Before The Attack


The America First Committee and Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

On September 4, 1940, as tensions between the United States and the Empire of Japan mounted, the America First Committee was formed. Led by Yale Law student R. Douglas Stuart,... Read More

Pearl Harbor Terminology: What is a Fleet Problem?

By: Mark Loproto

Studying and understanding the attack on Pearl Harbor, the reasons behind it, and the events leading up to it can be a complicated task. It’s not simply a straightforward matter... Read More

The Misplaced Confidence of Hideki Tojo

By: Mark Loproto

Japanese Prime Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo hadn’t even seen the results of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor when he started to declare Japan’s ability to defeat the... Read More

Other Targets: Schofield Barracks

By: Mark Loproto

When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, their main objective was to decimate US naval power in the Pacific by destroying the  the battleships moored along Battleship... Read More

Was the Pearl Harbor Attack Inspired by a Novel?

By: Mark Loproto

Inspiration can come from anywhere and produce unpredictable results. An artist might draw inspiration from the most mundane object. A writer can come up with a fantastical idea based on real... Read More

Milestones on the Road to Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

On December 7th, the United States will once again commemorate the anniversary of the tragic attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base. Seventy-six years ago, the nation experienced a terrifying... Read More

Did American Sanctions Spur Pearl Harbor?

By: Mark Loproto

One hundred and thirty-three days That’s how long the United States had to reconsider the strict sanctions it had placed on Japan in the summer of 1941. On the 134th... Read More

Opposing the Pearl Harbor Attack: Japan’s Internal Struggle

By: Mark Loproto

Looking back at the events that unfolded on December 7th, 1941, it's reasonable to assume that all Japanese officials were supportive of the surprise attack. While the decision did have... Read More

From Incident to Invasion to Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

Not long after World War I ended, Japan was quick to revisit its quarrels with China. The tense cultural history between the two nations has often resulted in conflict. After... Read More

The London Naval Conference: A Prelude to Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

Looking at the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s tempting to say that the catalyst was the trade embargo placed on the Japan by the United States and other Allied nations.... Read More

More Facts About the Attack on Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

December 7th, 1941. It will forever be one of the most notable dates in American history, the day Japan launched a surprise aerial assault on an US naval base. We’ve... Read More

The Hull Note: The Final Piece Leading to War

By: Mark Loproto

Prior to the events of December 7th, 1941, the casual observer may have assumed that the United States was simply minding its own business when Japan conceived its malicious plan to send... Read More

A Quick History of American–Japanese Relations

By: Mark Loproto

On the morning of December 7th, 1941, there was no mistaking the message that Japan wanted to send: they had had enough of being policed by the US. The Empire of... Read More

The Inevitable War, the Surprise Attack

By: Mark Loproto

That tensions between the United States and Japan were reaching an all-time high was no surprise. Japanese advances across Asia didn’t bode well for American interests, despite trade deals that saw... Read More

Pearl Harbor and the End of American Isolationism

By: Mark Loproto

When you look at the policies of the United States today, it’s pretty easy to tell that it isn’t a nation driven by any sort of isolationism. Sometimes chided for being... Read More

The Economic Warfare that Led to Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

The conflict between the United States and Japan has long since been extinguished, but over 75 years ago, the two powers were locked in a tense struggle. Before Japan and the... Read More

Road to War: The Lead-Up to Pearl Harbor

By: Mark Loproto

What causes a nation to attack an unsuspecting naval base filled with men simply going about their day? How do the leaders of a country justify the killing of thousands, in... Read More

Japan’s Initiative: What if the Attack on Pearl Harbor Never Happened?

By: Mark Loproto

We know that on December 7th, 1941, Japanese bombers launched an attack on Pearl Harbor, officially drawing the United States into World War II. After the attack, American forces battled... Read More

Why Didn’t America Join the War Sooner?

By: Mark Loproto

Before the United States joined World War II in response to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the great battle had been raging in Europe since 1939. While the British... Read More

The Newspaper Ad Warning

By: Mark Loproto

One very important thing when learning about history is ensuring that what you’re reading is accurate. As you dig through countless articles and blogs retelling the events of calamities like... Read More

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