveniently did not reach the Americans ...
  • The Harsh World War II POW Camps The movie Unbroken followed the heroic story of Louis Zamperini from a rambunctious youth through his meteoric Olympic rise before joining the US Army Air Forces in time for World War II. Like many members of the military, his training brought him to Pearl Harbor, one of the most strategically important bases in the Pacific. ...
  • The United States Leaders when Pearl Harbor Was Attacked “Yesterday, December 7th, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking ...
  • How Did the Allies Win WWII? From September 1st, 1939 to September 2nd, 1945, most of the world was engaged in a large-scale skirmish that claimed the lives of over 60 million people. The two warring factions, the Allies and the Axis, fought many bloody battles, pushing hard against one another, exhausting resources and men until one side was left with ...
  • Battle of Midway Pearl Harbor was the opening salvo in the battle for the Pacific. By using a surprise attack, the Japanese had hopes of crippling the United States Navy in port. Prior to the start of World War II, Japan had invaded first Manchuria, China, and finally French Indochina. America was leery of Japan’s aggressions but being so far away ...
  • USS Arizona Specs, Tours, Crew Today, the remains of the USS Arizona rest on the sea floor in Pearl Harbor. Above stands a memorial to the 1,177 men who died when the Japanese attacked on December 7th, 1941. Visitors and locals alike walk along the memorial that straddles the old battleship’s hull, allowing them to take in the weight of history ...
  • Three Top Things To See Near Pearl Harbor While there is an abundance of tours to Pearl Harbor, and many things to see and do there, spending hours visiting the site is not for everyone. While some in your group might want to spend the entire day walking around the memorials, a couple of hours might be enough for you and you might be wondering ...
  • Pearl Harbor Today Pearl Harbor is one of the most famous military bases in the world, located on the south shore of Oahu, Hawaii. With the surprise Japanese attack on December 7th, 1941, it rose in stature to become one of most strategic bases in the Pacific. That act of war pushed the United States from an initial ...
  • 75 Years Later: Paying Tribute to the Heroes of the Harbor Every conflict has heroes, and each side determines who theirs are. For the United States in World War II, they were the men who stormed the beaches of Normandy, the Marines at Iwo Jima, and the servicemen who protected Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack. December 7th, 2016 marks the 75th anniversary of the day the United States was ...
  • Pre-war history of Pearl Harbor Pre-war history of Pearl Harbor – Wai Momi When we speak of the history of Pearl Harbor, the first thing that comes to mind is the Japanese attack, which happened in 1941 and determined the role that the US took in World War II. However, Pearl Harbor has a long history of legends, mystery, trade and ...
  • Transportation to and from Pearl Harbor   Transportation to Pearl Harbor and other hot spots TheBus The most affordable option to go anywhere on Oahu is always TheBus, the City and County of Honolulu’s transit service. Public transportation here is better than in most mainland states. You can take the bus to interesting places around Oahu. Connections to the airport, Waikiki, and Pearl Harbor are very ...
  • USS Missouri Specs, Tours, and Crew The USS Missouri nicknamed “Mighty Mo” had a long and illustrious career of duty. She was a United States Navy Iowa-class battleship, ordered in June of 1940, a year and half before Pearl Harbor. Built in Brooklyn, NY, she was christened by Mary Margaret Truman. That would be President Truman’s daughter but at that time, ...
  • What should I take when I visit Pearl Harbor? So you’ve booked your tour or tickets and you’re ready to go to Pearl Harbor. Now you just have to decide what to take with you. Pearl Harbor is a memorial site, and is also still a working military base, so there are actually several rules and stipulations for things that you can and can’t take in ...
  • The Story of USS Arizona It was just before 8am on the morning on December 7, 1941. The USS Arizona was anchored at quay F-7, located on Battleship Row, and those on board were starting their day. They might have been having some breakfast, a laugh with their mates, relishing in the fantastic weather Pearl Harbor was experiencing or thinking ...
  • The Recovery – Rebuilding Pearl Harbor “The Japanese specifically chose to attack on a Sunday because they believed Americans would be more relaxed and thus less alert on a weekend.” ~ Jennifer Rosenberg, historian It was one day of infamy – a few hours of nightmare – stemmed from a few minutes of hell. But it led to months of heartache and years ...
  • When to visit Pearl Harbor As you’d already know, Pearl Harbor is located in the beautiful county of Honolulu, on the world’s most popular island holiday destination – Hawaii. Hawaii’s tourism industry, like everywhere in the world, has its high season and low season – and you’re best to follow this guide when you want to plan your visit to ...
  • The Aftermath – Pearl Harbor after the attack By the time the people at Pearl Harbor had the chance to come to terms with what had happened on December 7, 1941, there was no doubt that the aftermath of the attack would take a long time to clear. America had suffered amazingly at the hands of the Japanese, losing 1,999 sailors, 233 soldiers ...
  • Japan’s Leaders: Who Was in Charge of the Pearl Harbor Attack? The attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 was well coordinated, well-planned and no doubt a surprise to the US military that were stationed there. That was the plan, after all. But the attack – and the recovery – could not have been possible without the key players for both Japan and the US at ...
  • American Ships Sunk at Pearl Harbor There were 100 commissioned warships and service auxiliary ships that were present at Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Japanese attacked. Although only 16 of those 100 were damaged, it was the amount of damage to the most significant of the ships that left the biggest mark. Here are the ...
  • WWII Fighter Planes, Bombers, ALL Types of Flyers The Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor was the opening offensive against the United States that spurred the U.S into World War II. The Japanese held the element of surprise and brought their full aviation power to bear upon the island of Oahu and the tactically crucial Pearl Harbor base. The Japanese had inside information from their ...
  • The Women of Pearl Harbor “It was then that I realized how important women can be in a war-torn world.” These were the words written by Honolulu Star-Bulletin reporter Elizabeth (Betty) McIntosh, who was working at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese attacked. Her article, written a week after the attack, warned women of the things that lay ...
  • Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Pearl Harbor was the beginning of World War II for the United States, an attack on the unsuspecting island of Oahu while peace negotiations between America and Japanese were still in session.  The Japanese sent a two page message, declaring war upon the United States but it did not reach the Americans until Pearl Harbor ...
  • Why did the US set up at Pearl Harbor? The history of the Hawaiian Islands is clear, and the historical presence of its people is known to date back as far as 124AD, depending on which history book you read it from. The original Hawaiians were of Polynesian origin and came from the Marquesas Islands. The Islands were run under their own monarchy for ...
  • 8 Things You Didn’t Know About Pearl Harbor You might have watched the movie, or you could have read our blogs – and guaranteed you know plenty about the attack on Pearl Harbor if you’ve done either of these. But there is much more to what happened on that fateful day, and afterwards, that is not as publicized. As the anniversary of the Pearl ...
  • World War II Monument Iowa American history was changed forever in December 1941, when Japanese airplanes launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, killing 2,403 soldiers and civilians in the area. The US navy took a critical hit that morning and miraculously survived the invasion with just enough resources to gather their strength and fight back. With this attack on US ...
  • Japanese War Machines of the Pearl Harbor Attack The attack on Pearl Harbor that catapulted the United States into World War II was a devastating blow, and forced the hand of the US to join the Second World War. The attack killed 2,403 US personnel, including 68 civilians, and destroyed or damaged 19 US Navy ships, including 8 battleships. More than 1,000 were ...
  • WWII Submarine Fleet WWII Submarine Fleet The Axis powers versus the Allied powers, also known as World War II, was aptly named for the sheer magnitude of the War. Warfare took place from the freezing cold of the Russian tundra to the sun soaked expansive Pacific Ocean. America, isolated at the beginning of the war, was abruptly forced into ...
  • Survivors and Heroes of the Attacks on Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941 was a fateful day for the USA. The nation stood by and observed in shock as the sky over the Hawaiian naval base darkened with more than 350 Japanese fighter planes as they launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Many lives were lost and heroes made that day. The navy fleet ...
  • A Few Things To Remember Before You Visit Pearl Harbor Visit Pearl Harbor Every visitor to Hawaii should make time to see Pearl Harbor, the very lagoon that suffered a devastating surprise attack by the Japanese in 1941. This was the crucial event that led to an active involvement of the US in World War II. Even today, more than a thousand fallen men rest at ...
  • The Greatest Tours of American History December 7th, 1941 was a devastating day in American history, sucking the entire country into a war that was otherwise fought on foreign soil. Being a landmark day, you should stop and ask yourself: “Do I know everything I should?” Chances are, you can pinpoint it as the day the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, but ...
  • More Recommended Pearl Harbor Books There are hundreds of Pearl Harbor books. They range from Children’s books to in-depth historical analysis. Some cover the attack itself and others delve into a political analysis of the Pearl Harbor attack. Below is a list that our editors chose as the most readable and useful Pearl Harbor Books. Pearl Harbor Books about the Attack These books focus ...
  • Matchbook Trickery In wartime, generals use every tool in their arsenal – from ammunition to propaganda, even matchbooks! Psychological warfare—mind games—were powerful tools in the history of warfare and remain so today. The mind is a powerful tool, and many generals planning and waging war have taken advantage of that fact. One of the earliest historical examples is ...
  • Pearl Harbor Specifics Everyone knows about Pearl Harbor, whether through film or high school history, it is remembered as the day that spurred America into action and changed the tide of World War II. Less well-known are the particulars, the details of one of most significant days in United States history. If the finer points of this historic ...
  • Inflatables in WW 2 Inflatables—nothing more than plastic filled with air—are put to an endless amount of uses. Besides their entertainment value, inflatables can provide transportation, ranging from a child’s raft to a military-grade Zodiac. They can also be used to create an illusion, such as blow-up owls bobbing in the wind, keeping pesky pigeons away. Not the most ...
  • Pearl Harbor Visitor Center – History, Renovations, and Now On December 7th, 1941, Hawaii, along with the country as a whole, was dealt a terrible blow with the attack on Pearl Harbor. Commemorating that fateful day when over 2,400 American lives were lost, the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument at Pearl Harbor is one of the most-visited sites in Hawaii, with well over one million people coming ...
  • DNA Helps Identify Victims of the Pearl Harbor Attack USS Oklahoma Sailor Accounted for Decades Later A total of 16 million Americans served in the military during the Second World War. Of these millions, 400,000 died and 79,000 of them remained unaccounted for. In the attack on Pearl Harbor alone, 2,335 heroes gave their lives in a single day. While the unidentified troops were listed ...
  • Shopping List for Hawaii Visit Visitors to Hawaii are often surprised by our prices. Over 80% of the products you find in Hawaii are shipped here, which causes our prices to be higher than other states. There are some products that you will want for your visit, but will save by purchasing them in advance. Even well-travelled visitors find themselves in ...
  • FDR’s Day of Infamy 24 hours with the President As far as President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew when he woke up on December 7, 1941, the negotiations between the United States and the Empire of Japan still held a hope of averting war between the nations. The talks were beginning to languish, but they had not yet fallen through—or so ...
  • Wounded Warrior Games – Pacific The first Wounded Warrior Pacific Invitational was held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Hosted primarily at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, this competition attracted a total of 150 participants. The Wounded Warrior Pacific Invitational was the largest joint-service competition, after the annual Warrior Games. At the event, service members from the Special Operations Command, Army, Coast Guard, Navy, Air Force and Marines took ...
  • View of the Washington Monument and World War II Memorial (Pearl Harbor Dedication) The National World War II Memorial is located between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument on the National Mall in Washington, DC. Located at the east end of the Reflecting Pool, the memorial is open to all, at any time of the day or night. From 9:30 AM to 10 PM, park rangers are available to answer visitors’ questions. ...
  • Hero and Remembrance Run, Walk or Roll Event Honors the Fallen Last year, thousands of runners joined together to honor service members who have fallen since 9/11. Known as the Hero and Remembrance Run, this event spans eight kilometers. Whether individuals are in wheelchairs or want to sprint, the run is designed to be inclusive of every type of service member and their family. The Fisher House ...
  • Why the Man who Planned the Attacks on Pearl Harbor Advised Against them Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Planned Attacks “I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.” -From the diary of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Yamamoto was a man of humble beginnings. Raised by a lower-class samurai warrior, Yamamoto’s name was originally Takano. After graduating from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, he ...
  • Pearl Harbor Anniversary: 75 Years of the American Spirit December 7, 2016, will mark the 75th Pearl Harbor anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Looking back on that day, consider what Pearl Harbor meant at the time that it happened as well as the legacy built over the last 75 years. “Yesterday, December 7, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – ...
  • How Many Pearl Harbor Deaths Were There? President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared December 7, 1941, the “date that will live in infamy.” For the many Pearl Harbor deaths, this statement rang true. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was the largest attack on U.S. soil in modern history. It was the attack that launched the U.S. into World War II, and every ...
  • Doris “Dorie” Miller Doris “Dorie” Miller was one of the bravest men who ever lived, and was the first African-American man to receive the Navy Cross in history for courage under fire. Born In Waco, Texas in 1919, Miller worked on his father’s farm until age 19. With dreams of becoming a military man, Miller enlisted in the United ...
  • Enjoy a Personal, In-Depth Experience With the Luxury & Private Tour of Pearl Harbor Slow Down and Learn the Hidden Details of a Famed WWII Battle Ground Paradise, a World War II Battle ground and the historic Arizona Memorial are just a taste of the locales you can enjoy on Oahu. Escape from the crowds with a private, personalized tour of your favorite World War II sites. From gorgeous beaches ...
  • WWII Bombs Hit Japan With Japanese Medals of Peace Strapped on James H. Doolittle Leads Air Raid on Japanese Homeland Before World War II began, the Japanese awarded medals of friendship and peace to several people in the United States. At the time, these medals were intended to be symbolic of the cooperation, friendship and good relationship held between the United States and Japan. Following the bombing ...
  • The Homeless Man Decoy All’s fair in love and war right? That’s what the Allies believed during World War II when they pulled the homeless man decoy – formally called Operation Mincemeat – on the German Army. What was this spectacular set-up and how did it play out? Keep reading to learn more about the homeless man decoy. The Set-Up The two ...
  • The Opana Radar Station How we almost knew about the Pearl Harbor attack before it happened. If U.S. planes hadn’t been coming in the same morning… If they would have had more practice using radar technology… If they had known about the Japanese submarine that had been spotted… Could Pearl Harbor have been saved? How often we look back and ...
  • Meeting in the Air: American Pilots at Pearl Harbor Most Americans know that attacking Japanese planes surprised Pearl Harbor early in the morning of December 7, 1941, but not nearly as many people know about the Americans who took to the skies that morning. That weekend, Sgt. Henry C. Blackwell, Cpl. Clyde C. Brown, and Sgt. Warren D. Rasmussen had taken leave from the US Army ...
  • List of Pearl Harbor’s Ships and Planes When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, a number of ships and planes suffered serious blows in the attack. The battleships of the U.S. Pacific Fleet—eight in all—sat docked in the harbor, and all of them suffered major damage. Adding to the devastation, 350 planes were either destroyed or severely damaged during the ...
  • Cleaning Up After the Pearl Harbor Attack When people think of the Pearl Harbor attack, they often think of that one day of horror. What they don’t think about is the wreckage that was left after the attack. Planes and ships had been decimated by bombs and torpedo attacks, and the bodies of crewmen were still being recovered from sunken ships. The ...
  • Japanese Internment: A People Locked Away A five-year-old sat on a train with his family. He was on an adventure, not understanding why the people around him were crying. As far as he knew his family was on a vacation to a place called Arkansas. Being on an adventure, he didn’t worry when his family arrived at the barbed wire fenced-in ...
  • Japanese Jellyfish Bomb It’s a bird! It’s a plane! No, it’s a… bomb? In the 1940s, the Japanese developed a new type of bomb: the Japanese balloon bomb, more commonly known as the jellyfish bomb. Keep reading to learn more about this unique war tactic and its uses. The creation of the jellyfish bomb All’s fair in love and war. When Japan went to ...
  • Family Adventures: The Pearl Harbor and Circle Island Tour A relaxed learning experience for the entire family Enjoy a relaxing family adventure of everything that Pearl Harbor and Oahu have to offer. From Waikiki, families can check out all of the top attractions, sights, and historic locations on Oahu. Beyond having fun, families can visit historic locations that offer learning opportunities for everyone. Designed to keep every ...
  • The Black Tears of USS Arizona On December 7, 1941, the black tears of the USS Arizona began falling. Just before 8 a.m. that morning, the Japanese launched one of the most deadly modern attacks on American soil. Planes dropped bombs on Pearl Harbor, killing roughly 2,400 crewmen and injuring many others. Of all the ships and planes damaged in the attack, no ...
  • How Women During the Attacks on Pearl Harbor Inspired Women Across the Country Before the start of World War II, there was much controversy over the place of women in the armed forces. The US military believed that women were more suited to non-combat roles such as nurses, mechanics, drivers, and telegraphers. In Honolulu, servicewomen were living through tense times, and the country felt on the brink of war. But they were making the ...
  • What’s the Best Time to Visit Pearl Harbor? For most kids, summer break is just around the corner. It’s time to schedule some time off and book a vacation to Oahu and a visit to Pearl Harbor. But when is the best time to visit Pearl Harbor? If you’re thinking about touring this historic site, check out this quick guide and start booking those flights and tours. Seasons ...
  • Razzle-Dazzle Ships – Camouflage in World War II “Razzle-dazzle ’em and they’ll never catch wise.” That was the U.S. military’s plan anyway. During World War I, a new trend emerged that would help camouflage ships, submarines, and aircraft: razzle-dazzle ships. But what were these razzle-dazzle ships and how effective were they? Keep reading to learn more about this interesting tactic and see how it changed ...
  • How Much of the Film Pearl Harbor is Accurate? The 2001 film Pearl Harbor was met with a mixed reception at the time of its release. Although it was the most expensive movie ever filmed up to then, critics considered it to be an average film at best and a poor film at worst. Audiences generally enjoyed it, with the exception of some survivors and veterans ...
  • The USS Arizona Memorial and the USS Oklahoma Memorial Visitors from all over the globe come to see the USS Arizona Memorial and the USS Oklahoma Memorial at Pearl Harbor. These two memorials honor the brave crewmen who tragically lost their lives during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. If you’re planning a visit to Pearl Harbor, read on to learn more about the USS Arizona Memorial and the USS Oklahoma Memorial and ...
  • Elvis’ Fundraiser Performance in Honolulu for the Arizona Memorial Shortly after eight o’clock in the morning on December 7, 1941, an armor-piercing bomb struck the USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor and caused the nearly-instantaneous loss of more than a thousand brave men on board. Others were injured and lived on, but the battleship sank to the bottom of the harbor. Today, the beautiful Arizona Memorial rests ...
  • Life on a World War II Battleship Today Pearl Harbor represents more than just the brave crewmen who lost their lives in the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. For thousands of visitors, it also represents a window to the past, a learning experience about what life what like aboard a World War II battleship. For the sailors aboard the USS Missouri and ...
  • USS Pennsylvania – The Day the Music Died On Saturday night, December 6, 1941, a rousing musical competition, the Battle of Music, entertained many U.S. sailors and their guests in the Bloch Arena at the Pearl Harbor Naval Station. Twenty-one-member bands were competing in the semi-finals to see who would face off against the bands of the USS Arizona and the Marine Corps Barracks. The ...
  • Plan Your Perfect Visit to Pearl Harbor Today is finally the day. Your travel and accommodations are set. You’ve booked your tour tickets. All that’s left to do is sit back, relax, and enjoy your visit to Pearl Harbor. Well, not exactly. Before you arrive, there are a few things you need to know that will make your visit more enjoyable. Follow these simple tips ...
  • The USS Arizona’s Baseball Team Life on the USS Arizona was not quite all work and no play. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, she was known as the mightiest ship on the sea. Crew members routinely cleaned the ship and performed maintenance checks and repairs on its gun and other artillery. They also participated in a ...
  • Baseball at Pearl Harbor and the USS Arizona On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan struck a major blow against the United States at Pearl Harbor. The attack killed 1,177 men from the USS Arizona alone, and total deaths reached more than 2,400. Before the trauma of the attack, there were lighter moments on the USS Arizona. Like other naval ships, the Arizona ...
  • Why Should I Visit the USS Bowfin Submarine Museum? Only one creature in the ocean is feared more than any natural predator: the submarine. Capable of swiftly sinking enemy ships from the darkness of deep waters and quietly infiltrating hostile territories for the support of Allies behind Axis lines, the USS Bowfin was armed with two dozen high-velocity torpedoes and an array of high-caliber firearms to ...
  • President Roosevelt’s Letter to Emperor Hirohito Not many people know this, but the day before the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote to Japanese Emperor Hirohito. Roosevelt’s letter attempted to reason with Hirohito, citing the decades of peace between the two nations, and called for a renewal of that peace in an effort to avoid war in the ...
  • Things to Know Before Visiting Pearl Harbor No visit to Honolulu is complete without visiting Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. Navy base, killing more than 1,500 crewmen and pulling the U.S. into World War II. Today, in addition to still being an active military base, Pearl Harbor stands as a memorial to those lives lost and the other brave ...
  • Salvaged Artifacts from Pearl Harbor On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, sinking a number of ships. To honor those lost, none of the ships have ever been resurfaced or removed from the harbor, but some salvaged artifacts have made their way to the surface. Even today, people are still finding artifacts from the ships that sank on December ...
  • The 5 Biggest Mistakes in Visiting Pearl Harbor Visiting Pearl Harbor is easy You can arrive by taxi, bus, motorcoach, limo, rental car, shuttle or even walk. But, visiting Pearl Harbor the right way isn’t so simple. You can screw it up. We see people every day who show up after it’s too late to get tickets, who get stranded without a ride back ...
  • Pearl Harbor Celebrations to Remember Gone, but never forgotten. That’s the promise of the many Pearl Harbor celebrations that go on every December 7th. Each year, thousands of military men and women as well as citizens come to Pearl Harbor to pay their respects to the crewmen who lost their lives in the Japanese attack that forced the U.S. into ...
  • The Construction of the USS Arizona Memorial Perhaps the most popular memorial at Pearl Harbor today is the USS Arizona Memorial. Positioned directly over the wreckage of the great ship, the Memorial stands as a testament to the heroism of the brave men who died in the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941. Today, thousands of visitors flock to Pearl Harbor to pay their respects and reflect ...
  • Pearl Harbor's Oil Tank: What Could Have Been It’s one, two, three strikes you’re out at the old ballgame, and at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, a third strike might have meant “you’re out” for the U.S. Navy. We know of course that only two air strikes hit Pearl Harbor, but did you know that three were actually planned? After two deadly attacks ...
  • George V. Martin George V. Martin was 22 when the attack on Pearl Harbor occurred. He was assigned to HQ + HQ Squadron Hawaiian Air Force (which was later re-designated the 7th A.F.) The morning of the Pearl Harbor attacks, he was awoken by the sound of the planes going overhead. Initially, he thought it was their planes practicing ...
  • Can I book a Pearl Harbor Tour from Other Islands? When many people plan their Pearl Harbor tour, they’re usually staying on the Hawaiian island of Oahu, which is where Honolulu is located. It’s one of the northernmost Hawaiian islands, and there’s tons of cool stuff to do and see while you’re there. But what if you’re not staying on Oahu? Can you still book a ...
  • Lieutenant-General Walter C. Short and Pearl Harbor Many historians feel conflicted when discussing Lieutenant-General Walter C. Short. He was the man in charge of Pearl Harbor’s defense, and on December 7, 1941, his career abruptly ended as Japanese bombs fell from the sky. Before that day, Short had 40 years of service in the U.S. Army under his belt, so it’s not fair ...
  • Wheeler Army Airfield: Then and Now When the Japanese made their plans to bomb Pearl Harbor, they planned to go after more than just the harbor itself. .They had three other targets in mind: Hickman Airfield, Ford Island and Wheeler Army AirField But why attack Wheeler Airfield? After all, it was an aircraft base, and it’s not that close to the heavy attack ...
  • Kermit Tyler and the Big Pearl Harbor Oversight On the morning of December 7, 1941, First Lieutenant Kermit Tyler  of the U.S. Air Force went to work like everyone else. He was stationed at Pearl Harbor’s radar information center at Ft. Shafter. Just before 8 a.m., a radar operator approached Tyler and pointed to a major blip on the radar. The blip was only ...
  • 5 Things You Probably Didn’t Know about the USS Arizona Memorial If you’re planning a trip to Hawaii this year, you shouldn’t miss a visit to the USS Arizona Memorial. This monument honors the brave men who were killed when the ship sank during the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941, and it’s the most popular memorial at Pearl Harbor today. But how much do you really know about this memorial? ...
  • The Hawaiian Economy After Pearl Harbor When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the Hawaiian economy wasn’t prepared to go to war. In the years following the attack, the economy changed in ways no one imagined. Read on to learn more about the Hawaiian economy during World War II and see how the attacks on Pearl Harbor changed the economy and ...
  • History of the USS Arizona Memorial The USS Arizona memorial is one of the most popular memorials at Pearl Harbor, attracting hundreds of curious visitors who wish the see the sunken ship. The history of the ship and the memorial, however, is so much more. Learn more about this brave battleship and the history of the USS Arizona memorial. The ship Builders first began working on ...
  • Pearl Harbor Poetry The attack on Pearl Harbor was an event that inspired a nation to come together. It continues to bring out emotions from the most hardened sailors and soldiers. Poetry is an excellent way to express the emotions of the day of infamy. December Seventh by Cornelius Douglas Pearl of beauty, Pearl of life, Within your channels deep Rest the men and ...
  • Honoring Pearl Harbor Survivor William M. Wood They say that history has a way of linking events together and repeating itself. In 1809, the first Surgeon General of the US Navy, William Maxwell Wood, was born. In honor of his accomplishments, USS William M. Wood was named after him. The destroyer launched on July 29, 1945, just in time to catch the ...
  • Honoring Pearl Harbor Survivor Adolph Kuhn INTRODUCTION Adolph Kuhn: An American Journey (1921-Present) Amazed at the grandeur of Oz when she first arrived, Dorothy proclaimed to Toto, “I’ve a feeling we’re not in Kansas anymore.” Following the December 7, 1941 surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, the essence of that statement proved to be more than fitting for a certain farm boy who ...
  • New Photos of PBY Flying Boat sunk before Pearl Harbor Attack Before Pearl Harbor was attacked, other military installations on Oahu were hit. The bombers were specifically targeting aircraft in order to prevent American forces from getting airborne and fighting back. The PBY-5 Catalina patrol bombers, known at the PBY flying boat, is a seaplane with a range of 2,000 miles. With such a long range, it would ...
  • Last Man Standing: Honoring Pearl Harbor Survivor Alex Horanzy INTRODUCTION Some say that the origin of the phrase “the last man standing” refers to the last military cadet still able to continue a drill when all others have succumbed to exhaustion. At the urging of a friend, Alex Horanzy joined the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association in 1995 and helped found the Philadelphia chapter. By the ...
  • Honoring Pearl Harbor Survivor Herb Weatherwax INTRODUCTION Smile! Click. Post. Repeat. Herb Weatherwax, a spry 98-year-old World War II veteran, has been spreading aloha to tourists and locals at the Pearl Harbor Visitors Center for nearly 20 years. There is no comparison to hearing the stories of December 7, 1941 straight from the mouth of a Pearl Harbor survivor. Coupled with his ...
  • Visiting Pearl Harbor with Children If you and your family are visiting the island of Oahu, then you must make a stop at Pearl Harbor, but visiting Pearl Harbor with children can be a daunting excursion, especially if you have children younger than five years old. Some parents worry that Pearl Harbor will be boring for their children or its historic ...
  • Why Was Pearl Harbor Attacked? When people begin learning about Pearl Harbor in a more in-depth manner, their first question is often the same: why was Pearl Harbor attacked? We know Europe was fully engulfed in World War II at the time, so why did the Japanese decide to attack the US? To better answer the question of why Pearl Harbor was attacked, ...
  • Best books about Pearl Harbor Want to read about Pearl Harbor before you board a tour bus? Check out the best books about Pearl Harbor here and start reading! At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor; Revised Edition – Gordon W. Prange, Donald M. Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon Often considered to be one of the most objective books about ...
  • One Step at a Time: Honoring Pearl Harbor Survivor Raymond Barron Chavez INTRODUCTION Walking in the country that you love – is that your favorite thing to do? It’s #1 on Ray Chavez’s  list, according to an interview with 10News earlier this year. At 103 years old, Raymond Barron Chavez is the oldest living Pearl Harbor survivor. Chavez takes one small step at a time and he gets to where he wants to ...
  • Honoring Pearl Harbor Survivor John Seelie INTRODUCTION Somehow the 74th Anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor just wouldn’t be the same without World War II veteran, John Seelie in attendance. Currently living in Englewood, Florida, the 93 year old has made the trek across country multiple times; his most recent being just last year. Seelie was looking forward to returning to ...
  • Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day 74th Anniversary Are you interested in visiting Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 2015 for the Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day 74th Anniversary? We have the details below. Tours to Pearl Harbor are not available on December 7th, 2015.  You can book a Pearl Harbor Shuttle, but keep in mind it does not include tickets to the Arizona Memorial or ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Back to Hawaii for Dec. 7th Ceremony! UPDATE (11/18/2015): Thank you to everyone who supported the efforts to bring John Seelie, an incredible Pearl Harbor Survivor back to Hawaii for the 74th Anniversary. He has received all of the necessary funding including a large donation from Manhattan Building Company of Naples, FL and first class flights from American Airlines. MAHALO from PearlHarborOahu.com John ...
  • 10 Tips for Visiting Pearl Harbor with Kids Pearl Harbor is a very family-friendly place, but there are some things you should consider when you visit Pearl Harbor with kids. The Arizona Memorial program is a solemn experience that lasts 75 minutes with no restroom breaks. Bags—including purses and diaper bags—are not allowed in Pearl Harbor, making it difficult to bring snacks. Here are 10 tips ...
  • Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Quotes The most famous Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Quote about the sleeping giant may not even have been said by him. “I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.” This quote can be heard in the films Tora! Tora! Tora! and Pearl Harbor.  However, there is some doubt whether it ...
  • USS Neosho, Oiler at Pearl Harbor During WWII Navy oilers were named after rivers. USS Neosho was named after a river in eastern Kansas and northeastern Oklahoma. It’s purpose was to refuel warships. She did far more than that in WWII. When the Pacific Fleet moved to Pearl Harbor, the oil tanks at the Base needed to be filled. It was Neosho that ...
  • USS West Virginia at Pearl Harbor Affectionately nicknamed “Wee Vee”, USS West Virginia was commissioned in in December 1923.  She was moved to Hawaii in 1940 with the US Pacific Fleet and was the youngest of all the battleships at Pearl Harbor. USS West Virginia During the Attack During the attack on Pearl Harbor West Virginia was outboard of USS Tennessee. The outboard ships ...
  • Why Japan Attacked Pearl Harbor Japan attacked Pearl Harbor for a few reasons. The reason for the attack and the goal of the attack are not the same. The Reason Japan Attacked Pearl Harbor Japan had seen successes in previous years by attacking  and colonizing Korea, and defeating Russia, and China. With goals of expansion in Asia and the Pacific, Japan saw an ...
  • The End of WWII on the Battleship Missouri Sitting at Pearl Harbor, as we approach the 70th anniversary of the Japanese surrender that marked the end of WWII, we reflect on the two days that changed the world forever.  The December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor and the September 2, 1945 signing of the surrender on the Battleship USS Missouri. Japan did not surrender ...
  • 100 Year Old Pearl Harbor Survivor Wayne Shelnutt Check out this excellent article by Pete Mecca of the Rockdale News about Pearl Harbor Survivor Wayne Shelnutt. His account of the attack is quite fascinating. He served aboard the Battleship USS California, flagship of the Pacific Fleet. Shelnutt mentions that on December 5th, 1941 someone on his ship spotted a submarine.  They spent the night ...
  • Emperor Hirohito Radio Address on August 15, 1945 The following is a translation of Emperor Hirohito’s radio address from August 15, 1945 accepting the Allies terms of surrender. The language that he spoke in was very difficult for common Japanese people to understand. Emperor Hirohito had an imperial dialect that was confusing for many. To our good and loyal subjects: After pondering deeply the general ...
  • Tips for Visiting the Battleship Missouri When people talk about visiting Pearl Harbor, they usually are referring to the Arizona Memorial. There are many other sights to see at Pearl Harbor. The USS Missouri is second most popular site and one you certainly do not want to miss. How can you make your trip better? Follow our tips for visiting the Battleship ...
  • Washington DC Lady's reaction to Pearl Harbor on December 8, 1941 We are very lucky that the United States Library of Congress had the foresight to conduct “Man on the Street” Interviews” after the attack on Pearl Harbor. They recorded over 12 hours of reactions to the attack and to the declaration of war. In this audio recording, the “Man on the Street” was a lady. The ...
  • Will Lehner USS Ward Pearl Harbor Survivor Honored Pearl Harbor Survivor Will Lehner of the destroyer, USS Ward, was honored at Wisconsin State War Memorial.  The honor included a stone placed in remembrance of Lehner’s service at Pearl Harbor and WWII. At the time of the honor, Will Lehner was 94 years old. When Lehner was 84, he was offered the opportunity to get in ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor Couple – Betty and Warren Schott We first heard about the Pearl Harbor Survivor Couple, Betty and Warren Schott, in an article in the Spokesman-Review by Cindy Hval.  This remarkable couple was living on Ford Island when Pearl Harbor was attacked. They heard an explosion and Warren quickly recognized that Pearl Harbor was under attack from an enemy.  Many others on Oahu ...
  • Pearl Harbor Survivor from Colorado James Downing INTRODUCTION Remember Pearl Harbor. Weakness invites aggression. Keep America strong. Nobody spreads this message better than Jim Downing. For anyone who has had the opportunity to be engaged by his sharp witticisms on life and historical accounts of Pearl Harbor, it’s clear that there is no better authority on the matter than the 102-year-old World War II ...
  • Pearl Harbor July It is always a good time of year to visit Pearl Harbor. The best way to schedule your visit is to look at the important dates in our Pearl Harbor July calendar. 4th of July. Celebrate Independence Day on the Fourth of July by visiting Pearl Harbor.  It is a great day to visit because everyone is enjoying ...
  • Battleship USS California at Pearl Harbor USS California Before the Pearl Harbor Attack Launched in 1919, USS California (BB-44) was a proud ship, the flagship of the fleet. She held that title for 20 years from 1921 until 1941. A seemingly carefree ship, California was nicknamed “alky barge” California was a well built Tennessee class battleship. Like USS Tennessee, which was also at ...
  • Battleship USS Arizona’s 100th Birthday 100 years ago today, the Battleship USS Arizona (BB-39) was launched at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. It was the world’s largest battleship, a super-dreadnaught. Arizona cost $15 Million. She waited until high tide to be christened and launched. Senator Ashurst and Miss Esther Rose joined Arizona Governor Hunt in the delegation from Arizona to launch the magnificent ...
  • Michael Elkovics – Survivor USS St. Louis, Pearl Harbor Boatswain’s Mate 1st Class Michael Elkovics’s ashes were laid to rest from the USS Utah Memorial on Ford Island on June 10, 2015. During the attack he served aboard USS St. Louis, Pearl Harbor. Born Nov. 14, 1921 in Morristown, New Jersey, Elkovics joined the U.S. Navy in August 1940. He served on the light Cruiser USS ...
  • USS Enterprise Aircraft Carrier The USS Enterprise is not the Star Trek ship. She was an Aircraft Carrier in the Pacific Fleet. Enterprise aircraft carrier was not in Pearl Harbor during the infamous attacks. None of the aircraft carrier were. She was a approximately 215 miles west of Pearl Harbor at sea. At the same time, the Japanese carriers were 220 ...
  • USS Dolphin Submarine at Pearl Harbor The USS Dolphin Submarine was commanded by Lt. Bernard Clarey. He was scheduled to take over command at 0900 on December 7th, 1941. The attack began at 0755. He realized what was happening and rushed to his submarine. His crew had begun fighting at 0759, very quick to strike back. Unfortunately the guns of the USS Dolphin ...
  • USS Sacramento Pearl Harbor Gunboat The USS Sacramento (PG-19) was at Pearl Harbor during the attack. Although she was in a repair berth, she was already opening fire by 0800, just five minutes after the attack begin. By 0802, Sacramento reported downing its first Japanese plane. Sacramento is credited with downing at least two enemy planes during the attack. After the attack was ...
  • USS Ward Destroyer at Pearl Harbor USS Ward (DD-139) is the most talked about destroyer from the Pearl Harbor attack.  Not because the ship is incredibly impressive, but because she fired the first shots of WWII in the Pacific. This was disputed until 2002 when a University of Hawaii submarine found the wreckage of a Japanese submarine at the bottom of ...
  • USS Arizona Memorial Rated #5 Landmarks – US The same week that the USS Arizona Memorial had to close because of damage to its dock, TripAdvisor released the Traveler’s Choice awards for 2015.  The USS Arizona Memorial ranked #5 in United States Landmarks. We are very proud that our monument is appreciated by so many. Part of the reason that travelers rate the Arizona ...
  • Top 4 Oahu Activities Asking about the most popular activities is a good way to start research about visiting a new place. Oahu has many different activities for many different types of people. At the top of the list, of course, is Pearl Harbor. It is an important monument for the people of the United States, for the People of Hawaii, ...
  • USS Maryland at Pearl Harbor The USS Maryland does not get the same attention as the other battleships that were at Pearl Harbor. Perhaps because she sustained minimal damage or because she only lost 4 men. The least damaged of all battleships during the Pearl Harbor attack was the USS Maryland. That doesn’t mean that Maryland was not active during the ...
  • 10 Recommended Pearl Harbor Books There are hundreds of books about Pearl Harbor, ranging from children’s books to in-depth historical analyses. Some cover the attack itself and others delve into a political analysis of the Pearl Harbor attack. Below is a list that our editors chose as the most readable and useful Pearl Harbor books. Pearl Harbor Books about the Attack These books focus ...
  • JONES, Herbert C. Medal of Honor Winner Herbert Jones was a young officer in the Navy. He died rescuing others during the attack. His wife, Joanne was living in Honolulu, in officer living quarters. Joanne remarried and her son-in-law, Charles Edward Aubrey, had this to say about Herbert Jones: When the ship got hit (Herbert) went down below to get all the people below ...
  • HICKOK, Warren Paul (Killed on USS Pennsylvania) Hickok was assigned to the light mine layer USS Sicard. According to defense officials, many Sicard crewmembers had been dispatched at the time to help the crew of USS Cummings, a destroyer docked nearby. The Cummings got under way and cleared Pearl Harbor after the attack and reported no injuries. Instead of USS Cummings, ...
  • WALKER, Lumus E. HQ Squadron 15th Pursuit Group
  • WALCZYNSKI, Andrew A. 6th Pursuit Squadron Originally from Colorado Andrew A. Walczynski served at Wheeler field during the attack. He is now buried at Punchbowl National Cemetery of the Pacific.
  • VIDOLOFF, Russell P. HQ Squadron 15th Pursuit Group
  • STERLING, Gordon H. Jr. Lt. Gordon H. Sterling, Jr. was one of the few pilots who got airborn during the attack. He shot down a Japanese aircraft, but then was shot down over water and drowned after getting out of his aircraft. He was a true hero of the attack on Pearl Harbor.   Read more about Lt. Sterling at http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ghsterlingjr.htm  
  • STACEY, Morris E. 78th Pursuit Squadron
  • SHERMAN, Robert O. HQ Squadron 18th Pursuit Group
  • SHATTUCK, Robert R. HQ Squadron 15th Pursuit Group
  • SCHOTT, Robert L. HQ Squadron 15th Pursuit Group
  • SCHMERSAHL, George R. HQ Squadron 18th Pursuit Group
  • ROBBINS, Anson E. 25th Materiel Squadron
  • PRICE, John A. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • PLANT, Donald D. 46th Pursuit Squadron
  • MITCHELL, John G. HQ Squadron 15th Pursuit Group
  • MANLEY, William H. HQ Squadron 18th Pursuit Group
  • LESLIE, George G. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • HULL, Robert L. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • HORAN, Vincent M. 78th Pursuit Squadron
  • HERBERT, Joseph C. HQ Squadron 18th Pursuit Group
  • GUTHRIE, James E. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • GOUDY, Allen E. W. 22nd Materiel Squadron
  • GOOD, Joseph E. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • GANNAM, George K. 17th Air Base Squadron
  • FREE, Paul B. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • EVERETT, James 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • DERTHICK, James H. HQ Squadron 18th Pursuit Group
  • DAINS, John L. 47th Pursuit Squadron, shot down by friendly fire
  • CREECH, William C. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • CHAMBERS, Eugene L. HQ Squadron 15th Pursuit Group
  • CEBERT, Dean W. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • CASHEN, Malachy J. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • BYRD, Theodore F. HQ Squadron 18th Pursuit Group
  • BUSS, Robert P. 45th Pursuit Squadron
  • BURNS, Edward J. 72nd Pursuit Squadron
  • BARKSDALE, James M. 73nd Pursuit Squadron
  • ALLEN, Robert G. 45th Pursuit Squadron
  • JACOBS, Richard William JACOBS, Richard William
  • SOMA, Richard Masaru, age 22 SOMA, Richard Masaru, age 22
  • KIM, Soon Chip, age 66 KIM, Soon Chip, age 66
  • SEARLE, Erwin Leroy SEARLE, Erwin Leroy
  • ZOBECK, Lester Frank ZOBECK, Lester Frank
  • WILSON, Clyde Richard WILSON, Clyde Richard
  • WILBUR, Harold WILBUR, Harold
  • WALTERS, Bethel Elbert WALTERS, Bethel Elbert
  • WAGNER, Thomas George WAGNER, Thomas George
  • VOGELGESANG, Joseph Jr. VOGELGESANG, Joseph Jr.
  • VANDER GOORE, Albert Peter VANDER GOORE, Albert Peter
  • TIPSWORD, Keith Warren TIPSWORD, Keith Warren
  • TIBBS, Ernie Ewart TIBBS, Ernie Ewart
  • TABER, George Edward TABER, George Edward
  • STERLING, Otis Delaney STERLING, Otis Delaney
  • SPEICHER, Ernest Edward SPEICHER, Ernest Edward
  • SMITH, Gordon Ellsworth SMITH, Gordon Ellsworth
  • SCOTT, George William SCOTT, George William
  • SCHUON, Richard Martin Jr. SCHUON, Richard Martin Jr.
  • SAULSBURY, Theodore Hilliard SAULSBURY, Theodore Hilliard
  • SAHL, Glenn Dawain SAHL, Glenn Dawain
  • ROSE, Ernest Claude ROSE, Ernest Claude
  • RICHTER, Leonard Claiver RICHTER, Leonard Claiver
  • RENNER, Albert RENNER, Albert
  • REID, George Beard REID, George Beard
  • POWERS, Roy Wallace POWERS, Roy Wallace
  • PITCHER, Jack Arthur PITCHER, Jack Arthur
  • PINKO, Andrew Anthony PINKO, Andrew Anthony
  • PAOLUCCI, James Alfred PAOLUCCI, James Alfred
  • PACIGA, Walter Joseph PACIGA, Walter Joseph
  • OWSLEY, Arnold Jacob OWSLEY, Arnold Jacob
  • OLDS, Clifford Nathan OLDS, Clifford Nathan
  • O'CONNOR, Maurice Michael O'CONNOR, Maurice Michael
  • NOCE, Emile Salvatore NOCE, Emile Salvatore
  • NEWTON, Paul Eugene NEWTON, Paul Eugene
  • NERMOE, Earl Tilman NERMOE, Earl Tilman
  • MYERS, Clair Clifton MYERS, Clair Clifton
  • MRACE, Albin John MRACE, Albin John
  • MORRIS, William Francis MORRIS, William Francis
  • MONTGOMERY, Wallace Alford MONTGOMERY, Wallace Alford
  • MISTER, Joe Eddie MISTER, Joe Eddie
  • MENDIOLA, Enrique Castro MENDIOLA, Enrique Castro
  • MELTON, John Russell MELTON, John Russell
  • MEGLIS, John Anthony MEGLIS, John Anthony
  • McKEE, Quentin Guy McKEE, Quentin Guy
  • McCOMAS, Clarence William McCOMAS, Clarence William
  • McCOLLOM, Lawrence Jennings McCOLLOM, Lawrence Jennings
  • McCLELLAND, Thomas Alfred McCLELLAND, Thomas Alfred
  • McBEE, Luther Kirk McBEE, Luther Kirk
  • MATHISON, Donald Joseph MATHISON, Donald Joseph
  • MATA, Jesus Manalisay MATA, Jesus Manalisay
  • MANN, Charles Willis MANN, Charles Willis
  • LYON, Arnold Eugene LYON, Arnold Eugene
  • LYNCH, Donald William LYNCH, Donald William
  • LUKER, Royle Bradford LUKER, Royle Bradford
  • LISH, Eugene Victor LISH, Eugene Victor
  • LEMIRE, Joseph Sam L. LEMIRE, Joseph Sam L.
  • LEARY, Thomas Francis LEARY, Thomas Francis
  • LACROSSE, Henry E. Jr. LACROSSE, Henry E. Jr.
  • KUBINEC, William Paul KUBINEC, William Paul
  • KNIGHT, Milton Jewel Jr. KNIGHT, Milton Jewel Jr.
  • KLEIST, Chester Fredrick KLEIST, Chester Fredrick
  • KELLEY, Sanford V. Jr. KELLEY, Sanford V. Jr.
  • JOHNSON, Carl Spencer JOHNSON, Carl Spencer
  • JACKSON, William Clarence JACKSON, William Clarence
  • HUDSON, Ira Duane HUDSON, Ira Duane
  • HORTON, William David HORTON, William David
  • HOOD, Joseph Earnest HOOD, Joseph Earnest
  • HODGES, Howard David HODGES, Howard David
  • HILT, Fred Albert HILT, Fred Albert
  • HEAVIN, Hadley Irvin HEAVIN, Hadley Irvin
  • HARRISS, Hugh Braddock HARRISS, Hugh Braddock
  • HALVORSEN, Harry John HALVORSEN, Harry John
  • GOULD, Arthur GOULD, Arthur
  • GOODWIN, Myron Eugene GOODWIN, Myron Eugene
  • GONZALES, Bibian Bernard GONZALES, Bibian Bernard
  • GARCIA, Claude Ralph GARCIA, Claude Ralph
  • GABRIELE, Angelo Michael GABRIELE, Angelo Michael
  • FRYE, Neil Daniel FRYE, Neil Daniel
  • FOX, Gilbert Roy FOX, Gilbert Roy
  • FOTH, Jack FOTH, Jack
  • FLORES, Jose San Nicolas FLORES, Jose San Nicolas
  • EVANS, Woodrow Wilson EVANS, Woodrow Wilson
  • ENGLAND, Richard Boyd ENGLAND, Richard Boyd
  • ENDICOTT, Ronald Burdette ENDICOTT, Ronald Burdette
  • EDWARDS, Roland Wayne EDWARDS, Roland Wayne
  • DYE, Tommy DYE, Tommy
  • DURR, Clement Edward DURR, Clement Edward
  • DURKEE, Edward Norman DURKEE, Edward Norman
  • DUNN, George S. Jr. DUNN, George S. Jr.
  • DRUM, Donald Landford DRUM, Donald Landford
  • DOWNING, Eugene Victor DOWNING, Eugene Victor
  • CROMWELL, Howard Don CROMWELL, Howard Don
  • COTTIER, Charles Edwin COTTIER, Charles Edwin
  • COSTIN, Louis Albert COSTIN, Louis Albert
  • COSTILL, Harold Kendall COSTILL, Harold Kendall
  • CHRISTIAN, William Garnett CHRISTIAN, William Garnett
  • CAMPBELL, William Clarence CAMPBELL, William Clarence
  • BURGESS, John Edwin Jr. BURGESS, John Edwin Jr.
  • BROWN, Riley Mirville BROWN, Riley Mirville
  • Untitled_2 Untitled_2
  • BROOKS, Ennis Edgar BROOKS, Ennis Edgar
  • BRANHAM, George Ohara BRANHAM, George Ohara
  • BOYER, Fred Hunter BOYER, Fred Hunter
  • BOOTON, Charlie Vinton BOOTON, Charlie Vinton
  • BENNION, Mervyn Sharp Medal of Honor Winner Captain Bennion won The Medal of Honor for his service on USS West Virginia during the attack on Pearl Harbor. He was mortally wounded when a large piece of metal struck his abdomen after an explosion on USS Tennessee. While wounded, Captain Bennion, remained in a cot in under the conning tower. Although ...
  • BARTEK, Frank Joseph Jr. BARTEK, Frank Joseph Jr.
  • BARNETT, William Leroy BARNETT, William Leroy
  • BARGERHUFF, Benjamin E. Jr. BARGERHUFF, Benjamin E. Jr.
  • ASHBY, Welborn Lee ASHBY, Welborn Lee
  • REID, William Henry REID, William Henry
  • LONG, Guy Edward LONG, Guy Edward
  • KERRIGAN, Raymond Joseph KERRIGAN, Raymond Joseph
  • JONES, Charles William JONES, Charles William
  • JACKSON, Lowell Bruce JACKSON, Lowell Bruce
  • DUANE, William DUANE, William
  • ARNEBERG, Harold Raymond ARNEBERG, Harold Raymond
  • WHITE, Glen Albert WHITE, Glen Albert
  • WETRICH, Vernard Oren WETRICH, Vernard Oren
  • VILLA, Michael William VILLA, Michael William
  • ULRICH, Elmer Herbert ULRICH, Elmer Herbert
  • TOMICH, Peter Medal of Honor Winner Destroyer Escort USS Tomich (DE-242) named after him
  • STRINZ, Gerald Victor STRINZ, Gerald Victor
  • SOUSLEY, Joseph B. SOUSLEY, Joseph B.
  • SMITH, Robert Daniel SMITH, Robert Daniel
  • SMITH, George Randolph SMITH, George Randolph
  • SHOUSE, Henson Taylor SHOUSE, Henson Taylor
  • SCOTT, Ralph Edward SCOTT, Ralph Edward
  • REED, Frank Edward REED, Frank Edward
  • PONDER, Walter Howard PONDER, Walter Howard
  • PHILLIPS, James William PHILLIPS, James William
  • PERRY, Forrest Hurbert PERRY, Forrest Hurbert
  • PARKER, Elmer Anthony PARKER, Elmer Anthony
  • ODGAARD, Edwin Nelson ODGAARD, Edwin Nelson
  • NORMAN, Orris Nate NORMAN, Orris Nate
  • NORMAN, Donald Charles NORMAN, Donald Charles
  • MILLER, Marvin Eugene MILLER, Marvin Eugene
  • MICHAEL, Charles O. MICHAEL, Charles O.
  • MARTINEZ, Rudolph Machado MARTINEZ, Rudolph Machado
  • MARSHALL, William Earl Jr. MARSHALL, William Earl Jr.
  • LYNCH, Kenneth Lee LYNCH, Kenneth Lee
  • LITTLE, John Grubbs III LITTLE, John Grubbs III
  • LA RUE, George Willard LA RUE, George Willard
  • KENT, William Harrison KENT, William Harrison
  • KARABON, Joseph Nicholas KARABON, Joseph Nicholas
  • KAMPMEYER, Eric T. KAMPMEYER, Eric T.
  • KAELIN, John Louis KAELIN, John Louis
  • JUEDES, William Arthur JUEDES, William Arthur
  • JONES, Leroy Henry JONES, Leroy Henry
  • JACKSON, David William JACKSON, David William
  • HOUDE, Emery Lyle HOUDE, Emery Lyle
  • HILL, Clifford Dale HILL, Clifford Dale
  • HARVESON, Herold Aloysius HARVESON, Herold Aloysius
  • GREGOIRE, Charles Norman GREGOIRE, Charles Norman
  • GIFT, Kenneth Mace GIFT, Kenneth Mace
  • GANDRE, Melvyn Amour GANDRE, Melvyn Amour
  • EIDSVIG, Vernon Jerome EIDSVIG, Vernon Jerome
  • DOSSER, William Hugh DOSSER, William Hugh
  • DIECKHOFF, Douglas R. DIECKHOFF, Douglas R.
  • DENNIS, Leroy DENNIS, Leroy
  • DAVIS, Billy Rex DAVIS, Billy Rex
  • CROSSETT, David Lloyd CROSSETT, David Lloyd
  • CRAIN, John Reeves CRAIN, John Reeves
  • CONNER, Joseph Ucline CONNER, Joseph Ucline
  • CLIPPARD, Lloyd Dale CLIPPARD, Lloyd Dale
  • CHESTNUTT, George V. Jr. CHESTNUTT, George V. Jr.
  • BUGARIN, Feliciano Todias BUGARIN, Feliciano Todias
  • BRUNNER, William Frank BRUNNER, William Frank
  • BROWN, Pallas Franklin BROWN, Pallas Franklin
  • BLACKBURN, John Thomas BLACKBURN, John Thomas
  • BLACK, John Edward BLACK, John Edward
  • BIGHAM, Virgil Cornelius BIGHAM, Virgil Cornelius
  • BIELKA, Rudolph Paul BIELKA, Rudolph Paul
  • BARTA, Joseph BARTA, Joseph
  • ARBUCKLE, William Delanno ARBUCKLE, William Delanno
  • ZACEK, Laddie John (Killed on USS Pennsylvania)
  • PENCE, John Wallace (Killed on USS Pennsylvania)
  • BIRD, John Arthur (Killed on USS Pennsylvania)
  • SMITH, Gerald Owen SMITH, Gerald Owen
  • ROE, Eugene Oscar ROE, Eugene Oscar
  • MILLER, J.B. Delane MILLER, J.B. Delane
  • HUDGELL, Alfred William HUDGELL, Alfred William
  • ADAMS, Jesse Leroy ADAMS, Jesse Leroy
  • WILLIAMS, Clyde WILLIAMS, Clyde
  • WESTBROOK, James Ross WESTBROOK, James Ross
  • TAYLOR, Palmer Lee TAYLOR, Palmer Lee
  • STIEF, Frank William Jr. STIEF, Frank William Jr.
  • SPAETH, Johnnie Herbert SPAETH, Johnnie Herbert
  • RUSSELL, Benjamin Nelson RUSSELL, Benjamin Nelson
  • RAINBOLT, John Thomas RAINBOLT, John Thomas
  • QUIRK, Edward Joseph QUIRK, Edward Joseph
  • PLATSCHORRE, Daniel P. PLATSCHORRE, Daniel P.
  • PETZ, Robert Albert PETZ, Robert Albert
  • PENUEL, George Ames Jr. PENUEL, George Ames Jr.
  • PARKS, Chester Lloyd PARKS, Chester Lloyd
  • MOORE, Clyde Carson MOORE, Clyde Carson

FDR Quotes
  • Dissecting Roosevelt’s “Day of Infamy” Speech On Monday, December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared before a joint session of the United States Congress to discuss the events that unfolded at Pearl Harbor the previous day. His address, known as the “Day of Infamy” speech, was brilliant and passionate, and would go down as one of the most important speeches ...
  • Declarations of War After Pearl Harbor Prior to the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the battlegrounds of World War II were clear. Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy were the main aggressors in the European Theater, fighting against the armies of the United Kingdom—and the British Commonwealth—the Soviet Union, and the Free French Army, with other nations providing ...
  • Pearl Harbor on Memorial Day The Sun is shining early in the morning, the barbecues are being fired up, and the swimming pools are uncovered – summer must be creeping towards us! Before we get to summer, there’s an important American holiday to celebrate. Memorial Day is looked at by some simply as an excuse for taking a vacation, but for ...

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